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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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Query Details

Query Subject:   The Preterit and Present Perfect
Author:   Takashi Kumagai
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  Morphology
Subject Language(s):  English

Query:   Dear LINGUIST Listers,

I am currently working on the present perfect and the preterit in American and British
English, i.e., the preterit as the present perfect and the present perfect with past time
adverbs as in the following examples:

a. I just came back.
b. You told me already.
c. The horse’s trainer has had a winner here yesterday.

This is discussed on the A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language (Quirk, R. et
al.:1985) and Practical English Usage (Swan, M.:1995) and others.

But unfortunately, there are certain points that remain less than clear.

I therefore would be very grateful if any “native speakers” could give me their acceptability
judgments on the data in the questionnaire below.

Please, respond to: http://www.englishcafe.jp/survey.html

I’ll certainly be willing to share the results with anyone who is interested.

Thank you.

Takashi Kumagai.
Graduate student.
Hokkaido University of Education, Hakodate campus.
LL Issue: 17.1993
Date posted: 07-Jul-2006


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