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Raciolinguistics

Edited by H. Samy Alim, John R. Rickford, and Arnetha F. Ball

Raciolinguistics "Brings together a critical mass of scholars to form a new field dedicated to theorizing and analyzing language and race together."


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Sociolinguistics from the Periphery

By Sari Pietikäinen, FinlandAlexandra Jaffe, Long BeachHelen Kelly-Holmes, and Nikolas Coupland

Sociolinguistics from the Periphery "presents a fascinating book about change: shifting political, economic and cultural conditions; ephemeral, sometimes even seasonal, multilingualism; and altered imaginaries for minority and indigenous languages and their users."


Summary Details


Query:   Anti-Perfect
Author:  Guillermo Soto
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   General Linguistics

Summary:   SOME DAYS AGO, I POSTED A QUERY ASKING FOR STUDIES ON GRAMMATICAL DEVICES
THAT SIGNAL THAT A PAST SITUATION IS NOT RELEVANT TO THE SPEECH SITUATION,
A MEANING THAT, I THOUGHT, COULD BE CALLED 'ANTI-PERFECT' (AP). DMITRY
GERASIMOV, TIMUR MAISAK, MARK A. MANDEL, MARTIN MANGEI, CHAD DOUGLAS NILEP,
JURGIS PAKERIS, MARINA SHERKINA-LIEBE, DOROTA SIKORA, AND RUDY TROIKE GAVE
VALUABLE RESPONSES TO MY QUERY, AND I'M OBLIGED TO THEM FOR THAT.

THE MOST CITED WORK IN THE RESPONSES IS A. V. PLUNGIAN & J. VAN DER AUWERA
(2006), ''TOWARDS A TYPOLOGY OF DISCONTINUOUS PAST MARKING,''
SPRACHTYPOLOGIE UND UNIVERSALIENFORSCHUNG, 59, 4, 317-349. DISCONTINUOUS
PAST (DP) SEEMS TO COVER THE TYPE OF MEANING I'VE CALLED AP.

SOME CONTRIBUTORS PROPOSED THAT PLUPERFECT, REMOTE OR 'MYTHICAL' PAST CAN
BE THOUGHT AS A KIND OF AP; AN IDEA COMPATIBLE WITH DP. ONE LINGUIST
PROPOSED THAT AP CAN BE RELATED TO IRREALIS. THOUGH IRREALIS IS NOT AN
ASPECT BUT A MODALITY OR MOOD, INTERESTINGLY IT INCLUDES BOTH HYPOTHETICAL
AND COUNTER-FACTUAL MEANINGS, WHICH ARE ALSO FOUND IN DP.

SOME CONTRIBUTORS EXEMPLIFIED THE PUTATIVE AP MEANING WITH CONSTRUCTIONS IN
ENGLISH: ''HE WAS TO SPEAK YESTERDAY, BUT BECAME ILL AND COULDN'T COME''
(RUDY TROIKE).

IN CONCLUSION, THERE IS A GRAMMATICAL DEVICE THAT COVERS WHAT I'VE CALLED
AP: DP. NEVERTHELESS, I'M NOT SURE THAT THIS IS REALLY A PAST TENSE. IT
SEEMS TO BE A KIND OF RETROSPECTIVE ASPECT, IN THE SENSE OF DIK (1997). I
THOUGHT IT COULD BE CALLED AP BECAUSE ITS USES ARE THE OPPOSITES OF THOSE
THAT, AFTER MACCAWLEY (1971), HAVE BEEN ASSOCIATED WITH PERFECT. ANYWAY,
SCHEMATICALLY, SO CALLED AP (OR DP) AND PERFECTS SHARE THE SAME BASIC
RETROSPECTIVE MEANING. OF COURSE, IT IS NOT AN EASY (OR EVEN PROFITABLE)
TASK TO MAKE A STRICT DISTINCTION IN TENSE-ASPECT-MOOD CATEGORIES.

LL Issue: 20.2197
Date Posted: 16-Jun-2009
Original Query: Read original query