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·A Logical Approach to Computational Corpus Linguistics: This page is dedicated to an approach to corpus linguistics that uses sentences of logic to express statements about texts, and inference to manipulate these sentences in order to analyse the texts.
·Aboriginal Child Language Acquisition project (Australia): This site describes the second phase of a longitudinal study into child language, and child-directed speech, in multilingual Indigenous Australian communities. The project focuses on school-aged children (at home and in the school environment) and is funded by the Australian Research Council. Our project website contains information about the research team, research plans, recent publications, and relevant links.
·Academia.edu: Dear all, I’m a Fellow in philosophy at All Souls College Oxford, where I recently finished my D.Phil on the intersection of the philosophy of language and the philosophy of perception. I’ve just launched a website, www.academia.edu, which does two things: - It displays academics around the world in a 'tree' format, according to what university/department they are affiliated with. - It enables an academic to have an easy-to-maintain academic webpage. My webpage on Academia.edu is here: http://oxford.academia.edu/RichardPrice My hope for the site is that it will list every academic – Faculty members, Post-Docs, and Graduate Students - in the world, and display where they are working. I also hope people will use the site to keep track of what people in their field are working on. Linguistics is currently one of the most active research interests on Academia.edu, with people in 13 different sub-research interests: Composition Studies Computational Linguistics / Natural Language Processing Discourse Analysis Historical Linguistics History Of Linguistics Interlinguistics Languages Morphology Philology Phonetics Phonology Pragmatics Rhetoric Semantics Semiotics Sociolinguistics Syntax I’m trying to spread the word about www.academia.edu, so, if you have a minute, please visit the site, and add yourself to your department. If your department/university is not there, you can add it/them by clicking on the arrows coming out of the department/university boxes. And do spread the word to your friends and colleagues if you can. Many thanks, Richard Dr. Richard Price, Prize Fellow, All Souls College, Oxford, OX1 4AL http://oxford.academia.edu/RichardPrice
·Academy of the Hebrew Language: The official site of the Academy of the Hebrew Language
·ACQUILEX Project on Computational Lexicons and Lexicography: The Acquilex projects were funded by the European Commission under the Basic Research initiative. The goal of the first project was to explore the utility of constructing a multilingual lexical knowledge base from machine-readable versions of conventional dictionaries. The second project extended this goal by exploring the utility of machine readable textual corpora as a source of lexical information not coded in conventional dictionaries, and by adding dictionary publishing partners to exploit the lexical database and corpus extraction software developed by the projects for conventional lexicography.
·AESLA - Asociación Española de Lingüística Aplicada: Site of the Spanish Association of Applied Linguistics (AILA associate).
·After the Deadline - English Authoring Aid: After the Deadline is an intelligent proofreading software service for English. This technology uses a statistical language model and neural networks to check spelling, confused words, style, and grammar. After the Deadline is available for use with Firefox, WordPress, and other applications. Our open source technology is available for all under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL).
·AGFL (Affix Grammars over a Finite Lattice): A collection of software systems for Natural Language Processing, based on the AGFL-formalism, developed by the Department of Software Engineering, University of Nijmegen, the Netherlands.
·Amarauna Languages: World Languages Network AMARAUNA is a project which aims to promote the linguistic rights and its goal is to strengthen relations among people and institutions that have realized about the importance of the heritage and diversity of the languages of the world. The aim of AMARAUNA World Languages Network is to exchange experience and information making use of the possibilities that internet provides. Any person or organisation will be able to participate presenting their works or offering their knowledge and experience. A forum will be created approaching this project to people in charge of maintaining the linguistic heritage, researchers, working groups, etc. It will promote the establishment of an adequate linguistic policy for the recuperation of languages in danger.
·American Sign Language Linguistic Research Project (ASLLRP): A collaborative project for investigation of ASL syntax, and development of a multimedia tool, SignStream, to facilitate access to and analysis of sign language data.
