"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Evidentiality in Social Interaction William F. Hanks 169 – 180
Evidentials and Evidential Strategies in Interactional and Socio-Cultural Context Janis Nuckolls and Lev Michael 181 – 188
Enhancing National Solidarity through the Deployment of Verbal categories: How the Albanian Admirative Participates in the Construction of a Reliable Self and an Unreliable Other Victor A. Friedman 189 – 225
From Quotative Other to Quotative Self: Evidential Usage in Pastaza Quichua Janis Nuckolls 226 – 242
Shifting Voices, Shifting Worlds: Evidentiality, Epistemic Modality and Speaker Perspective in Quechua Oral Narrative Rosaleen Howard 243 – 269
“Watching for Witness”: Evidential Strategies and Epistemic Authority in Garrwa Conversation Ilana Mushin 270 – 293
“Who Knows Best?”: Evidentiality and Epistemic Asymmetry in Conversation Jack Sidnell 294 – 320
Nanti Self-Quotation: Implications for the Pragmatics of Reported Speech and Evidentiality Lev Michael 321 – 357