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Summary Details


Query:   phonotactics in morphological blocking and suppletion
Author:  John Alderete
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Morphology
Phonology

Language Family:   Germanic
New English

Summary:   DEAR MEMBERS OF THE LIST,

THIS MESSAGE IS AN INDEX AND COMPILATION OF THE MESSAGES I GOT IN RESPONSE
TO MY CALL (DEC. 5, 2001) ASKING FOR LANGUAGE EXAMPLES IN WHICH IT APPEARS
THAT PHONOLOGICAL CONSTRAINTS PLAY A ROLE IN BLOCKING MORPHOLOGICAL
PROCESSES AND GOVERNING SUPPLETION (THE INDEX COMBINES MESSAGES FROM
MY CALLS ON BOTH THE LINGUIST LIST AND THE OPTIMAL LIST). THANKS TO ALL
THOSE WHO PARTICIPATED (THE NAMES OF THE PARTICIPANTS ARE LISTED BELOW IN
THE INDEX). YOU HAVE HELPED TO PROVIDE THE LARGER LINGUISTIC COMMUNITY
WITH A WEALTH OF INTERESTING EXAMPLES AND A BETTER BIBLIOGRAPHY THAN THE
ONE I STARTED WITH. SOME CONTRIBUTORS REFER TO THEIR OWN WORK, AVAILABLE
IN ELECTRONIC FORMAT; PLEASE USE THE CONTACT INFORMATION IN THEIR MESSAGE
TO OBTAIN THIS WORK. FINALLY, AS THIS IS A RATHER LONG DOCUMENT, WITHOUT
HYPERTEXT LINKS, TAKE NOTE THAT INDEX MESSAGE HEADERS CAN BE FOUND
DIRECTLY BY USING YOUR FAVORITE SEARCH TOOL: THE INDEX NUMBER #] SHOULD
HELP IDENTIFY THE INDEX MESSAGE HEADERS IN THE ACTUAL CORRESPONDENCE BELOW
SINCE ']' IS RESERVED FROM THESE HEADERS.

BEST WISHES,

-JOHN ALDERETE, RUTGERS UNIVERSITY

=========================================================

INDEX FOR CORRESPONDENCE:

1] JOHN ALDERETE, ORIGINAL APPEAL FOR REFERENCES (UPDATED) AND EXAMPLES
2] AMANDA SEIDL, EXAMPLE FROM MENDE
3] LEE BICKMORE, EXAMPLE FROM TAHITIAN
4] CARSON SCHUTZE, ENGLISH EXAMPLE: 'PERSON FROM X /-ER/'
5] MIKE MAXWELL, EXAMPLES FROM TZELTAL (MAYAN), SHUAR (JIVAROAN, ECUADOR),
AXININCA CAMPA (PERU), AND CUBEO (TUCANOAN, COLOMBIA)
6] WAYLES BROWNE, EXAMPLE OF SLAVIC SUFFIX -BA
7] JOSE ELIAS ULLOA, EXAMPLE FROM SHIPIBO AND CAPANAHUA (PANOAN, PERU)
8] GAIL COELHO, EXAMPLE FROM THOMPSON RIVER SALISH
8.1] SUZANNE URBANCZYK, REFERENCE FOR SALISH EXAMPLE
9] BRETT BAKER, EXAMPLES FROM NGALAKGAN AND OTHER AUSTRALIAN LANGUAGES
10] DONCA STERIADE, EXAMPLES FROM LATIN AND GREEK DECLENSIONS
11] ARMIN MESTER, EXAMPLES FROM GERMAN (DIMINUTIVE -CHEN / LEIN AND A->N
SUFFIX HEIT/KEIT) PLUS REFERENCES
12] JOHN KOONTZ, EXAMPLE FROM WINNEBAGO AND DISCUSSION
13] LISA DAVIDSON, EXAMPLE OF PORTUGUESE AND SPANISH DIMINUTIVES
14] YOONJUNG KANG, EXAMPLE FROM KOREAN
15] ARTO ANTILLA, REFERENCES
16] BIRGIT ALBER, EXAMPLE FROM GERMAN
17] TODD BAILEY, EXAMPLES FROM SPANISH, LATIN AND POLISH
18] MOIRA YIP, EXAMPLES FROM ENGLISH AND CANTONESE
19] JEREMY WHISTLE, DISCUSSION OF ENGLISH /-FUL/
20] ANDREW SPENCER, REFERENCE AND DISCUSSION OF GENERAL TOPIC
21] LARRY TRASK, EXAMPLES FROM ENGLISH (/EN-) AND BASQUE AND DISCUSSION OF
ENGLISH /-FUL/ AND /-IZE/
22] JOHN KOONTZ, EXAMPLES FROM SIOUAN
23] PIUS TEN HACKEN, EXPLANATION OF MORPHOLOGICAL DICTIONARY IN WORD MANAGER
24] ANNA THORNTON, EXAMPLES FROM ITALIAN (SEVERAL EXAMPLES)
25] KATHERINE CROSSWHITE, EXAMPLE OF VERBAL -S'A/-S' IN RUSSIAN
26] INGO PLAG, REFERENCE AND DISCUSSION
27] MARK ARONOFF, REFERENCES
28] ERIC BAKOVIC', EXAMPLE OF DIMINUTIVES IN SPANISH
29] ANDREW CARSTAIRS-MCCARTHY, REFERENCES

