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Summary Details


Query:   Re: Syntax and Semantics of
Author:  Graeme Forbes
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Syntax

Summary:   Thanks to the many people who responded to my query about why you can
say (1) but can't say (2):

(1) I saw John leave.
(2) I photographed John leave.

Other sensory verbs like "smelled", "heard", "sense", pattern with
"saw" (maybe you-know-who could smell Monica arrive in the outer
office, because of her perfume), while the likes of "taped", "filmed"
etc. pattern with "photograph". Only 1 person disputed the data (I'm
assured that (2) is ok in Australia).

The explanations I liked most were from Brian Ulicny and Michael Swan.
Ulicny points out that on Hale/Keyser theories of incorporation,
"photograph" derives from "took a photograph of" and carries its
syntax, and you can't have "photograph of John leave". Swan points
out, in effect, that (1) implies John left, while you can photograph
John leaving even if he then gets stopped and doesn't leave, so the
difference between an event-in-progress and a culminated event may be
relevant.

Graeme Forbes

LL Issue: 9.227
Date Posted: 14-Feb-1998
Original Query: Read original query


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