Featured Linguist!

Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

Donate Now | Visit the Fund Drive Homepage

Amount Raised:


Still Needed:


Can anyone overtake Syntax in the Subfield Challenge ?

Grad School Challenge Leader: University of Washington

Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info

New from Oxford University Press!


What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

New from Cambridge University Press!


Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.

Summary Details

Query:   Mixed Conditional Sentences
Author:  Kenji Kashino
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Semantics

Summary:   Dear linguists,

On November 11 I posted a question (Linguist 14.3084) about mixed
conditional sentences on Linguist List. My question was:

I would like to know the acceptability of examples (8)--(11).

(8) If he weren't such a terrible bore, we'd certainly have visited
him more often while he was here.

(9) She was so high-keyed that if she smoked she would have been a
chain smoker.

(10) He would have gone right into your bedroom if I didn't stop him.

(11) If she were working for Bill, he would have protected her with a
reasonably plausible story.

I received ten emails. I would like to thank the following people:
Kim Schulte, Mike Matloff, Lisa King, Bruce Deapain, Chris
Johns,Rudolph C. Troike, Nick Sobin, Tamara Nicol, Toby Paff, Laura
Callahan The result of my survey is as follows:

* ? OK NO responses
(8) 0 0 9 1
(9) 0 1 8 1
(10) 1 5 3 1
(11) 0 1 8 1

>From this result it is clear that (8) is highest and (10) is lowest
on the scale of acceptability.

I also received suggestions from Toby Paff about the differences in
social and class dialects.

Thank you very much.

Kenji Kashino
Professor of English Linguistics
Osaka Shoin Women's University , Japan

LL Issue: 14.3148
Date Posted: 17-Nov-2003
Original Query: Read original query


Sums main page