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Thanks for my many helpers. Here's some of what they said:
Arne Martinus Lindstad <firstname.lastname@example.org>
There is a new book out by Peter W. Culicover "Syntactic
Nuts" (Oxford University Press 1999), where he among other
things discusses the syntactic category of certain
complementisers and/or prepositions.
Anthea Fraser Gupta <email@example.com>
In many languages they [complementizers] are drawn from
other, more basic word classes.
In the Indo-European languages in general the interrogative
words tend to be used as complementizers.
In Old-English (as in other IE languages) there was a link
between pronouns and demonstratives. In OE many
conjunctions were made up of
combinations of prepositions and demonstratives. A good
book to read on the history of English in general is the one
by Pyles & Algeo, which also has an accompanying workbook
that explores some of these issues.
William Morris <firstname.lastname@example.org>
I highly recommend the following paper:
Dan Jackson (1998) The historical origins of the that-trace
effect. (0.9Megs) To appear in Linguistic Notes from La
Elly VanGeldern? <email@example.com>
Complementizers typically derive (grammaticalize) from
determiners and prepositions.
Thanks again and have a very merry Christmas!
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