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Summary Details


Query:   Comitative
Author:  Timur Maisak
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Morphology
Typology

Summary:   TYPOLOGY OF COMITATIVE: A SUMMARY

ON NOVEMBER 23, 1999 I POSTED A QUERY TO THE LINGUISTLIST (LINGUIST
10.1784.2) CONCERNING COMITATIVE MARKERS.

I'M IMMENSELY GRATEFUL TO ALL THE LINGUISTS WHO ANSWERED ME (BILL
MORRIS, LOUISE MCNALLY, LARRY TRASK, GEORGE F. AUBIN, BILL PALMER,
MASCHA VASSILIEVA, JOERG KELLER), AS WELL AS TO MY MOSCOW COLLEAGUE
VLADIMIR PLUNGIAN, WHO INFORMED ME A LOT ON THE SUBJECT IN QUESTION.

WHAT FOLLOWS IS A SUMMARY OF LETTERS I RECEIVED IN NOVEMBER/DECEMBER,
AS WELL AS MY OWN OBSERVATIONS AND THE DATA FROM SOME ANDI (EAST
CAUCASIAN) LANGUAGES. SEE FULLER VERSION OF THE SUMMARY AT
HTTP://ISABASE.PHILOL.MSU.RU/~TIMIK/COMIT/COMIT.HTML .

0. TYPOLOGY

AS FAR AS I KNOW, COMITATIVES AS GRAMMATICAL CASES EXIST IN A NUMBER
OF URALIC, ALTAIC, NAKH-DAGESTANIAN AND DRAVIDIAN LANGUAGES, AS WELL
AS IN YUKAGHIR, CHUKOT AND OSETIN (IRANIAN).

THERE DOESN'T SEEM TO BE MANY SPEECIAL WORKS ON THE TYPOLOGY OF
COMITATIVE. AN IMPORTANT PAPER IS STOLZ 1993. SEE ALSO SCHLESINGER
1979, URTZ 1994 FOR A SUMMARY OF THE CROSS-LINGUISTIC OCCURENCE OF
COMITATIVES. AMONG THE PAPERS DEVOTED TO SYNTACTIC AND SEMANTIC
CHARACTERISTICS OF COMITATIVE CONSTRUCTIONS AS OPPOSED TO 'ORDINARY'
NP CO-ORDINATION, SEE SCHWARTZ 1988, MCNALLY 1993, DALRYMPLE ET
AL. 1998.

PEOPLE WHO ARE NOW WORKING ON COMITATIVES ARE MASCHA VASSILIEVA (STATE
UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK AT STONY BROOK), ALEKSANRD ARKHIPOV (MOSCOW
STATE UNIVERSITY).

1. TERMINOLOGY

1.1. NOMINAL COMITATIVE

BY COMITATIVE I MEAN THE MEANING 'TOGETHER WITH'; I'M INTERESTED
PRIMARILY IN NOMINAL MODIFIERS WITH THIS MEANING, BE IT CASE AFFIXES,
ADPOSITIONS, PARTICLES ETC.

COMITATIVE MARKERS EXPRESS THE ROLE OF A SECONDARY PARTICIPANT OF A
SITUATION: IT IS A PERSON INVOLVED IN THE SITUATION TOGETHER WITH THE
MAIN PARTICIPANT (E.G.

LL Issue: 11.198
Date Posted: 31-Jan-2000
Original Query: Read original query