·AMERIND: AMERIND is a discussion list for examining hypotheses concerning deep relationships between Native American language families and isolates, 20 years after the publication of Joseph Greenberg's 'Language in the Americas'. The Greenbergian scheme has diffused widely through the media, and is often uncritically accepted by linguistic typologists, geneticists and others. Work by Sapir, Swadesh, Haas, and others can also be discussed. This particular horse may seem to have been beaten to death in the period after 1987, but questions still remain, and newer findings need to be integrated into the discussion. Hope to see you there. http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/amerind Jess Tauber
·Ancient Baybayin Scripts Network: The Ancient Baybayin Scripts Network(ABSN) is a community of open forum academic exchange & discussion on the ancient writing scripts & writing systems of the Philippines.We welcome new diverse perspectives on news and updates on the current situation of Baybayin(Alibata)scripts of today.Enjoy learning and writing Baybayin in the many languages of the Philippines. The Alibata forum brings unique,rare, and diverse topics about Ivatan syntax, Igorot Studies, Hanunoo-Mangyan poetry, Kinaray-a semantics, ambahan, computer fonts, ethnobotany, ethnopoetics, Surat Mangyan, Philippine ethnolinguistic groups, epigraphy, ethnomedicine, Aklanon phonetics, Bisayan genetic classification, Pangasinan grammar, Sambal proverbs, Agta linguistics, Ilonggo morphology, Mindanao news, & Lumad tribes. We encourage new opportunities to interact with others in learning new languages with different syllabic, alphabetic, & logographic writing systems & see how it affected the evolution of baybayin scripts. We are a unique group that advocates unity in topics of Cebuano phonology, Kapampangan Studies, Ilokano lexicography, Waray language, Hiligaynon literature, ethnosphere, Austronesian Studies, orthography, paleography, calligraphy,& Bicolano ethnomusicology. We appreciate any advertisements for nonprofit virtual activism & resources that promotes advocacy for linguistic rights , ancestral rights, cultural rights, and indigenous rights. Join us in the research in Austronesian genetics, migrations, navigation, cultural survival, and human rights that affect the greater understanding of the Austronesian Diaspora and baybayin. We encourage new methods on deciphering archaelogical baybayin artifacts, pottery, inscriptions, rock art, petroglyphs, and pictograph characters found throughout the Philippine Islands. The ABSN is your networking community where we begin our travel together into new journeys of Baybayin knowledge,& where the celebrations of network friendships and respect never ends.
·ARTFL Project: American and French Research on the Treasury of the French Language: Homepage of the ARTFL Project at the University of Chicago.
·Atlas Lingüístico y Etnográfico de Castilla-La Mancha (ALecMan): ALeCMan is the first linguistic atlas of Spanish language presented on-line. ALeCMan's site offers so far more than 1000 maps with geolinguistic and sociolinguistic information about speeches from Castile. New maps are added in a progressive way.
·ATS: Anto Translation Services: I am a freelance technical translator and my website, in addition to introducing my profession, has also a page dedicated to several useful links to resources for other translators, and a Community feature. Besides, it is possible to publish works related to Linguistics, or glossaries and dictionaries.
·Augmented Syntax Diagram (ASD) project: Software tools in open-source Java for constructing grammars and semantic representations. Also, working examples from English syntax, semantics, and pragmatics in limited pragmatic domains.
·Baure documentation project: Baure is a southern Arawakan language of Bolivian Amazonia. On this website you can see which materials are being produced for the language community, and which other activities our project team is involved in.
·Bilingual Education Platform: This is a meeting point for those who are involved in bilingual education or CLIL can exchange their ideas, experiences, material, etc.
·Braille IPA Project: This web site is a resource for disseminating information and seeking input on the Unified IPA Braille code, and contains other links of interest for blind professionals and students of linguistics.
