Orthography & segmentation of spoken language
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Re: (Linguist 14.372)
I received the following responses:
Studies on the relationship between orthography and speech production Wells, S. (1995). A speech error investigation of the impact of orthography on Japanese speech production. Papers from the 31st Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistics Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 478-89
Studies on the relationship between orthography and phoneme awareness Read, C. A., Zhang, Y., Nie, H., & Ding, B. (1987). The ability to manipulate speech sounds depends on knowing alphabetic reading. Cognition, 24, 31-44. Authors found that prior learning of Roman/Latin alphabet affected Chinese speakers' performance in certain phonemic awareness tasks.
Studies on children's segmentation of sentences Leong,C. K. (1991). >From phonemic awareness to phonological processing to language access in children developing reading proficiency. In D. J. Sawyer & B. J. Fox (Eds.), Phonological Awareness in Reading: The Evolution of Current Perspectives. New York: Springer-Verlag. Mann, V. A. (1986). Phonological awareness: The role of reading experience. Cognition, 24, 65-92.
Both of the studies found that Japanese children can segment into syllables and not phonemes as a result of their syllable-based writing system.
Phoneme monitoring studies
Ooijen, B. van, Cutler, A. & Norris, D. (1992). Detection of vowels and consonants with minimal acoustic variation. Speech Communication, 11, 101-108 (in English)
Authors found that words such as music, pew, fuse ([muuzIk], [pju], [fjuz]), which include phonemes with no reflection in the orthography are often missed.
Cutler, A., Ooijen, B. van, Norris, D. & Sanchez-Casas, R. (1996). Speeded detection of vowels: A cross-linguistic study. Perception & Psychophysics, 58, 807-822.
This study showed evidence that schwa is much harder to detect than full vowels.
Cutler, A., Treiman, R. & Ooijen, B. van (1998). Orthografik inkoncistensy ephekts in foneme detektion? Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, Sydney, December; vol. 6, pp. 2783-2786.
The authors found that orthographic consistency in English had no effect in phoneme monitoring whether the target sound was consistent or not (e.g., [b] always written as B or not, [f] written as F or PH) except only when the distractors were filled with many unusually spelled words.
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