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Summary Details


Query:   Sum:English reflexives
Author:  Makoto SHIMIZU
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Semantics
Syntax

Summary:   FOR QUERY: LINGUIST 11.1130

I RECENTLY ASKED ABOUT ENGLISH REFLEXIVES. I PUT THE ORIGINAL
MESSAGE HERE:

- ----------------------------------------------
I'VE BEEN DOING SOME RESEARCH ON THE ENGLISH REFLEXIVES
AND CAME ACROSS THE FOLLOWING TYPE:

HERE THE RIVER DIVIDES (ITSELF) INTO TWO BRANCHES.

THE MEANING OF THE SENTENCE IS, MORE OR LESS, SIMILAR
WITH OR WITHOUT THE REFLEXIVE.

I WOULD MUCH APPRECIATE IT IF YOU COULD DIRECT ME TO
ANY RELATED REFERENCES OR GIVE ME SIMILAR EXAMPLES.
THANKS.
- ----------------------------------------------

TWELVE PEOPLE RESPONDED TO MY POSTING. I AM GRATEFUL TO ALL
OF THEM.

BILL MORRIS ARGUED THAT MY EXAMPLE IS THAT OF MIDDLE VOICE,
RATHER THAN REFLEEXIVE DELETION. I ASSUME THAT BRUCE MOREN
HAS A SIMILAR OPINION. IN HIS OPINION, IT IS SITUATED
SOMEWHERE IN BETWEEN THE TRANSITIVE AND THE INTRANSITIVE
READING...HE ALSO GAVE ME THE FOLLOWING EXAMPLES.

JOHN BROKE THE MACHINE.
THE MACHINE BROKE.
THE MACHINE BROKE ITSELF.

THE GIRL ROLLED THE BOY DOWNHILL.
THE BOY ROLLED DOWNHILL.
THE BOY ROLLED HIMSELF DOWNHILL.

THE NURSE MOVED THE PATIENTS ACROSS THE ROOM.
THE PATIENTS MOVED ACROSS THE ROOM.
THE PATIENTS MOVED THEMSELVES ACROSS THE ROOM.

THE WOMAN CLOSED THE DOOR.
THE DOOR CLOSED.
THE DOOR CLOSED ITSELF.

THE WOMAN OPENED THE DOOR.
THE DOOR OPENED.
THE DOOR OPENED ITSELF.

BRUCE FEELS THAT MY EXAMPLE IS RELATED TO

LL Issue: 11.1256
Date Posted: 05-Jun-2000
Original Query: Read original query