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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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Query Details

Query Subject:   Pharyngealised/Velarised Laterals and Stops
Author:   Daniela Müller
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  Phonetics

Query:   Dear colleagues,

I am preparing a thesis on lateral sounds and was wondering which
languages contrast a pharyngealised or velarised (i.e., dark) lateral
with a pharyngealised or velarised voiced alveolar or dental stop. I am
aware that Arabic has such a contrast in its emphatic
and /d/, but to
my knowledge it is not fully phonemic, in that the emphatic lateral only
occurs next to other emphatic consonants, in the word for God, and
only a few minimal pairs exist to support the claim of emphatic
/d/ standing in parallel distribution.

Are there any other languages in which pharyngealised or velarised

and /d/ contrast, either fully or marginally? Are there any languages in
which one is clearly an allophone of the other?

Of course, I will post a summary of the answers.

Best regards,

Daniela Müller
LL Issue: 22.3040
Date posted: 27-Jul-2011


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