=========================================================
INDIVIDUAL MESSAGES (WITH REPEATED INDEX MESSGE HEADERS):

1] JOHN ALDERETE, ORIGINAL APPEAL FOR REFERENCES (UPDATED) AND EXAMPLES

DATE: WED, 5 DEC 2001 14:14:36 -0500 (EST)
FROM: JOHN ALDERETE
TO: OPTIMAL@UCSD.EDU
SUBJECT: QUERY: SUBCATEGORIZATION IN PHONOLOGY AND MORPHOLOGY


DEAR FRIENDS AND COLLEAGUES,

I'M CURRENTLY WORKING ON A CROSS-LINGUISTIC STUDY OF SUBCATEGORIZATION
EFFECTS IN MORPHOLOGY AND PHONOLOGY, AND I'D LIKE TO APPEAL TO THE MEMBERS
OF THIS LISTSERV FOR EXAMPLES AND REFERENCES. I WILL PREPARE A SUMMARY OF
THE RESPONSES OF THIS QUERY FOR FUTURE REFERENCE ON THE LIST.

THE BASIC TYPE OF PATTERN I'M LOOKING FOR IS ONE IN WHICH A MORPHEME
'SUBCATEGORIZES' FOR A PHONOLOGICAL PROPERTY OF A NEIGHBORING MORPHEME,
I.E., IT ONLY OCCURS WHEN A SUBCATEGORIZED PHONOLOGICAL PROPERTY IS
PRESENT. FOR EXAMPLE, IT IS SOMETIMES SAID THAT THE ADJECTIVE-FORMING
SUFFIX /-FUL/ IN ENGLISH SUBCATEGORIZES FOR A STRESSED SYLLABLE AT THE END
OF THE STEM TO WHICH IT ATTACHES, E.G., FORGETFUL, CF. *FORGETTINGFUL
(SIEGEL 1973; THOUGH THIS EXAMPLE IS MORE COMPLICATED, SEE BROWN 1958 AND
CHAPIN 1970).

