Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Wiley-Blackwell Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info

New from Oxford University Press!


Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

By: Ernst Jahr

Provides richly detailed insight into the uniqueness of the Norwegian language development. Marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Norwegian nation following centuries of Danish rule

New from Cambridge University Press!


Acquiring Phonology: A Cross-Generational Case-Study

By Neil Smith

The study also highlights the constructs of current linguistic theory, arguing for distinctive features and the notion 'onset' and against some of the claims of Optimality Theory and Usage-based accounts.

New from Brill!


Language Production and Interpretation: Linguistics meets Cognition

By Henk Zeevat

The importance of Henk Zeevat's new monograph cannot be overstated. [...] I recommend it to anyone who combines interests in language, logic, and computation [...]. David Beaver, University of Texas at Austin

Summary Details

Query:   Sum: DP/CP parallelism
Author:  Joost Kremers
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Syntax

Summary:   About two weeks ago, I posted the following question to the Linguist
List:(Linguist 13.1893)

In the (generative) literature on noun phrases, there exists the idea
that the functional categories of the noun phrase are direct
equivalents of the functional categories in the clause. E.g. according
to Abney (1987), K (for Case) is the equivalent of C, and D is the
equivalent of Infl. Others, such as Szabolcsi (1987, 1994) argue that
D is the equivalent of C, and Poss (or some such head) is seen as the
equivalent of Infl or T. From what I understand, a similar
parallellism is seen between Num and Asp.

The past few days I have been trying to find more literature
discussing these parallellisms, but I have not been very
successful. So I am turning to this List. If you should know of papers
or articles discussing some of these parallellisms, even if it is just
in a single section, I would be very grateful if you would let me know
about them.


I have received quite a number of responses to this question, for
which I am very grateful and I would like to thank (again) those that

Several people have asked me to post a summary, which I am happy to

Although I have not been able to thoroughly go through all the
references yet, it seems to be the case that the parallelism that
receives the most attention is that between DP and CP. Connections
between Poss and Infl, and between Num and Asp are not discussed as
much. Some authors assume other equivalencies, such as Ogawa (2001)
who compares small v with a nominalizing projection Nz.

The parallelism between Num and Asp seems motivated by semantic
reasons, where the mass/count distinction is compared to
stative/non-stative aspect. However, the exact nature of this
parallelism is still unclear to me.

The parallelism between Poss and Infl seems motivated mainly by the
agreement between N/Possessor and V/Subject.

The parallelism between DP and CP is mainly motivated by the
observation that both D and C act as subordinators (e.g. Szabolcsi,
1994) but there is also a strong link between D and C as case-carriers
(e.g. Pesetsky & Torrego, 2001). To this I could add the observation
that both CP and DP can be the complement of a preposition.

Abney, S. (1987). The English noun phrase in its sentential aspect, PhD
thesis, MIT. MIT Working Papers in Linguistics.

Alexiadou, A. and Wilder, C. (eds) (1998). Possessors, Predicates and Move-
ment in the Determiner Phrase, Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today,
Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Belletti, A. and Rizzi, L. (eds) (1996). Parameters and functional heads:
essays in comparative syntax, Oxford studies in comparative syntax,
New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press.

Bernstein, J. (2001). The DP hypothesis: identifying clausal properties in
the nominal domain, in M. Baltin and C. Collins (eds), The Handbook
of Contemporary Syntactic Theory, Malden, Mass./Oxford: Blackwell
Publishers, chapter 17, pp. 536-561.

Burton, S. (1997). Past tense as death, destruction and loss, NELS.

Cardinaletti, A. (1997). Subjects and clause structure, in L. Haegeman
(ed.), The New Comparative Syntax, London: Longman, pp. 33-63.

Cardinaletti, A. (2000). Towards a cartography of subject positions. ms.
Universit a di Venezia/SSLMIt Universit a di Bologna.

Cardinaletti, A. and Starke, M. (1999). The typology of structural defi-
ciency: A case study of the three classes of pronouns, in H. v. Riemsdijk
(ed.), Clitics in the Languages of Europe, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter,
pp. 145-233.

Carstens, V. (2000). Concord in minimalist theory, Linguistic Inquiry
31(2): 319-355.

Carstens, V. (2001). Multiple agreement and case deletion: against phi-
(in)completeness, Syntax 4(3): 147-163.

Cinque, C., Koster, J., Pollock, J. and Zanuttini, R. (eds) (1994). Paths
Towards Universal Grammar: Essays in honor of Richard S. Kayne,
Washington, D.C. : Georgetown University Press.

Cinque, G. (1994). On the evidence for partial N-movement in the Romance
DP, in C. Cinque, J. Koster, J. Pollock and R. Zanuttini (eds), Paths
Towards Universal Grammar: Essays in honor of Richard S. Kayne,
Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, pp. 85-110.

Collins, C. (2001). Aspects of the Plurality in Hoan, Language 77(3): 456-

Delsing, L.-O. (1993). The Internal Structure of Noun Phrases in the Scan-
dinavian Languages: a Comparative Study, PhD thesis, University of

Delsing, L.-O. (1998). Possession in Germanic, in A. Alexiadou and
C. Wilder (eds), Possessors, Predicates and Movement in the Deter-
miner Phrase, Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 87-108.