·Building a Catalogue of South American Languages: Etnolinguistica.Org, an information hub on indigenous South American languages (http://www.etnolinguistica.org), has recently launched an initiative to create a peer- maintained, up-to-date catalogue of South American languages, relying on a network of linguists directly involved in the documentation and analysis of the continent's languages. Each entry in the catalogue is an individual page providing basic information such as number of speakers, location, genetic affiliation, etc. Additional information on the catalogue (currently, only in Portuguese) can be found at the following address: http://www.etnolinguistica.org/linguas The catalogue is cross-referenced with a directory of South Americanists (http://www.etnolinguistica.org/cadastro) and an ever-growing list of online resources (theses, news articles, academic papers, hard-to-find books, etc.), in such a way that, by clicking on a given language tag, one can find not only a list of online materials, but ways of getting directly in touch with linguists working on that language as well. It is hoped that such integration between authors and resources will ensure a certain measure of control, by the scientific community, over the quality of the information being provided. The catalogue's editors strongly urge all interested colleagues to contribute to this initiative, by reviewing the available entries (http://www.etnolinguistica.org/catalogo:preenchidas) and filling up the online form available at the following address: http://www.etnolinguistica.org/form:lingua All the best, The editors
·BulTreeBank project site: The main goal of the BulTreeBank project is to develop a high quality set (Treebank) of syntactic trees for Bulgarian within the framework of Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG) - see (Pollard and Sag 1994). At the site the following materials are available: - Bulgarian Language Resources - CLaRK - an XML Based System For Corpora Development - Publication on various topics: language modelling, language resources, NLP - Technical reports of the project: Morphosyntactic tagset for Bulgarian, Guidelines for the treebank.
·Cartografía lingüística de Extremadura: Completed in 2000 from the Complutense University of Madrid, González Salgado's work is a complete study of the phonetic and lexical variety of speech in one particular area of Spain (Extremadura). In his website, the author has made available online the methodology, background, and conclusions of his doctoral thesis, as well as a selection of his research papers in the same area. The thesis is based upon extensive interviews with local inhabitants, which have been represented by means of linguistic and ethnographic maps, and transcribed here. Of special interest for the researcher may be a comprehensive list of linguistic atlases on the internet for countries and areas around the world; in addition to an updated bibliography on the subject. Users may also access PDFs of a number of papers by the author on such areas as: the traditional vocabulary of Extremadura; the phonetics of Extremaduran dialects; and differences in oral and written language in Extremadura. Pleasingly illustrated throughout with images of the region, and with a detailed overview of traditional local customs, this site will appeal to those with a particular interest in Extremadura, as well as those working on regional differences in the Spanish language.
·CASK - Computer-aided Acquisition of Semantic Knowledge: Computer-aided Acquisition of Semantic Knowledge Project (CASK) The Project is aimed at describing selected semantic fields using KDD (Knowledge Discovery in Databases) methods. The project is interdisciplinary involving linguists, logicians and computer-scientists. Establishing hierarchical (meta-)ontological definitions of Feature Structures usable as semantic information systems will contribute to build a common basis for describing semantic fields of different European languages.
·Cayuga: Our Oral Legacy: This website describes a research project funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC; award #856-2004-1082). The project has several goals: (1) to develop a community-based consensus concerning ethical and research protocols for preserving Cayuga (Iroquoian) in written form; (2) to preserve various forms of spoken Cayuga for future generations; and (3) to train Cayuga speakers and linguistic students to carry out research and to preserve Cayuga in written form.
·Center for Research in Language (CRL): The Center for Research in Language (CRL) brings together faculty, students and research associates who share an interest in the nature of language, the processes by which it is acquired and used, and the mediation of language in the human brain. CRL is housed in the Cognitive Science Building on the Thurgood Marshall Campus at the University of California, San Diego.
·Center for Research in Urdu Language Processing: The Center for Research in Urdu Language Processing (CRULP) is first of its kind in Pakistan. The Center’s main objective is to conduct research for the evolution of computational models of Urdu and Pakistan’s other regional languages. The research at CRULP is carried within the context of projects, each having a well defined list of deliverables.
·Center for Research in Urdu Language Processing: Speech, language and script processing of Urdu and other regional languages of Pakistan.
·Centre d'Études Picardes: Research in sociolinguistics about Picard language and French in North of France.
·Centre for English Corpus Lingistics (CECL): Information on the Centre for English Corpus linguistics at the Catholic University of Louvain.