SUBCATEGORIZATION EFFECTS SUCH AS THIS CAN BLOCK THE APPLICATION OF A
MORPHOLOGICAL PROCESS, AS IN THE CASE WITH ENGLISH /-FUL/. OR IT MAY BE
THE BASIS OF THE SELECTION OF A PARTICULAR ALLOMORPH WHEN TWO OR MORE
MORPHEMES COMPETE FOR A PARTICULAR COLLOCATION, E.G., NOUN-FORMING {-EI,
-EREI} IN GERMAN, WHERE -EREI IS CHOSEN IF THE STEM ENDS IN STRESS, AND
-EI IF THE STEM-FINAL SYLLABLE IS UNSTRESSED (HALL 1990, HARGUS 1993); ONE
MIGHT SAY THEREFORE THAT -EREI SUBCATEGORIZES FOR A STEM THAT ENDS IN A
STRESSED SYLLABLE. EXAMPLES SUCH AS THESE HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO THE STUDY OF
INTERACTIONISM IN PHONOLOGY AND MORPHOLOGY (SIEGEL 1974, HARGUS 1993,
BOOIJ & LIEBER 1993), THE PROSODIC DEPENDENCE/INDEPENDENCE OF MORPHEME
CLASSES (INKELAS 1989), THE NATURE OF ALIGNMENT CONSTRAINTS (MCCARTHY &
PRINCE 1993, KAGER 1996), AND THE STRUCTURE OF OT GRAMMARS (ORGUN &
SPROUSE 1999).

IF ANY EXAMPLES LIKE THIS COME TO MIND (WHICH ARE NOT ALREADY LISTED
BELOW) IN THE LANGUAGES YOU UNDERSTAND WELL, I'D GREATLY APPRECIATE IT IF
YOU COULD TAKE THE TIME AND RESPOND WITH A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FACTS
AND THE RELEVANT REFERENCES. MANY OF THE EXAMPLES LISTED BELOW ARE
PROSODIC IN NATURE, BUT EXAMPLES OF SUBCATEGORIZATIN FOR SEGMENTAL
PROPERTIES ARE ALSO VERY WELCOME. AS FAR AS WHETHER AN EXAMPLE
'QUALIFIES', IT IS BEST TO ERR ON THE SIDE OF INCLUSION. IN FACT, ANY
SIGNIFICANT DISCUSSION OF THESE PHENOMENA (BUT SEE REFERENCES BELOW) OR
RELEVANT EXAMPLES OF PHONOLOGICALLY GOVERNED BLOCKING AND ALLOMORPHY WOULD
BE MOST WELCOME. THE LIST OF EXAMPLES AND REFERENCES BELOW ARE MY STARTING
PLACE, BUT IF YOU KNOW OF USEFUL DISCUSSION THAT BUILDS ON THIS WORK, OR
GIVES CRITICAL ASSESSMENT, THAT WOULD BE HELPFUL AS WELL. PLEASE ADDRESS
ALL CORRESPONDENCE TO THIS ADDRESS (REPEATED AT THE END OF THE MESSAGE).

FINALLY, PLEASE FORWARD THIS MESSAGE TO COLLEAGUES WHO YOU FEEL WOULD
BE ABLE TO CONTRIBUTE BUT MAY NOT BE ON THIS LISTSERV.

THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME. -JOHN ALDERETE


EXAMPLES:

DUTCH -IG (N->A), ONLY ATTACHES TO STEMS ENDING IN STRESSED SYLLABLES (MAY
INDUCE BOTH BLOCKING AND STRESS SHIFT, SEE TROMMELEN & ZONNEVELD 1989,
KAGER 1996)

DUTCH {-ISCH, -IEF} (N->A), -IEF IS CHOSEN WHEN THE FINAL SYLLABLE IS
STRESSED IN THE UNDERIVED BASE AND ENDS IN -IE, -ISCH CHOSEN ELSEWHERE
(BOOIJ & LIEBER 1993)

ENGLISH /-EN/ (A->V), ONLY ATTACHES TO HEAVY SYLLABLE STEMS; CANNOT ATTACH
TO STEMS ENDING IN LIQUIDS, NASALS, OR VOWELS (SIEGEL 1974: 174-176)

