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How Traditions Live and Die

By Olivier Morin

This book brings together cognitive science and quantitative cultural history to look into the causes of cultural survival.


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The Acquisition of Heritage Languages

By Silvina Montrul

"This work centres on the grammatical development of the heritage language and the language learning trajectory of heritage speakers, synthesizing recent experimental research."


Summary Details


Query:   Consonants vs. Vowels
Author:  gina cardillo
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Phonology
Text/Corpus Linguistics

Summary:   REGARDING QUERY: HTTP://WWW.LINGUISTLIST.ORG/ISSUES/16/16-3386.HTML#2

THANK YOU TO THOSE WHO RESPONDED TO MY QUERY ABOUT THE NUMBERS OF CONTENT
WORDS BEGINNING WITH CONSONANTS VS VOWELS IN ENGLISH.

I ENDED UP USING THE MRC PSYCHOLINGUISTICS DATABASE
(HTTP://WWW.PSY.UWA.EDU.AU/MRCDATABASE/UWA_MRC.HTM).

IN THE MRC DATABASE, I DID A QUERY OF ALL PHONETIC TRANSCTIPTIONS FOR EACH
INITIAL PHONEME, AND FOUND:

7600 VOWEL- AND DIPTHONG-INITIAL WORDS
21,553 CONSONANT-INITIAL WORDS, EXCLUDING L,R,Y,W
24,828 CONSONANT-INITIAL WORDS, INCLUDING L,R,Y,W

SO, BASEDON THESE ESTIMATES, THERE ARE ABOUT 3 TIMES AS MANY
CONSONANT-INITIAL WORDS AS VOWEL-INTITAL WORDS IN ENGLISH. THIS SEARCH
INCLUDED ALL CONTENT WORDS (NOUNS, VERBS, ADJS), AND EXCLUDED PROPER NOUNS.
(THUS, NO FUNCTION WORDS.)

THE DATABASE HAS ONLY 150,837 ENTRIES, SO WHILE IT IS NOTCOMPREHENSIVE OF
THE ENTIRE ENGLISH LEXICON (WHICH ESTIMATES ABOUT 200,000 WORDS IN COMMON
USAGE, 250,000 OVERALL), IT IS FAIRLY CLOSE. NOTE--IT IS AUSTRAILIAN
ENGLISH, SO SOME OF THE VOWEL PRONUNCIATIONS THEMSELVES MAY NOT BE ENTIRELY
ACCURATE FOR SAE, BUT THE OVERALL C VS V SHOULD BE.

LL Issue: 16.3420
Date Posted: 30-Nov-2005