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Summary Details


Query:   Linking elements in compounds
Author:  Andrea Krott
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Morphology
Syntax

Summary:   DEAR ALL,

SOME TIME AGO I ASKED FOR INFORMATION ABOUT LANGUAGES THAT USE LINKERS
IN COMPOUNDS. I AM VERY THANKFUL TO EVERYBODY WHO RESPONDED. BELOW YOU
CAN FIND A LIST OF ALL THE LANGUAGES I WAS POINTED TO. FOR EACH
LANGUAGE I ADDED THE NAME(S) OF THE PERSON(S) WHO TOLD ME ABOUT IT, A
SHORT DESCRIPTION, AND (IF POSSIBLE) REFERENCES.


PEOPLE WHO RESPONDED TO MY QUERY:

LAURIE BAUER
KRISTINE BENTZEN
ANTONIETTA BISETTO
EVA BREINDL
BOZENA CETNAROWSKA
HENNO BRANDSMA
ANDREW CARSTAIRS-MCCARTHY
DOUG COOPER
JAN ENGH
JACO GELDENHUYS
JILA GHOMESHI
CHRIS GOLSTON
PIUS TEN HACKEN
ESTHER HERRERA
LARS JOHANSON
SATOSHI STANLEY KOIKE
RICHARD LAURENT
ANDREW MCINTYRE
INGMARIE MELLENIUS
VIKTOR I. PEKAR
ASYA PERELTSVAIG
LINDA RASHIDI
NORVIN W RICHARDS
JASON ROBERTS
DANKO SIPKA
ERICA SMALE
AARON SMITH
JOAN SMITH/KOCAMAHHUL
R'EMY VIREDAZ
CECIL WARD


LIST OF LANGUAGES:
- ----------------

1.1 GERMANIC

- AFRIKAANS

LAURIE BAUER
ANDREW CARSTAIRS-MCCARTHY
JACO GELDENHUYS
ERICA SMALE

AFRIKAANS NOMINALL COMPOUNDS HAVE THE LINKERS -S- AND -E-.
THEY ARE VERY SIMILAR TO THE DUTCH LINKERS.

SEE:
R.P. BOTHA (1968): THE FUNCTION OF THE LEXICON IN TRANSFORMATIONAL
GENERATIVE GRAMMAR. THE HAGUE: MOUTON.

- WEST FRISIAN
HENNO BRANDSMA

WEST FRISIAN HAS NOMINAL COMPOUNDS WITH -S-, -E- AND DIM (DIMINUTIVE
SUFFIX) AND NO LINKER (PLUS OTHER NOT PRODUCTIVE LINKERS LIKE -EN).
THE -E- IS PHONOLOGICAL NOT IDENTICAL TO PLURAL SUFFIX -EN AS IT IS
IN DUTCH. THE CHOICE OF THE LINKER IS SOMETIMES GIVEN BY RULES (-S-
AFTER SUFFIX -ERT, AFTER NOMINAL INFINITIVES, AFTER SUFFIX -ING
<+ABSTRACT>, AND SUFFIX -ER <+LEVEND>). OFTEN THERE ARE ONLY
TENDENCIES (SEE SUFFIXES -HEID, -DOM ETC.). THE LINKER -EN- IS ONLY
POSSIBLE IF THE PLURAL SUFFIX OF THE FIRST CONSTITUENT IS -EN- OR IF
THERE IS AN EMPTY PLURAL ENDING.

SEE:
JARICH HOEKSTRA (1998): FRYSKE WURDFOARMING. FRYSKE AKADEMY, LJOUWERT.

- GERMAN
EVA BREINDL
ANDREW MCINTYRE

GERMAN HAS NOUN-NOUN COMPOUNDS WITH THE LINKING MORPHEMES -S-, -N-,
-ER-, AND -E- WHICH ARE ORIGINALLY GENITIVE SINGULAR OR PLURAL MORPHEMES.
THEY ARE SYNCHRONICALLY NOT NECCESSARILY INTERPRETED AS SUCH. SOME
OF THEM ARE DISTRIBUTED ACCORDING TO GRAMMATICAL RULES.

SEE:
FLEISCHER, WOLFGANG/BARZ, IRMHILD (1995): WORTBILDUNG, 2.
AUFLAGE, T?N: NIEMYER, P. 136-143 WITH REFERENCES TO SPECIAL
LITERATURE ON THE SUBJECT (ZEPIC 1970, AUGST 1975, WURZEL 1970,
WELLMANN/REINDL/FAHRMAIER 1974, GRUBE 1976).

DEMSKE, U., 1995. WORD VS. PHRASE STRUCTURE: THE RISE OF GENITIVE
COMPOUNDS IN GERMAN. FAS PAPERS IN LINGUISTICS VOL 3. 1-28. (THIS IS
WORTH READING)

- SWEDISH
LAURIE BAUER
LARS JOHANSON
INGMARIE MELLENIUS (WHO KINDLY SENT
ME HER THESIS ABOUT

LL Issue: 10.1477
Date Posted: 07-Oct-1999
Original Query: Read original query