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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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Summary Details

Query:   Corpus Linguistics and Frequency
Author:  Peyton Todd
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Text/Corpus Linguistics

Summary:   Many thanks to Roger Levy, Maria Giagkou, Balint Tanos, Aida Zitouni, Holly
Jacobson, Cedric Krummes, Karen Englander, Gill Philip, Martin Volk, N.
Wiedenmann, and Josh Viau for their answers to my recent query regarding
sources of information about corpus linguistics and frequency. In further
expression of my gratitude, and as a boon to others sharing my interest, I
provide below a summary of the replies I received.

Peyton Todd


1. Baker, Paul (2006). Using Corpora in Discourse Analysis. London:
Continuum, 0-8264-7725-9

2. Biber, Douglas. Dimensions of Register Variation using
Multifeature/multidimensional analysis.

3. Hunston, S. & G.Francis, Pattern Grammar (J. Benjamins)

4. Meyer, Charles F. (2002). English Corpus Linguistics: An Introduction .
Cambridge University Press. (ISBN: 052100490X)

5. Roland, Douglas, Frederic Dick, and Jeffrey L. Elman (2007). Frequency
of basic English grammatical structures: A corpus analysis. Journal of
Memory and Language 57(3):348-379.

6. Sinclair, John. Reading Concordances.

7. Sinclair, John. Trust the Text.

Also, 'the works of Joan Bybee', listed at http://www.unm.edu/~jbybee/


1. Bank of English (= Collins, below)

2. British National Corpus: http://www.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/

3. Collins WordbanksOnline concordance sampler

4. Introductory website:

5. Linguistic Data Consortium (LDC) at the University of Pennsylvania.WebSearch

6. Phrases in English: http://pie.usna.edu/, which uses the BNC

7. http://childes.psy.cmu.edu/

8. http://www.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/

9. TIGER-Search (freely available from the University of Stuttgart)

10.The Penn Treebank (for English).


1. The TextSTAT (free):

2. The WordSmith Tools (not free, but inexpensive):

3. AntConc: downloadable for free at:

4. ConcApp: available from www.edict.com.hk/PUB/concapp/


1. Corpora@uib.no


Prof. Dr. Dietmar Zaefferer,
Ludwig-Maximilians-University at Munich, Germany
(who is very friendly) who has data on all languages of the world
(Computational Linguistics)

LL Issue: 18.3088
Date Posted: 22-Oct-2007
Original Query: Read original query


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