Featured Linguist!

Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



Donate Now | Visit the Fund Drive Homepage

Amount Raised:

$33618

Still Needed:

$41382

Can anyone overtake Syntax in the Subfield Challenge ?

Grad School Challenge Leader: University of Washington


Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info


New from Oxford University Press!

ad

What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


New from Cambridge University Press!

ad

Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Summary Details


Query:   Surface Glides
Author:  Susannah Levi
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Language Documentation

Summary:   I recently posted a question about languages without surface glides
(Linguist 14.2075). I am including excerpts from the responses (4)
below. Thanks to those who replied:

****Response 1: Doutor Antnio Henrique de Albuquerque Emiliano

In European Portuguese gliding of the high vowels /i/ and /u/ occurs
in fast tempo speech.
E.g. ''piada'' (joke) becomes ''p[j]ada'', ''luar'' (moonlight) becomes
''l[w]ar''.
SAMPA: [pi.''a.d6] vs. [''pja.d6]; [lu.''ar] vs. [''lwar]
For SAMPA go to:
http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/sampa/portug.htm

****Response 2: Ivan A Derzhanski
Georgian comes to mind (if my impression is correct, and in this case
others are sure to nominate it as well). --

****Response 3: Ante Aikio
Nganasan (a Uralic language belonging to the Samoyedic branch) may
come close to the kind of language you are looking for. Nganasan has
been analyzed as having one semivowel phoneme, /j/, but to my
knowledge it only occurs in syllable-final position,
i.e. preconsonantally and finally after a vowel: cf. e.g. /kojmu/
'marrow', /kojk/ 'idol' ( = schwa), /tuj/ 'fire', /ngoj/ 'foot' (ng =
velar nasal). Furthermore, it would appear to be possible to treat
this glide as an allophone of the voiced palatalized stop /d/, which
does not occur in these positions.

Disyllabic sequences of two vowels are very common in Nganasan, and as
far as I understand, no glide is ever inserted between the two vowels.

Eugene Helimski (1998). Nganasan. -- In: Daniel Abondolo (ed.), The
Uralic Languages, pp. 480-515. Routledge Language Family
Descriptions. London / New York.

N. M. Tershchenko 1979. Nganasanskij jazyk. Leningrad, ''Nauka'',
Leningradskoe otdelenie.

****Response 4: Mark Donohue

Tukang Besi has no phonemic glides, and allows glide formation only
optionally for unitial i immediately preceding a stressed vowel, as in
/iaku/ [i'aku] ~ ['jaku] 'I, me'

but intervocalically they remain stubbornly syllabic:
/baiara/ [''bai'ara], *[ba'jara]

Donohue, Mark. 1999. A grammar of Tukang Besi. Berlin: Mouton De
Gruyter.

LL Issue: 14.2186
Date Posted: 19-Aug-2003
Original Query: Read original query


Back

Sums main page