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||Working with words: Special issue on lexical processing
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The studies collected in this special issue all address the pivotal role of words in language processing. Several studies investigate quantitative properties of the lexicon. James Blevins discusses the information-theoretic turn in linguistic morphology. Whereas inflectional paradigms used to be studied from a purely formal perspective, more recently, morphologists are finding measures such as entropy and relative entropy to be useful to characterize inflectional paradigms. Csaba Pléh and colleagues apply the same measure to help predict response latencies in behavioral experiments on Hungarian. Hien Pham, in a study of conceptual relations in English compounds, also finds the relative entropy measure to be a useful quantitative tool. A relatively new topic in the psychology of language is frequency effects above the word level. This topic is addressed by Cyrus Shaoul and colleagues, who collected subjective frequency estimates for word n-grams.
Two studies address the lexicon from the perspective of learning. Michael Ramscar discusses how differences in processing between prefixes and suffixes can arise as a consequence of the sensitivity of fundamental discriminative learning principles to temporal order. Regina Henry and Victor Kuperman use age-of-acquisition norms to study the growth of lexical networks during language acquisition, with a focus on the expansion of morphological families.
Finally, two experimental studies investigate lexical processing in reading and auditory comprehension. Dušica Filipović Đurđević and colleagues document the involvement of phonological processing in silent reading by making use of the opportunities to do so offered by the bi-alphabetism of Serbian readers. Mirjana Božić and William Marslen-Wilson present an fMRI study of auditory comprehension in English. They report different neural substrates to engage in the processing of inflectional versus derivational morphology.
We dedicate this special issue to our mentor, friend, and colleague Aleksandar Kostić, who was the first to realize the importance of information theory for understanding lexical processing, and who pioneered the use of entropy measures for understanding the behavioral costs associated with working with inflected words and their paradigms.
Petar Milin and R. Harald Baayen, editors of the special issue
Table of contents (with full access to articles):
The information-theoretic turn
James P. Blevins
Suffixing, prefixing, and the functional order of regularities in meaningful strings
Entropy measures and predictive recognition as mirrored in gating and lexical decision over multimorphemic Hungarian noun forms
Csaba Pléh, Kornél Németh, Dániel Varga, Judit Fazekas, and Klára Várhelyi
Bi-alphabetism: A window on phonological processing
Dušica Filipović Đurđević, Petar Milin, and Laure Beth Feldman
Neurocognitive mechanisms for processing inflectional and derivational complexity in English
Mirjana Bozic and William D. Marslen-Wilson
Semantic relations and compound transparency: A regression study in CARIN theory
Hien Pham and R. Harald Baayen
Semantic growth of morphological families in English
Regina Henry and Victor Kuperman
The subjective frequency of word n-grams
Cyrus Shaoul, Chris F. Westbury, and R. Harald Baayen
||Drustvo Psihologa Srbije (Serbian Psychological Society)
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