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Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

By: Ernst Jahr

Provides richly detailed insight into the uniqueness of the Norwegian language development. Marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Norwegian nation following centuries of Danish rule


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Acquiring Phonology: A Cross-Generational Case-Study

By Neil Smith

The study also highlights the constructs of current linguistic theory, arguing for distinctive features and the notion 'onset' and against some of the claims of Optimality Theory and Usage-based accounts.


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Language Production and Interpretation: Linguistics meets Cognition

By Henk Zeevat

The importance of Henk Zeevat's new monograph cannot be overstated. [...] I recommend it to anyone who combines interests in language, logic, and computation [...]. David Beaver, University of Texas at Austin


Query Details


Query Subject:   Free Direct/Indirect Speech
Author:   Adam Glaz
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  Semantics

Query:   Dear Linguists,

I’m seeking help with Free Direct/Indirect Speech and related categories.
At a seminar on point of view I presented my students with the sentence

He said, they never let him know! (assuming “he” and “him” to be coreferential)

and claimed it was an instance of Free Direct Speech, where the Direct
Speech starting point is:

He said: “They never let me know!”

I assumed the DS sentence was simply “freed” by removing the quotes,
especially as the tense is left unchanged. However, my students objected by
pointing out that the use of the pronoun “him” and the presence of the
exclamation mark were indicative of Free Indirect Speech. I said this
couldn’t be FIS due to the presence of the reporting clause “he said” and
the retention of Simple Past rather than a change into Past Perfect (They
had never let him know! is clearly an instance of FIS). So we couldn’t
decide what it was: can we assume it’s a category in between FDS and FIS,
rather than a variant of either? I would be grateful for assistance from
those with more expertise in the subject than myself. Please reply to
adam.glaz “at” umcs.lublin.pl I will be happy to post a summary if there’s
enough interest.

Best wishes to all,

Adam Glaz
UMCS, Lublin, Poland
LL Issue: 17.3115
Date posted: 23-Oct-2006



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