Negation strategies in Dravidian languages
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I need help with identifying the strategies used to express negation of verbal as well as non-verbal predications in the following Dravidian languages: Koya, Kurumba, Kuvi, Malto, Manda, Toda and Tulu.
The non-verbal predications are identification, class inclusion, property attribution, location, locative-presentative, existence and possession. Below you can see some sample sentences.
This is not Tom, it’s Jake.
Tom is not a teacher, he is a doctor.
Tom is not tall.
Tom/he is not here.
There aren’t any wild cats in the garden.
There are no wild cats.
Wild cats do not exist.
Tom/he does not have a car.
Any help would be greatly appreciated.
I have consulted a number of grammars without retrieving all the relevant data:
Bhat, D. N. Shankara. 1967. Descriptive analysis of Tulu. Poona: Deccan College.
Das, A. Sisir Kumar. 1973. Structure of Malto. Annamalainagar: Annamalai University.
Droese, Ernest. 1884. Introduction to the Malto language (and the Malto vocabulary). Agra: Secundra Orphanage Press.
Israel, M. 1979. A grammar of the Kuvi language (with texts and vocabulary). (Dravidian Linguistics Association, 27). Trivandrum: Dravidian Linguistic Association.
Sakthivel, S. 1977. A grammar of the Toda language. Annamalainagar: Annamalai University.
Tyler, Stephen A. 1969. Koya: an outline grammar. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press.
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