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Summary Details


Query:   Voicing-conditioned vowel alternations
Author:  Elliott Moreton
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   General Linguistics
Phonetics
Phonology

Summary:   DEAR LINGUISTS:

THANKS TO EVERYONE WHO REPLIED TO MY QUERY ABOUT VOWEL QUALITY
ALTERNATIONS CONDITIONED BY THE VOICING SPECIFICATION OF ADJACENT
CONSONANTS: DAVE ODDEN, PAUL JOHNSTON, THORSTEN SCHROTER, MICHAEL
JOHNSTONE, PAUL BOERSMA, MARY PASTER, REMY VIREDAZ, DIETER WUNDERLICH,
GEOFFREY S. NATHAN, WOLFGANG M. SCHULTZE, PRICE CALDWELL, TOBIAS SCHEER,
AND VIKTOR TRON. TO THE EXAMPLES I ALREADY HAD FROM ENGLISH (CANADIAN
RAISING/SOUTHERN MONOPHTHONGIZATION) AND POLISH (MORPHOPHONEMIC U/O
ALTERNATION), THEY ADDED SOME FROM NILOTIC, MADURESE, SCOTS, SHETLANDIC
SCOTS, BUCHAN SCOTS, YAKUT, MAASTRICHT LIMBURGIAN, AND CZECH. THEY ALSO
MADE SHORT WORK OF MY PUTATIVE DIACHRONIC GERMAN EXAMPLE. A SUMMARY IS
APPENDED.

I'M INTERESTED IN THIS BECAUSE OF AN ARTICLE BY ERIK THOMAS IN THE JOURNAL
OF PHONETICS IN 2000, IN WHICH HE RAISES THE POSSIBILITY THAT THERE IS
HYPERARTICULATIOON BEFORE VOICELESS OBSTRUENTS. I THINK THIS IS RIGHT.
VOICELESS OBSTRUENTS ARE THEMSELVES HYPERARTICULATED (REVIEW: MADDIESON &
LADEFOGED _PATTERNS OF SOUNDS_ 1996:95-99). IN ENGLISH, MID AND LOW
VOWELS BECOME LOWER BEFORE VOICELESS (SUMMERS 1987 JASA, WOLF 1979 JPHON,
FUJIMURA & MILLER 1979 PHONETICA), WITH MORE LOWERING CLOSER TO THE
CONSONANT. MEANWHILE, THE HIGH OFFGLIDE OF ENG. /AI/ BECOMES HIGHER
(THOMAS 2000 JPHON), AS DO THE OFFGLIDES OF /AU OI EI/ (MORETON 2001 LSA
AND IN PREP, ASK IF YOU'D LIKE A DRAFT).

SINCE THE HYPERARTICULATION OF [-VOICE] OBSTRUENTS IS WIDESPREAD, I'D
EXPECTED PHONOLOGIZED ALTERNATIONS ON THE PATTERN OF CANADIAN
RAISING/SOUTHERN MONOPHTHONGIZATION, AND POLISH, TO TURN UP IN MORE
PLACES. THE PRESENT HARVEST IS ENCOURAGING, BUT MOST OF THE
WELL-DOCUMENTED EXAMPLES ARE FROM NEAR RELATIVES OF ENGLISH AND POLISH.
THE MADURESE ALTERNATION GOES THE

LL Issue: 13.450
Date Posted: 18-Feb-2002
Original Query: Read original query