ENGLISH /-FUL/ (N->A), ONLY ATTACHES TO STEMS ENDING IN STRESSED
SYLLABLES; CANNOT ATTACH TO STEMS ENDING IN /V F/ (SIEGEL 1974: 164-174,
BROWN 1958, CHAPIN 1970)

ENGLISH /-AL/ (V->N), ONLY ATTACHES TO STEMS ENDING IN C1V(C2)(C3), WHERE
V IS STRESSED, C2 (OPTIONAL) IS [+SON] AND C3 IS EITHER A CORONAL OR A
LABIAL (ROSS 1972, SIEGEL 1974: 164-168)

ENGLISH /-IZE/ (N/A->V), ONLY ATTACHES TO STEMS ENDING IN AN UNSTRESSED
SYLLABLE (RAFFELSIEFEN 1996)

ENGLISH {-ETERIA, -TERIA}, -ETERIA WHEN STEM-FINAL SYLLABLE IS STRESSED,
-TERIA ELSEWHERE (SIEGEL 1974: 176-178)

GERMAN GE- (PERFECTIVE PARTICIPLE), ONLY ATTACHES TO STEMS THAT BEGIN WITH
A STRESSED SYLLABLE (REFERENCES WELCOME)

GERMAN {-EI, -EREI} (V->N), -EREI IF THE STEM ENDS WITH A STRESSED FINAL
SYLLABLE, -EI IF STEM ENDS WITH AN UNSTRESSED FINAL SYLLABLE (HARGUS 1993,
HALL 1990)

LAPPISH {-IDE, -IDA} (ILLATIVE PLURAL), -IDE WHEN STEM HAS AN EVEN NUMBER
OF SYLLABLES, -IDA WHEN STEM HAS ODD NUMBER OF SYLLABLES (HARGUS 1993,
BERGSLAND 1976)

LATIN {-IA, -IE:S} (ABSTRACT NOUNS IN 1ST AND 5TH DECLENSION), -IE:S IS
BLOCKED IF BEFORE A HEAVY SYLLABLE (I.E., IF IT LEADS TO 'PROSODY
TRAPPING', SEE MESTER 1994)

POLISH {-S, -EJS} (COMPARATIVES), -EJS IS CHOSEN IF THE UNDERIVED STEM
ENDS IN AN EXTRASYLLABIC CONSONANT, -S OTHERWISE


REFERENCES:

ANTTILA, ARTO. 1995. DERIVING VARIATION FROM GRAMMAR: A STUDY OF FINNISH
GENITIVES. MS., STANDARD UNIVERSITY. ROA-63

ANSHEN, FRANK, MARK ARONOFF, ROY BYRD, JUDITH KLAVANS. 1986. THE ROLE OF
ETYMOLOGY AND WORD-LENGTH IN ENGLISH WORD FORMATION. MS., SUNY STONY
BROOK/IBM WATSON RESEARCH CENTER.

ARONOFF, MARK. 1976. WORD FORMATION IN GENERATIVE GRAMMAR. CAMBRIDGE: THE
MIT PRESS.

BOOIJ, GEERT & ROCHELLE LIEBER. 1993. ON THE SIMULTANEITY OF MORPHOLOGICAL
AND PROSODIC STRUCTURE. IN HARGUS & KAISSE (EDS.), PP. 23-44.

BROWN, A.F. 1958. THE DERIVATION OF ENGLISH ADJECTIVES ENDING
-FUL. DOCTORAL DISSERTATION, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

CARSTAIRS-MCCARTHY, ANDREW. 1988. SOME IMPLICATIONS OF PHONOLOGICALLY
CONDITIONED SUPPLETION. IN YEARBOOK OF MORPHOLOGY.

CARSTAIRS-MCCARTHY, ANDREW. 1990. PHONOLOGICALLY CONDITIONED SUPPLETION. IN
DRESSLER ET AL (EDS), CONTEMPORARY MORPHOLOGY, MOUTON DE GRUYTER.

