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Raciolinguistics

Edited by H. Samy Alim, John R. Rickford, and Arnetha F. Ball

Raciolinguistics "Brings together a critical mass of scholars to form a new field dedicated to theorizing and analyzing language and race together."


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Sociolinguistics from the Periphery

By Sari Pietikäinen, FinlandAlexandra Jaffe, Long BeachHelen Kelly-Holmes, and Nikolas Coupland

Sociolinguistics from the Periphery "presents a fascinating book about change: shifting political, economic and cultural conditions; ephemeral, sometimes even seasonal, multilingualism; and altered imaginaries for minority and indigenous languages and their users."


Summary Details


Query:   Inversion in embedded clauses
Author:  mwl1 mwl1
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Discourse Analysis
Sociolinguistics
Text/Corpus Linguistics

Summary:   - ---

I ASKED WHETHER NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH ACCEPT (2B) AND (3B) AS
STYLISTICALLY MARKED VARIANTS OF (2A) AND (3A), OR WHETHER (2B) AND (3B)
ARE PLAINLY UNGRAMMATICAL?

(2A) I WONDER INTO WHICH GARDEN MY MOTHER WENT.
(2B) I WONDER INTO WHICH GARDEN WENT MY MOTHER.
(3A) THAT IS THE GARDEN INTO WHICH MY MOTHER WENT.
(3B) THAT IS THE GARDEN INTO WHICH WENT MY MOTHER.

I RECEIVED 15 REPLIES. A FEW RESPONDENTS CAUTIONED THAT (IN AMERICAN
ENGLISH) EVEN (2A) AND (2B) ARE STYLISTICALLY MARKED BECAUSE OF THE USE
OF PIED PIPING. SOME OTHER RESPONNDENTS MENTIONED A CONTRAST BETWEEN (2B)
AND (3B), SO I THINK I HAD BETTER LIST WHAT EACH RESPONDENT/INFORMANT
SAID ABOUT EACH SENTENCE IN THIS SUMMARY. (16 INFORMANTS' JUDGMENTS ARE
LISTED HERE BECAUSE TWO REPLIES CONTAIN DATA FROM MORE THAN ONE INFORMANT
AND ONE CONTAINS NO JUDGMENT DATA.)

FOR (2B):
(1) 'SOUND FINE ... SEEM A LITTLE LESS STYLISTICALLY MARKED THAN THE
NON-EXTRACTED CASE ... SOUND EVEN BETTER IF THE INVERTED SUBJECT IS HEAVY'
(2) 'UNGRAMMATICAL, OR AT LEAST VERY ODD'
(3) 'PLAINLY UNGRAMMATICAL'
(4) 'UNGRAMMATICAL ... ONE STEP BEYOND

LL Issue: 11.165
Date Posted: 26-Jan-2000
Original Query: Read original query