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Summary Details

Query:   Gender Differences in Non-Verbal Communication
Author:  Michal Lisecki
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Sociolinguistics

Summary:   Dear LinguistList subscribers,

I am very sorry to have kept you waiting so long for my reply! My free
provider changed its policy a couple of months ago and accepted so many new
users that it became almost impossible to log into their mail servers. As
internet access in Poland is still a matter of high expenses I decided to
change to a commercial account and so I gave up using the free account.
However, I did set up a mail redirection request which obviously didn't
work at all as it turned out a week ago when I logged on - tons of emails
which kept lying there for a couple of months!!! I am sorry to all of
you whose messages were left unanswered!

Coming back to my query on gender differences in non-verbal communication
Linguist 12.91

In the course of working on the subject I realized (actually, it was my
supervisor who made me realize) that I would have to change the
emphasis of my work. Thus I did not work so much on gender differences as
such. However, I did receive some quite interesting replies to my query and
I would like to share them with you.

I would like to thank the following people for making their contribution:

Ruth Stepherson
Frank Hodgson
Marianthi Makri-Tsilipakou
Cheris Kramarae
Pete Unseth
Fabienne H. Baider
Laurence Horn

and to all those who did reply to my query but their mail didn't reach me
because of the above mentioned IPS problems.

- ----------------------------
Ruth stepherson provided me with her precious bibliography on gender
linguistics in electronic communication which I share with you here.

Baron, Naomi. ''Letters by Phone or Speech by Other Means: The Linguistics
of Email.'' Language & Communication. 18 (1998) 133-170.

- -. Writing in the Age of Email: The Impact of Ideology Versus
Technology. Proc. of the Tenth Annual Writing and Computers Conference. Sept. 1997.
Brighton: U. of Brighton, 1998.

Civin, Michael. Male, Female, Email: The Struggle for Relatedness in a
Paranoid Society. New York: Other Press, 2000.

Gifford, Lorna. Graduate Students' Perceptions of Time Spent in Taking a
course by Internet vs Taking a Course in a Regular Classroom. Proc. Of The Mid-South
Educational Research Association Annual Meeting. 4-6 Nov. New Orleans:
Northwestern State U, 1998.

Hurme, Pertti. Learning to Use Computers for Future Communication
Professions. Proc. of the National Communication Association Convention. 21-24 Nov. 1998.
Jyvaskyla: U. of Jyvaskyla, 1998.

James, Maureen and Liz Rykert. From Workplace To Workspace: Using Email
Lists to Work Together. Ottawa: International Research Centre, 1998.

Johnson, Kevin. Internet Email Protocols: A Developer's Guide. Mass.:
Addison-Wesley, 2000.

Kersten, Larry and Stephen Phillips. ''Electronic Identities: The Strategic
Use of Email For Impression Management.'' Proc. of The Annual Meeting of the Western
Speech Communication Association. 21-25 Feb. Boise: U of Southern Calf.
& U of Montana, 1992.

Lamb, Linda and Jerry Peek. What You Need To Know: Using Email
Effectively. Sebastopol: O'Reilly & Associates, Inc., 1995.

Savicki, Victor and Merle Kelley. ''Computer Mediated Communication: Gender
and Group Composition.'' CyberPsychology & Behavior 3.5 (2000): 817-826.

Smith, C. D., H.E. Whiteley, and S. Smith. ''Using Email for Teaching.''
Computers & Education. 33 (1999) 15-25.

Spooner, Michael, and Kathleen Yancy. ''Postings on a Genre of Email.''
College Composition and Communications. 47.2 (May 1996): 252-278.

Sterne, Jim and Anthony Priore. Email Marketing: Using Email to reach Your
Target Audience and Build Customer Relationships. New York: John Wiley & Sons
Inc., 2000.

Tunstall, Joan. Better, Faster Email: Getting the most out of email.
Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1999.

Warren, Ron, Kim Reid, and Kathy Krendl. Building Communication
Environments in Distance Education. Proc. of The Instructional Development Division of the
Speech Communication Association. 1997. Bloomington: U of Indiana, 1997.

- ----------------------------
Frank Hodgson suggested taking a look at where one might
find some audio files with recordings of texts done in pairs (a man and a
woman both read the same text).

- ----------------------------
Some offline analysis of gender speek can also be found in 'Gendered
Panhandling?' in the International Journal of the Sociology of Language 126
(1997), p.p. 123-143, where there is a discussion of non-verbal strategies
employed by Greek beggars of both sexes.
(Marianthi Makri-Tsilipakou)
- ----------------------------

Kramarae, C. and Taylor, J. (1993) Women and men on electronic
networks: a conversation or a monologue? In _Women, Information
Technology, and Scholarship_, 52-61. Urbana, IL: Center for Advanced
Study, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

It was pointed that the above mentioned article can be accessed from Cheris
Kramarae's homepage at

- ----------------------------
Obviously most essential studies in the field can be reached at Susan
Herring's site. Having browsed a couple of relevant websites she seems to
be the best person in the know to contact. You can access her bibliography
at or contact her in
person at
You can also find a wealth of bibliographical information on the subject -
undoubtedly the best one can find.

- ----------------------------
An equally rich sources can be reached at Brenda Danet's website who's also
done an interesting research in gender bending/swapping on the internet.

- ----------------------------

Once again big thank you to all those who did respond to my query and
equally big sorry for having responded to you so late.

Michal Lisecki, PhD candidate

LL Issue: 12.2501
Date Posted: 08-Oct-2001
Original Query: Read original query


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