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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

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Query Details

Query Subject:   Adverbial Relatives - Call for Data and References
Author:   Radek Simik
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  General Linguistics

Query:   Dear colleagues,

I plan to start a morpho-syntactic and semantic research of so called
adverbial relatives, i.e. place-, time-, manner-, and reason-relatives,
illustrated by the following English examples:

1. a. I like the city where I was born
b. I remember the year when the war started
c. I admire the way (that) Peter plays the piano
d. I want to know the reason why John went home so early

Currently, I am in search of the following:

- references on this topic (mainly concerning syntactic and semantic
research but not excluding typological, acquisition, and other related
kinds of research)

- data from a number of typologically different languages
I am interested mainly in the way these relative are morphologically
introduced/expressed. As far as I have found out so far, such relatives may
be introduced by (i) a corresponding wh-question-word, as in (1a); (ii)
declarative complementizer, as in (1c); (iii) relative complementizer; (iv)
resumptive strategy. Note that one language may combine these strategies
even for one relativization-type.

I will be grateful for any kind of information, brief or detailed. Speakers
of less desribed languages are specially invited to contribute! For
interested linguists, a more detailed questionnaire may be prepared.

Please, send your references/data to this email address:
LL Issue: 17.3644
Date posted: 09-Dec-2006


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