Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Wiley-Blackwell Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info


New from Oxford University Press!

ad

Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

By: Ernst Jahr

Provides richly detailed insight into the uniqueness of the Norwegian language development. Marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Norwegian nation following centuries of Danish rule


New from Cambridge University Press!

ad

Acquiring Phonology: A Cross-Generational Case-Study

By Neil Smith

The study also highlights the constructs of current linguistic theory, arguing for distinctive features and the notion 'onset' and against some of the claims of Optimality Theory and Usage-based accounts.


New from Brill!

ad

Language Production and Interpretation: Linguistics meets Cognition

By Henk Zeevat

The importance of Henk Zeevat's new monograph cannot be overstated. [...] I recommend it to anyone who combines interests in language, logic, and computation [...]. David Beaver, University of Texas at Austin


Summary Details


Query:   Ouch!/ow!/aija!
Author:  Fred Cummins
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Phonology
Lexicography

Summary:   I received many responses to my recent query about the form of
ouch!/ow!/aija! etc used by children across cultures. I have arranged
all responses into a web page which will be updated if I gather any
further information (feel free to mail me). The URL is:

http://www.idsia.ch/~fred/ouch.html

There is indeed a large degree of variability in the form used. The
following forms were noted (transcriptions are largely as in the original):

English (California, Ohio, Australia, Ireland): /aU(w)/, /aUtS/

English (Australia): [Ua] (rare), curses (common)

Icelandic: [aIJI], [aIJ], [au]

Swedish: [aj], [a:j], [a:j:]

Polish: AuWa, OiE

Chukchi (Paleosiberian, NE Russia): ['ika], ['ikaka]

Russian: ['oj], ['ojojoj]

Spanish (European, N. and S. America): [ai], /'ai.ja/

French: [ai]
also France [uf][utS] (when squeezed)
Qubec [ajoej] Montreal
Qubec [adjoej] Bas St-Laurent
Acadie [ajoej]

Portugese: [aji]

Greek: /'ai/, /aj/, /'au/, /'aits/

Persian: /'a:x/, /'a:i/, /va:i/, and /'u:h/ ('for the glottal stop)

Arabic: /?ajj/, /?aX/

Japanese: itAi, itEeeh (class based distinction)

Korean: [aja], [ajat] (2nd syllable usually stressed)

Malay/Indonesian: _aduh_ (stress on final syllable)

Thanks to the following who responded with examples:

Michael Moss
Michael Dunn
Hak-Sung Han
Eric Pawley
Dr. Andrew McIntyre
M. J. Hardman
Ahmad Reza Lotfi
Monica Malamud Makowski
Elisabet Eir Cortes
Dick Hudson
Carmen Zamanillo
Steven Schaufele
Nicole Cooper
Geoffrey Sampson
Mikael Parkvall
David Gil
Damon Allen Davison
John Mackin
R. M. Chandler-Burns
Tony Lewis
Seham
Phoevos Panagiotidis
Wendy Burnett
Beate Damm

Apologies if I missed anyone..................

Fred

''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
Fred Cummins, IDSIA, Corso Elvezia 36, CH-6900 Lugano, Switzerland
Web: http://www.idsia.ch/~fred
email: fred at idsia.ch (replace ' at ' with '@')
''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

LL Issue: 10.522
Date Posted: 08-Apr-1999
Original Query: Read original query


Back

Sums main page