Dikken, M. d. (1998). Predicate Inversion in DP, in A. Alexiadou and
C. Wilder (eds), Possessors, Predicates and Movement in the Deter-
miner Phrase, Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 177-

Grohmann, K. and Haegeman, L. (2002). Resuming reflexives. Paper pre-
sented at the 19th Scandinavian Conference of Linguistics.

Haegeman, L. (2000). Remote Possessors and Possessor Movement in West
Flemish? Relating Nominal Periphery to Clausal Periphery. Paper
presented at the Conference on Peripheral Positions, University of York.

Haegeman, L. (ed.) (1997). The New Comparative Syntax, London: Long-

Lecarme, J. (1996). Tense in the Nominal System: the Somali DP, in
J. Lecarme, J. Lowenstamm and U. Shlonsky (eds), Studies in Afroasi-
atic Grammar, The Hague : Holland Academic Graphics.

Lecarme, J. (1997). Nominal tense and tense theory, in J. M. Marandin
and C. Sorin (eds), Empirical Issues in Formal Syntax and Semantics
2, The Hague: Holland Academic Graphics.

Lecarme, J., Lowenstamm, J. and Shlonsky, U. (eds) (1996). Studies in
Afroasiatic grammar, The Hague: Holland Academic Graphics.

Lefebvre, C. (1998). Creole genesis and the acquisition of grammar : the
case of Haitian creole, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Marandin, J. M. and Sorin, C. (eds) (1997). Empirical Issues in Formal
Syntax and Semantics 2, The Hague: Holland Academic Graphics.

Matthewson, L. and Davis, H. (1995). The structure of DP in St?at?imcets
(Lillooet Salish). ms. University of British Columbia.

Ogawa, Y. (2001). A unified theory of verbal and nominal projections, Oxford
Studies in Comparative Syntax, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pereltsvaig, A. (2001). On the Nature of Intra-Clausal Relations: A Study
of Copular Sentences in Russian and Italian, PhD thesis, McGill Uni-

Pesetsky, D. and Torrego, E. (2001). T-to-C movement: causes and conse-
quences, in M. Kenstowicz (ed.), Ken Hale: a Life in Language, Cam-
bridge, MA: MIT Press.

Radford, A. (2000). NP shells. Essex Research Reports in Linguistics, vol.
33, p. 2-22.

Rappaport, G. (2001). The Geometry of the Polish Nominal Phrase: Prob-
lems, Progress, and Prospects, in Banski, Piotr and Przepi4orkowski,
Adam (ed.), Generative Linguistics in Poland: Syntax and Morphosyn-
tax, Warsaw: Polish Academy of Sciences, pp. 173-189.

Riemsdijk, H. v. (ed.) (1999). Clitics in the Languages of Europe, Berlin:
Mouton de Gruyter.

Ritter, E. (1991). Two functional categories in noun phrases: evidence
from Modern Hebrew, in S. D. Rothstein (ed.), Perspectives on Phrase
Structure: Heads and Licensing, Vol. 25 of Syntax and Semantics, San
Diego: Academic Press, pp. 37-62.

Schoorlemmer, M. (1998). Possessors, articles and definiteness, in A. Alex-
iadou and C. Wilder (eds), Possessors, Predicates and Movement in
the Determiner Phrase, Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today, Amster-
dam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 56-86.

Siloni, T. (1990). On the parallelism between CP and DP: The case of
Hebrew semi-relatives, Proceedings of LCJL 1, pp. 135-153.

Siloni, T. (1996). Hebrew noun phrases: Generalized noun raising, in A. Bel-
letti and L. Rizzi (eds), Parameters and functional heads: essays in
comparative syntax, New York, N.Y., [etc.]: Oxford University Press.

Sportiche, D. (1990). Movement, agreement and case. ms. UCLA.

Szabolcsi, A. (1983). The possessor that ran away from home, The Linguistic
Review 1: 89-102.

Szabolcsi, A. (1987). Functional categories in the noun phrase, in Kene-
sei, Istv4an (ed.), Approaches to Hungarian, Vol. Vol 2: theories and
analyses, Szeged: Jate, pp. 167-189.

Szabolcsi, A. (1994). The noun phrase, in F. Kiefer and K. Kiss (eds), The
Syntactic Structure of Hungarian, Vol. 27 of Syntax and Semantics, San
Diego: Academic Press, pp. 197-174.

Tang, S.-W. (1999). Some speculations about the syntax of noun phrases.
Francesca Del Gobbo and Hidehito Hoshi eds. UCI Working Papers in
Linguistics 5, 135-154.

Travis, L. d. and Lamontagne, G. (1992). The Case Filter and licensing of
empty K, Canadian Journal of Linguistics 37(2): 157-174.

Valois, D. (1991). The internal syntax of DP and adjective placement in
French and English, in T. Sherer (ed.), NELS 21, pp. 367-382.

Wiese, H. (1998). Zur Parallelit(at von Nominalgruppen und S(atzen: Seman-
tiche Argumente f(ur den "sentential aspects of noun phrases", Sprache
und Pragmatik 45.

This list is also available on my website at

I have put the references on that web page, and I have also added
links to a .txt file and a .pdf file with the references. Furthermore,
for those using LaTeX and BibTeX, I have included a link to a .bib
file with the references.

Joost Kremers
University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Department of Arabic and Islam

Erasmusplein 1
PO Box 9103
6500 HD Nijmegen, The Netherlands

LL Issue: 13.2355
Date Posted: 18-Sep-2002
Original Query: Read original query


Sums main page