·Centre for English Corpus Linguistics: The Centre for English Corpus Linguistics is a research centre with two core areas of research activity: learner corpus research and cross-linguistic research (English, French and Dutch). The CECL website contains detailed descriptions of two learner corpus projects run by the centre: the International Corpus of Learner English (ICLE) and the Louvain International Database of Spoken English Interlanguage (LINDSEI), as well as a comprehensive learner corpus bibliography.
·Centre for Forensic Linguistics at Aston University: Website of Aston University's Centre for Forensic Linguistics. Contains information on research, courses and provision of expert evidence.
·Centre for Research in the Politics of Language: The centre (referred to as CentRePoL) is directed at research on issues relating to the interrelationship between language and the construction of individual and social identity, language and social binding and division, the a-symmetric power relationship between the SA languages, the centralisation and marginalisation of languages, language rights and language shift. CentRePoL is currently involved in a reasonably large-scale project entitled Language, educational effectiveness and economic outcomes (Le3o). The main problem addressed by Le3o is the role of language as an obstacle in vocational training. It is undertaking research into the use of an African language (Northern Sotho) as medium of instruction in teaching Industrial Electronics. Based on the research findings, Le3o will develop language-in-education policy options for the Department of Education
·Centre for Research on Language Change: Launched in August, 2001, the CRLC is a world leading Centre at The Australian National University devoted to research on historical linguistics and processes of language change. One of the largest concentrations of historical linguists at a single campus, but also linking researchers across disciplines such as Anthropology, Archaeology, History and the Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies. With almost 40 members and associate members, current research at The Centre includes: historical recon struction of languages in Australia (various investigators); language change in Melanesian languages in the historical period; the Proto-Oceanic Lexicon project; reconstructing morphosyntax of Proto Oceanic; diachronic English syntax; contact-induced change in Dutch in the 16th and 17th centuries; the history of Japanese di alects; western influence on Japanese syntax; early linguistic contact between Java and Japan; linguistic prehistory between Austroasiatic and Austronesian speakers; the Katuic-Bahnari c nexus; reconstruction of the morphological system of Proto West Bahnaric; Comparative Papuan linguistics; pidgin and creole languages of Australia and the Pacfic; the Romanian verbal system; historic development of tone and tone sandhi in the Wu dialect s of Chinese; Tai historical linguistics; comparative study of Tai, Kam-Sui and related languages of China.
·Centro de Investigaciones Lingüísticas e Literarias: Centre for Galician Language Linguistics and Literary Research.
·Centro di Lessicologia e Toponomastica: La raccolta e la fruizione dei dati linguistici dialettali rappresenta, dal periodo pionieristico degli Atlanti Linguistici, una delle cruces, sia per i linguisti dialettologi che per chi desidera accedere ai dati medesimi. La forma cartacea, l’unica disponibile fino a non molto tempo fa, imponeva limiti oggettivi, non insormontabili, ma comunque problematici. L’informatizzazione permette, in primo luogo, mediante un sistema di rimandi, che può essere più o meno complesso, di creare delle connessioni tra i dati linguistici trattati, secondo un modello che corrisponde più fedelmente al modo in cui il lessico è effettivamente appreso e utilizzato dai parlanti. In secondo luogo, fatto non meno rilevante, si colloca la possibilità di creare un’ opera in progress: un libro, un articolo, un dizionario, per convenzione e per necessità, debbono essere, pur con dimensioni e scopi differenti, conclusi. Nel caso del SITO del Centro di Lessicologia e Toponomastica si tratterà di un’operazione in fieri: i dati, oggetto delle varie aree di ricerca, così come i diversi contributi di natura teorica, anche se non ancora pubblicati in forma cartacea, verranno messi a disposizione per la consultazione in tempo reale, in accordo con la filosofia dell’operazione scientifica proposta.
·CL Research: Computational Lexicology Research develops dictionaries, thesauruses, vocabularies, word lists, and lexicons for use in natural language, artificial intelligence, and information retrieval applications.
·Comlex Syntax project: Papers and manuals relating to the Comlex Syntax project.
·Comp Speech Newsgroup: This site provides a range of information on speech technology, including speech synthesis, speech recognition, speech coding, and related material.