CHAPIN, PAUL. 1970. ON AFFIXATION IN ENGLISH. IN MANFRED BIERWISCH & KARL
E. HEIDOLPH (EDS.), PP. 51-63, PROGRESS IN LINGUISTICS. A COLLECTION OF
PAPERS. THE HAGUE: MOUTON.

FABB, NIGEL. 1988. ENGLISH SUFFIXATION IS CONSTRAINED ONLY BY SELECTIONAL
RESTRICTIONS. NATURAL LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTIC THEORY 6: 527-539.

HALL, T. 1990. SYLLABLE STRUCTURE AND SYLLABLE-RELATED PROCESSES IN
GERMAN. DOCTORAL DISSERTATION, UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON.

HARGUS, SHARON. 1993. MODELING THE PHONOLOGY-MORPHOLOGY INTERFACE. IN
HARGUS & KAISSE (EDS.), PP. 45-74.

HARGUS, SHARON & ELLEN KAISSE. 1993. PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY 4. STUDIES IN
LEXICAL PHONOLOGY. SAN DIEGO: ACADEMIC PRESS.

INKELAS, SHARON. 1989. PROSODIC CONSTITUENCY IN THE LEXICON. DOCTORAL
DISSERTATION, STANFORD UNIVERSITY.

ITO, JUNKO & JORGE HANKAMER. 1989. NOTES ON MONOSYLLABISM IN TURKISH. IN
JUNKO ITO & JEFF RUNNER (EDS.), PHONOLOGY AT SANTA CRUZ. SANTA
CRUZ: LINGUISTICS RESEARCH CENTER, PP. 61-69.

KAGER, RENE. 1996. ON AFFIX ALLOMORPHY AND SYLLABLE COUNTING. IN URSULA
KLEINHENZ (ED.), PP. 155-171, STUDIA GRAMMATICA 41, INTERFACES IN
PHONOLOGY. BERLIN: AKADEMIE VERLAG. ROA-88.

KAGER, RENE. 1996. STEM STRESS AND PEAK CORRESPONDENCE IN DUTCH. MS.,
UTRECHT UNIVERSITY.

MCCARTHY, JOHN & ALAN PRINCE. 1993. GENERALIZED ALIGNMENT. YEARBOOK OF
MORPHOLOGY 1993, PP. 79-153. ROA-7

MESTER, ARMIN. 1994. THE QUANTITATIVE TROCHEE IN LATIN. NLLT 12: 1-61.

ORGUN, CEMIL ORHAN & RONALD SPROUSE. 1999. FROM MPARSE TO
CONTROL: DERIVING UNGRAMMATICALITY. PHONOLOGY 16: 191-224. ROA-224.

PRINCE, ALAN & PAUL SMOLENSKY. 1993. OPTIMALITY THEORY: CONSTRAINT
INTERACTION IN GENERATIVE GRAMMAR. RUCCS-TR-2, RUTGERS CENTER FOR
COGNITIVE SCIENCE.

RAFFELSIEFEN, RENATE. 1996. GAPS IN WORD FORMATION. IN URSULA KLEINHENZ
(ED.), INTERFACES IN PHONOLOGY. BERLIN: AKADEMIE VERLAG, PP. 194-209.

ROSS, JOHN. 1972. A REANALYSIS OF ENGLISH WORD STRESS. IN MICHAEL BRAME
(ED.), PP. 227-323, CONTRIBUTIONS IN GENERATIVE PHONOLOGY. AUSTIN:
UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS PRESS.

SIEGEL, DOROTHY. 1974. TOPICS IN ENGLISH MORPHOLOGY. DOCTORAL
DISSERTATION, MIT.

TROMMELEN, MIEKE, & WIM ZONNEVELD. 1989. KLEMTOON EN METRISCHE
FONOLOGIE. MUIDERBERG: COUTINHO.

