Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Wiley-Blackwell Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info


New from Oxford University Press!

ad

Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

By: Ernst Jahr

Provides richly detailed insight into the uniqueness of the Norwegian language development. Marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Norwegian nation following centuries of Danish rule


New from Cambridge University Press!

ad

Acquiring Phonology: A Cross-Generational Case-Study

By Neil Smith

The study also highlights the constructs of current linguistic theory, arguing for distinctive features and the notion 'onset' and against some of the claims of Optimality Theory and Usage-based accounts.


New from Brill!

ad

Language Production and Interpretation: Linguistics meets Cognition

By Henk Zeevat

The importance of Henk Zeevat's new monograph cannot be overstated. [...] I recommend it to anyone who combines interests in language, logic, and computation [...]. David Beaver, University of Texas at Austin


Summary Details


Query:   Chain shifts with epenthesis or deletion
Author:  Elliott Moreton
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Phonology

Summary:   On April 15th, 2002, we posted the following query
(http://linguistlist.org/issues/13/13-1056.html#1):

> We are searching for examples of synchronic or diachronic chain
> shifts (i.e., counterfeeding rule interactions, such that /A/->[B] while
> /B/->[C]) in which segments are inserted or deleted.

In the two months since, we have received one response. Michael Becker,
of the Tel Aviv University Linguistics Department, offered one diachronic
and one synchronic example from Arabic:

> In Egyptian Arabic, and in other dialects of Arabic,
> the glottal stops of Classical Arabic were deleted in
> the coda, with compensatory lengthening word
> internally:
>
> Classical Arabic > Egyption Arabic
>
>
> fa?r > fa:r 'mouse'
> bi?r > bi:r 'well'
>
> xubara:? > xubara 'experts'
> wuzara:? > wuzara 'ministers'
>
> (more on word-final vowels below)
>
> Now, /q/ went to /?/ across the board in Egyptian
> Arabic, so you have:
>
> faqr > fa?r 'poverty'
> saqf > sa?f 'roof'
>
> da:q > da:? 'he tasted'
> fura:q > fura:? 'separation'
>
> So you get fa?r > fa:r and farq > fa?r.
> Another possible case:
>
> Synchronically, in Egyptian arabic, word-final vowels
> are always short. However, word-final /h/s delete and
> leave a word-final long vowel behind:
>
> ?e: 'what?'
> le: 'why?'
> gato: 'cake' (from French), plural gato:ha:t
>
> The underlying /h/ of '?e:' shows up in the phrasal
> level:
> ?e:h ilkala:m da 'what is this?'
>
> In a rule based model, you will have:
> 1. V --> [-long] / _#
> 2. h --> 0 / _#

I.e., V:h# -> V:# -> V#. There is at least one segmental deletion,
that of the /h/, and a second if the V: is analyzed as VV.

We are interested in epenthesis and deletion in synchronic chain
shifts because we have theoretical reasons to believe that chain
shifts involving both epenthesis and deletion -- AxB -> AB -> AzB
-- are not possible. We have examined 35 (purported) chain-shift
cases without finding one.

However, we also expect chain shifts with only deletion
(AxyB->AyB->AB) or only epenthesis (AB->AyB->AyzB) to be
possible. So far we have found 3 clear examples of the former
(in Catalan, Chemehuevi, and Hidatsa), but none of the latter.
Most chain shifts apparently do not involve epenthesis or
deletion at all.

For a fuller discussion (including the 35 chain shifts),
please see our paper

Moreton, E., and P. Smolensky (2002). Typological
consequences of local constraint conjunction. To appear in:
L. Mikkelsen and C. Potts (eds.), _Proceedings of the West
Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics (WCCFL) 21_.
Cambridge, MA:: Cascadilla Press.

A slightly expanded version is on the Rutgers Optimality Archive:
http://roa.rutgers.edu/files/525-0602/525-0602-MORETON-0-0.PDF

Many thanks,
Elliott Moreton
Paul Smolensky
?...

LL Issue: 13.1815
Date Posted: 26-Jun-2002
Original Query: Read original query


Back

Sums main page