·Computational Linguistics in Poland: A WWW page containing links to various Internet sites devoted to Computational Linguistics (CL) / Natural Language Processing (NLP) / Linguistic Engineering (LE) in Poland.
·Corpus de Referencia do Galego Actual (CORGA): CORGA (Reference Corpus of Present-day Galician Language). Centro Ramón Piñeiro para a Investigación en Humanidades). “CORGA” is a Reference Corpus of Present-day Galician Language. It includes texts in chronological order published or produced from 1975 to 2004, giving priority to the ones belonging to de recent periods. Texts are grouped together considering in periods of five years at a time in order to make possible data recuperation by periods. CORGA´s current version is composed of 12.595.289 ortografical forms. It is planned to go on increasing those data till up to 25 million forms. Direct access to “CORGA” can be made via internet, through the server of the “Centro Ramón Piñeiro para a Investigación en Humanidades (CRPIH)
·Corpus Presenter website (corpus processing software): A new website has been installed at Essen University in Germany which is dedicated to the program Corpus Presenter. It is intended as a guide to this corpus processing software and offers an intuitive means of navigating to the various sections. These explain in a simple and visually effective way just what one can do with Corpus Presenter and why it might be of benefit to scholars or students who wish to obtain quick and accurate results from examining any texts or corpora. One particular reason for mounting this website now is to offer information about the new version of Corpus Presenter - Version 9 - which has been written specifically for Windows XP and which contains many improvements in terms of speed and flexibility over earlier versions of the program suite. Anyone who has purchased the book Corpus Presenter (John Benjamins, Amsterdam, 2003), or whose library has, should download the version 9 update and send me an email for the registration code (only needs to be entered once). The website also contains a *free* version, called Corpus Presenter Lite, which can be downloaded with a small test corpus and used straight away. The lite version contains all functions of the full version, except the most sophisticated level of text retrieval. It is not protected in any way and can be distributed freely, for instance, to interested colleagues or students taking courses on corpus linguistics. The website has been designed and is maintained by the author of Corpus Presenter, Raymond Hickey.
·Could Chomsky Be Wrong?: A collection of commented links pointing to alternatives to UG and modularity.
·Crioulistica: A HomePage dedicated to creole studies, especially Portuguese-based ones. Up to now, only Guinea-Bissau creole is represented.
·Cucumis: Cucumis is a community of translators who share their linguistic knowledge and help each other online. A system of points is taking care of the fairness of the exchanges.
·Das Ostfränische Wörterbuch: Das Ostfränkische Wörterbuch ist ein Projekt der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Kommission für Mundartforschung. Im oberfränkischen Bayreuth wertet der Redaktor Dr. Alfred Klepsch mit Sekret
·Development of a new minimalist Linguistic Parser: The theoretical assumptions include Top-Down derivation, Distributed Morphology, l-syntax, Smuggling, and Cyclic Linearization.
·Dialect Syntax: DialectSyntax.org is a digital meeting place for researchers in the field of micro-comparative syntax . Its general goal is to stimulate international cooperation in the study of dialect syntax, which is a rapidly growing field. The initiative for this website is taken by Edisyn, an ESF-funded project which runs from 2005 - 2010 and is carried out at the Meertens Institute. This website contains the following information: - Links to research groups, institutes and researchers actively involved in the study of dialect syntax. One can search for these links by country or by dialect; - Links to online papers on dialect syntax (Dialect Syntax Archive); - Links to past and future events on dialect syntax. If you want to be part of this network or if you know a dialect syntax research group that could be added, please contact us. Still in development are the following parts: - Descriptions of databases containing syntactic data on dialects as well as links to databases which are available online. - A discussion forum. - In the near future a 'blog' will be added which announces relevant news items on dialect syntax, such as conference calls, conference programs, publications, etc. The idea is that the Edisyn-team moderates this blog, but that information can be uploaded by registered users. Feel free to send us an e-mail (edisyn@meertens.knaw.nl) with comments and/ or (more) information. This website is hosted by the Meertens Institute and run by the Edisyn-group (http://www.meertens.knaw.nl/projecten/edisyn/).