=========================================================

2] AMANDA SEIDL, MENDE EXAMPLE

DATE: WED, 5 DEC 2001 15:25:46 -0500 (EST)
FROM: AMANDA SEIDL
TO: JOHN ALDERETE
SUBJECT: RE: QUERY: SUBCATEGORIZATION IN PHONOLOGY AND MORPHOLOGY


HI JOHN,
I'M WONDERING WHETHER THIS QUALIFIES:
IN MENDE (THE INSERTION OF A PHONOLOGICALLY MUTATED ALLOMORPH. IF THIS SOUNDS LIKE
IT QUALIFIES I CAN SEND YOU MY ANALYSIS.

THE STUFF YOU WANT IS IN A TEENY CHUNK OF MY THESIS. IF YOU NEED MORE
DETAILS I HAVE ANOTHER PAPER. LET ME KNOW.

BEST,
AMANDA

### N.B.: CONTACT AUTHOR WITH INFO BELOW FOR PAPER REFERRED TO ABOVE. ###

********************************************
AMANDA SEIDL
DEPARTMENT OF COGNITIVE SCIENCE
JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY
137D KRIEGER HALL
BALTIMORE, MD 21218

DEPT PHONE: (410) 516-4945

*********************************************

=========================================================

3] LEE BICKMORE, TAHITIAN EXAMPLE

DATE: WED, 5 DEC 2001 15:40:01 -0500
TO: JOHN ALDERETE
FROM: LEE BICKMORE
SUBJECT: RE: QUERY: SUBCATEGORIZATION IN PHONOLOGY AND MORPHOLOGY


HI JOHN. LONG TIME NO SEE. I HOPE ALL IS GOING WELL. WITH REGARD TO
YOUR REQUEST, ONE THING CAME TO MIND, THOUGH I DON'T THINK IT'S
REALLY WHAT YOU'RE LOOKING FOR--IT CERTAINLY DOESN'T HAVE TO DO WITH
PROSODIC CONDITIONING. IN TAHITIAN, THE CAUSATIVE PREFIX IS FA'A-
UNLESS THE ROOT BEGINS WITH A LABIAL CONSONANT, IN WHICH CASE IT'S
HA'A-. THE ANALYSIS OF THIS, OF COURSE, IS PROBABLY VERY
STRAIGHTFORWARD: SOME CONSTRAINT ON MULTIPLE SEQUENTIAL LABIALS WITH
THE DEFAULT C BEING PLACELESS. OF COURSE, I'M NOT ENTIRELY SURE THAT
THERE'S LOTS OF INDEPENDENT EVIDENCE THAT H IS THE DEFAULT. SEEMS
LIKE ARGUMENTS COULD BE MADE THAT PERHAPS ' (GLOTTAL STOP), ALSO
PLACELESS, IS.

...

BEST,

LEE

******************************************************************
LEE S. BICKMORE SNAIL MAIL:
ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR DEPT. OF ANTHROPOLOGY, SS 263
DEPT OF ANTHROPOLOGY UNIVERSITY AT ALBANY
PROGRAM IN LINGUISTICS & COG. SCI. ALBANY, NY 12222
ASSOCIATE DEAN OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDIES
PH: (518) 442-4160
FAX: (518) 442-5710
WEB PAGES: HTTP://WWW.ALBANY.EDU/~LB527 (PERSONAL)
HTTP://WWW.ALBANY.EDU/~LB527/LOZ.HTML (LANGUAGES OF ZAMBIA)


=========================================================

4] CARSON SCHUTZE, ENGLISH EXAMPLE: 'PERSON FROM X /-ER/'

DATE: WED, 05 DEC 2001 13:18:05 -0800
SUBJECT: RE: QUERY: SUBCATEGORIZATION IN PHONOLOGY AND MORPHOLOGY
FROM: CARSON SCHUTZE
TO:


HI JOHN,

THERE'S AN ALTERNATION IN ENGLISH FOR THE N->A SUFFIX MEANING

LL Issue: 13.92
Date Posted: 16-Jan-2002
Original Query: Read original query