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Summary Details


Query:   Sum: dative shift
Author:  centro multimediale linguistico
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Syntax

Summary:   DEAR LINGUISTS,

LAST MONTHS I POSTED A QUERY ON DATIVE SHIFT IN LANGUAGES OTHER THAN
ENGLISH. I'D APPRECIATE FURTHER COMMENTS ON MY QUERIES.
FIRST, MY QUESTIONS:

A. ARE ALL DIATRANSITIVE VERBS DATIVIZABLE? IF NOT, ARE THERE ANY CRITERIA
TO DISTINGUISH DATIVIZABLE AND DATIVIZABLE VERBS?

B. IS THE ORDER OF THE TWO INTERNAL ARGUMENTS IN A DOC (DOUBLE OBJECT
CONSTRUCTION) FIXED?

C. DOES YOUR LANGUAGE HAVE A SYMMETRIC PASSIVE (=(1) AND (2) ARE BOTH OK)?

1. JOHN WAS GIVEN A WATCH.
2. (*)A WATCH WAS GIVEN JOHN.

D. SYMMETRIC WH-MOVEMENT?

3. WHAT DID YOU GIVE JOHN?
4. *WHO DID YOU GIVE THE WATCH?

E. SYMMETRIC HEAVY NP SHIFT?

5. MARY GAVE TO JOHN THE MOST EXPENSIVE WATCH SHE HAD.
6. *MARY GAVE THE BOOK THE BEST PUPIL IN HER CLASS.

F. SYMMETRIC BINDING?

7. ?JOHN SHOWED EACH OTHER'S FRIENDS TO BILL AND MARY.
8. *JOHN SHOWED EACH OTHER'S FRIENDS BILL AND MARY.
9. JOHN SHOWED MARY TO HERSELF.
10. *JOHN SHOWED HERSELF TO MARY.

I WOULD LIKE TO THANK THE FOLLOWING PEOPLE:

TOM CRAVENS
PAUL KIPARSKY
JOHN LEE
HELGE LODRUP

THOUGH MY PRIMARY CONCERN WAS NOT ENGLISH, THOSE WHO RESPONDED ALSO
COMMENTED ON MY EXAMPLES. TOM CRAVENS POINTED OUT THAT (2) AND (4) ARE
ACCEPTABLE TO SOME SPEAKERS. JOHN LEE GAVE THE SAME JUDGEMENT FOR (2)
AND ARGUED THAT (4) IS COMPLETELY GRAMMATICAL FOR HIM, THE PREPOSITION

LL Issue: 8.117
Date Posted: 28-Jan-1997
Original Query: Read original query