·DICO Project: DICO is a tool to consult multiple dictionaries or structured data on a computer network developped at ISSCO, University of Geneva.
·Discourseanalysis.net: Dear friends and colleagues, We would like to invite you to check out this web site: http://www.discourseanalysis.net It is the leading research portal at the intersection of language and society. We encourage you to register in order to use these functions. Just go to the login and follow the instructions. As a registered user, you can post your events and texts and send them to the community. Programmed by Daniel Wrana, discourseanalysis.net is an interactive portal where you can post and receive CFPs, publications and other announcements in English, French and German (Spanish coming soon). The community currently counts about 1800 registered users from all over the world. Over 250 calls have been sent around since 2008. There are about 10000 visits a week. Please feel free to circulate this information to your friends and colleagues and to link the portal with other pages. Best regards, The discourseanalysis.net team
·Distributed Morphology FAQ: This site offers information about Distributed Morphology and includes a list of relevant references.
·Dobes: Dokumentation bedrohter Sprachen: Documentation of Endangered Languages
·Dolomitic Ladin: Linguistic Atlas of Dolomitic Ladin - (ALD I)
·Dyslexia My Life: This site offers information on learning disabilities and dyslexia.
·Early Modern Research Group: The Early Modern Research Group is an interdisciplinary network of researches that has as its goal to bring together people from all over the world to discuss and present ideas regarding the European Early Modern period. The group aims at presenting new research within the humanities and within the fields of linguistics, visual arts, music, literature, and architecture.
·EDICE: EDICE PROGRAMME (Studies on the Discourse of Politeness in Spanish)
·Educación Bilingüe en E.S.: Meeting platform where you can share material, experiences, ideas, ... on bilingual education or CLIL
·Educaedu UK – Directory for courses in UK (London, Manchester, Oxford etc.): Educaedu United Kingdom is a search engine for undergraduate and postgraduate courses, as well as different professional trade courses. We have over 10,000 courses in the UK. Browse by category or keyword and discover what there is to study in the UK! http://www.educaedu.co.uk
·English Education in East Asia Research Project: Started by members of the Kyushu-Okinawa Chapter of JACET (Japan Association of College English Teachers), the English Education in East Asia Research Project aims to develop comparative research on English education in East Asia. Primary areas of interest are China, Japan, Korea, and South East Asia.
·English Linguistics Circle: The English Linguistics Circle (ELC) is a research network established in December 2006 under funding from the European Regional Development Fund and the Autonomous Government of Galicia. It comprises five research teams based at the Faculties of Philology, Psychology and Translation of the Universities of Santiago de Compostela and Vigo, in Northwestern Spain. All five teams share an empirical, cognitive-functional outlook on the study of language and communication, with work on fields as diverse as grammar and morphosyntactic variation, language change and historical linguistics, discourse analysis and pragmatics, sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, speech and language disorders, contrastive and corpus linguistics, and linguistics applied to the teaching and acquisition of first and second languages.
·English to Tagalog Translation: English to Tagalog dot com is a translation information portal of Josefina Wordhouse Services. It provides resource and knowledge about Tagalog as it advises anybody interested on the many aspects of this Filipino language. It also offers wordhouse services such as translation, editing and occassional writing.
·Ethnologue - Languages of the world: A catalogue of more than 6,700 languages spoken in 228 countries.
·Etymologie - die Lehre der Wortherkunft: Etymologie - die Lehre der Wortherkunft
·EuroLinguistiX (ELiX): Internet platform (academic journal, discussion forum, materials) on European language culture (linguistic and cultural history, language systems, sociology of languages, language politics, intercultural communication).
·European Association for Machine Translation (EAMT): The European Association for Machine Translation (EAMT) is an organization that serves the growing community of people interested in MT and translation tools, including users, developers, and researchers of this increasingly viable technology.
·Experimental Pragmatics: We are a group of researchers working on an exciting and growing discipline which builds a bridge between researchers in pragmatics and psycholinguistics As you'll see, we haven’t done much with it yet but we hope it will become a fairly busy site with regular updates giving news and thoughts on experimental pragmatics. It uses blogging software so it's easy to update and it also performs well on search engines (we're currently the number 4 result on google 'for 'experimental pragmatics', just pipping the Lecture List entry and behind Palgrave and CRASSH, but number 1 if you treat 'experimentalpragmatics' as one word). We'd be really grateful for any thoughts about how to develop the site.
