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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

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This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.

Query Details

Query Subject:   Speaker/Hearer Related Temporal Expressions
Author:   Bettina Gruber
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  Morphology

Query:   Dear linguists,

It is well know that within the spatial domain many languages have
distinct lexical items to express closeness to the speaker as opposed to
closeness to the hearer.

I am wondering whether there are languages that have similar means
in the temporal domain. For instance, one could imagine a language
having distinct lexical items for the 'now of the speaker' as opposed to
the 'now of the hearer'.

Provided such languages exist, it would be interesting to know whether
these items are morphologically complex, and if so, whether the
individual components exist elsewhere in the grammar (e.g., the
pronominal or temporal domain).

If you know of any such language, I would be very grateful for a short
message with some details.

Best regards,
Bettina Gruber
LL Issue: 23.1391
Date posted: 19-Mar-2012


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