[summary] present perfect (corrected)
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I posted a summary for present perfect puzzle a few weeks ago, but I must
correct part of it.
The original question is:
Whether present perfect forms and simple past forms are freely
interchangeable in languages where the adverbs can be used in present
To this question, I wrote as follows:
The answer is NO. Simple past and present perfect forms are not generally
interchangeable, but there is some dialectual variation within a language.
For example, the simple past is preferred to the present perfect in
Northern dialect of Italian while the reverse happens in Southern dialects.
Correction (corrected part is capitalized):
The answer is NO. [...] the simple past is preferred to the present
perfect in SOUTHERN dialects of Italian while the reverse happens in
I am grateful to Dieter Vermandere and Salvatore Mele for pointing out this
I recieved other responses to the summary posted. Thanks aslo go to
Hendrik, Lloyd Anderson, Hartmut Haberland, and Dr. Joachim Ballweg, who
gave me helpful comments and suggestions.
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