·FindParticipants- Research Participant Recruitment: FindParticipants is a resource for academic researchers, allowing them to contact thousands of diverse research participants for participation in research studies in any field, at any time- immediately.
·Frontier Language Institute: Pakistan is a country of rich cultural and ethnic diversity. The Frontier Language Institute is a training and resource center working to enable these language communities of northern Pakistan to preserve and promote their mother tongues.
·Functional Grammar Information System: This site offers information about Functional Grammar as well as lists of publications, researchers and useful addresses.
·Gesellschaft für Semantik: The Gesellschaft für Semantik is a loose association for the improvement and intensification of scientific exchange in the area of semantics. It was founded in October 1994 during the Workshop on Recent Developments in the Theory of Natural Language Semantics at Blaubeuren, by the German semanticists Sebastian Loebner, Arnim von Stechow und Thomas Ede Zimmermann.
·GOLD Community: General Ontology for Linguistic Description: The purpose of the GOLD Community is to bring together scholars interested in best-practice encoding of linguistic data, promote best practice as suggested by E-MELD, encourage data interoperability through the use of the GOLD Standard, facilitate search across disparate data sets and provide a platform for sharing existing data and tools from related research projects.
·Greek Language and Linguistics: With an online grammar of Hellenistic Greek, an active blog about Greek Linguistics, a large bibliography of Hellenistic Greek Linguistics, and a wide array of annotated web resources for the study of Ancient Greek and the application of methods from the field of Linguistics, this site is designed to support research on the language and the use of current linguistic theories to study and describe it.
·Grupo de Estructuras de Datos: El Grupo de Estructuras de Datos y Lingüística Computacional del Departamento de Informática y Sistemas de la Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria ha estado trabajando desde 1986 en el análisis de estructuras de datos aplicadas a la recuperación asociativa de información. A partir de 1990 ha ampliado sus áreas de interés al procesamiento del lenguaje natural y la lingüística computacional, desarrollando trabajos en morfología computacional, sintaxis automatizada, análisis de textos y lexicografía.
·Grupo de investigación.: Grupo de Investigación "Sociolingüística Andaluza" de la Universidad de Sevilla.
·Hand-Talk: Plains Indian Sign Language (PSD): This project was supported by a Documenting Endangered Languages (DEL)-National Science Foundation(NSF)-National Endowment for the Humanities fellowship (2006 - 2007) to develop a digital language archive to preserve and provide wider access to a previously collected corpus of linguistic texts, descriptions, illustrations, and films documenting Plains Indian Sign Language (PSD). Traditionally, Plains Indian Sign Language is used within the Plains cultural and linguistic groups of the USA and Canada. Currently, this digital language archive contains 1870s illustrations and 1930s films of North American Indian Sign Language from primary source materials in the Smithsonian. The on-line corpus will be expanded to include additional language documentary materials as they are collected and digitized.
·Hans Rausing Endangered Languages Project: A project to document and archive endangered languages across the world; consists of three programmes: Endangered Languages Academic Programme which offers MA and PhD courses plus post-doctoral fellowships; Endangered Languages Documentation Programme which offers £1million in research grants annually; and Endangered Languages Archive, a digital archive of endangered languages materials, including text and media (audio, video) plus metadata.
·Harvard Library: Research Methods in Ethnomusicology: This is a page from Harvard that discusses research methods as far as the field of ethnomusicology go.
·Haskins Laboratories: A private, non-profit research laboratory focused on problems in human communication and related topics, including speech perception, speech production, reading, linguistics, motor behavior, cognitive science, nonlinear dynamics, medical imaging, functional MRI, etc.
·Head-Driven Phrase-Structure Grammar: The HPSG server at the Ohio State University offers current information relating to various aspects of the grammar formalism and linguistic theory of Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar.
