Chain shifts with deletion or epenthesis
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We are searching for examples of synchronic or diachronic chain
shifts (i.e., counterfeeding rule interactions, such that /A/->[B] while
/B/->[C]) in which segments are inserted or deleted.
For example, in Catalan, there is a process which deletes a
word-final post-nasal stop, and another which deletes a word-final nasal;
however, word-final nasals created by stop deletion are not themselves
deleted: /bint/->[bin] 'twenty', /bin/->[bi] 'wine'.
In the Catalan example, /A/->[B] and /B/->[C] are both deletions, bu
we would also be interested in hearing of cases in which both were
insertions (hypothetical /q/->[qa], /qa/->[qat]), or one was an insertion
and the other a change (hypothetical /q/->[qi], /qi/->[ki]), etc.
The most interesting case for us would be one which involved both a
deletion and an insertion: /AxB/->[AB], /AB/->[AyB]. We know of only one
claimed such case (Donegan & Stampe in Dinnsen (ed.) 1979).
We also count "sole-survivor effects", i.e., cases in which *all*
instances of surface [B] are derived from underlying /A/. In Optimality
Theory, these must be analyzed as chain shifts: /A/->[B], /B/->[something
else]. A language in which, e.g., all surface clusters were derived by
syncope would therefore be of interest to us.
A summary of all responses will be posted to the list (we can be
relied upon to do this; see LINGUIST 13.450, 2002 Feb. 14).
Elliott Moreton and Paul Smolensky
Department of Cognitive Science
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.