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Summary Details

Query:   Stressed Syllables
Author:  Stefan Th. Gries
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Phonology

Summary:   Dear colleagues

About two weeks ago I posted a query to the list (Linguist 14.329), asking for help concerning (i) the pronunciation (the stress pattern) of some fairly infrequent words and (ii) sources providing stress patterns of similarly infrequent words. I received a variety of replies concerning both questions. Some people sent me their intuitions as to the stress patterns of the words mentioned in my query - others even took the time to look up (some of) these words in dictionaries and sent me their results. Interestingly, the responses exhibit an unexpectedly large degree of variability both within the intuition replies and within the intuition vs. dictionary replies. Therefore, I have decided to sumnmarise the replies separately so that those who are interested get an idea of the nature of the variation.

In the following two lists, apostrophes precede syllables bearing primary stress. Each apostrophe stands for one judgement, demonstrating the degree to which particular judgements are supported.

- --------
i''''mi'''pramine lu'te'''o'''steron

In the following list of dictionary-based replies, the dictionaries from which the information is quoted are mentioned in parentheses

- ----------
al''karsin (OED)
'''an''dradite (OED, Collins English Dict Mill ed., American Heritage Dict.)
'''''ecdysis (OED, Collins English Dict Mill ed., American Heritage Dict.)
e'lectropho'''resis (Longman pronouncing dict., OED: stress at the fron of the word), American Heritage Dict. (stress at the back opf the word)
em'bour'geoisement (Longman pronouncing dict., American Heritage Dict.: frontal stress) i'''''mi'ramine (OED, Collins English Dict Mill ed., American Heritage Dict.) luteosteron '''oxime (OED, Longman pronouncing dict.)
'''palmitate (American Heritage Dict.)
peridine py''''rethrin (Longman pronouncing dict., American Heritage Dict.)

Finally, the following sources (some of which have already been quoted above) have been pointed out to me. Webster Unabridged Dictionary Kenyon & Knott Pronouncing Dictionary Daniel Jones Pronouncing Dictionary American Heritage Dict. (CD 4th ed.) John C. Wells's Longman Pronouncing Dictionary.

Thanks a lot to the following colleagues who provided me with the above replies (in alphabetical order): Julian Bradfield, Mike Cahill, Charles E. Cairns, Laura Callahan, Ronald Cosper, Michael A. Covington, Kenneth Dickson, Peter Finn, Maria Gouskova, Jason Lilley, Winston Lin, Tivoli Majors, Mike Maxwell, Karen Milligan, Bruce Moren, Geoff Nathan, Helen Tebble, Maziar Doustdar Toosarvandani, Max Wheeler, Ghil`ad Zuckermann, Kevin.

Stefan Th. Gries
IFKI, Southern Denmark University

LL Issue: 14.449
Date Posted: 14-Feb-2003
Original Query: Read original query


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