·HindiTech: The absence of a field of knowledge in a language is sign of imperfection of concerned society not of the language. In this entire process, due to lack of better coordination and contemporary development, the objectivity and capability of the language becomes questionable after certain period even ridiculous, too. This is happening with all Indian languages in localising process of information technology. These languages are unable to make better correlation with speedy development of computational behaviours. Hindi is one of them. So instead of the sense of present satisfaction, a determined commitment towards resolving the upcoming challenges can be accumulated with hope and this e-forum is a modest effort in this direction. Promotion of Linguistics and Artificial Intelligence in wider range of India is one of the purposes of the forum, scientific writing and original thinking in Hindi will be encouraged as well. Thus, the scholars who are involve in in-depth research in the several areas of Natural Language Processing and their efforts, experiences and achievements can be made accessible at the mass level. It can be encouraged with academic intervention among various research institutions with meaningful dialogue, so that, this accessible forum can promote researchers for their writings with research and development resulting into avoidance of natural vagueness of secondary sources of writing. This forum is also targeted to make available a fare reviews of books, softwares and formalisms of concerned discipline with the aim of popularising them among interested people and to initiate dialogue about its utilities. Although, the medium of the accompanying magazine will be Hindi and English, there will be space to coordinate with all Indian languages. However as per its commitment, the magazine will be centralised to Hindi, for Hindi and through Hindi. If English will peep a little, that should be taken as natural pressure of this subject and also a positive indication of forthcoming acceptance for Hindi in this discipline. This web-forum is committed to create conducive academic environment for research & development. Accordingly a huge database will be prepared where Linguists, Computer Scientists and their academic activities can be preserved with the aim of making them available at mass level. Finally, It is requested to all the scholars to enrich the forum with their important suggestions, writings and view sharing.
·Homepage of Integrational Linguistics: Information on Integrational Linguistics -- available in English, German, Spanish, and Chinese.
·ICE - InterCultural Effectiveness in Global Education: The ICE project forms Phase 3 of the eChina-UK Programme. Phases 1 and 2 of the Programme were established in order to promote collaboration between British and Chinese universities. A small number of British and Chinese universities, working in partnership, developed and implemented e-learning modules for specialist teacher training within China. The aim of the ICE project is to draw out learning from across all the earlier projects on issues associated with working and communicating effectively in intercultural contexts. While the ICE project is based on data from UK and Chinese contexts, its goal is to identify key aspects of intercultural communication and collaboration that are globally applicable, irrespective of cultural context.
·ILAT Listserv: Indigenous Languages and Technology (ILAT) discussion list is an open forum for community language specialists, linguists, scholars, and students to discuss issues relating to the uses of technology in language revitalization efforts.
·Indian Scripts Input System (ISIS): Indian Scripts Input System (ISIS) is a set of freely downloadable Keyman(TM)-based software keyboards for typing Indian scripts in Unicode. ISIS is intuitive, mnemonic and very easy to learn. It covers almost all of the major Indian scripts on a single keyboard layout. ISIS is also available on Linux.
·Indo-European: Site of TITUS:Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien.
·Information on Systemic Functional linguistics: This site offers information on Systemic Functional Linguistics and relevant publications, conferences, addresses, associations, softwares and other systemic-related web pages.
·Information Structure in Amazonian Languages: This site contains results for most of the research conducted under the direction of Robert Van Valin and Daniel Everett on three languages (a fourth, Pirahã, is to be added at a later date). This research was funded by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0344361. There are papers on Wari' (Pacaas-Novos), Banawá, and Karitiana (Caritiana). The website was developed by Dr. Caleb Everett of the University of Miami, in consultation with Robert Van Valin.
·Informationen zur Gesprächsforschung: Persons, Projects, Conferences, Publications and other informations for discourse analysis.
·Instituto de Filologia del C.S.I.C. (Espana): Research center for Philology, having 7 Depts. (Spanish Language; Spanish Literature; Latin and Classical Greek; Biblical and Ancient Middle East Studies; Hebrew and Sepharditic Studies; Arabic Studies; Anthropology). Publishing 6 journals.
·Interactive vowel chart with MRI images and sound: Interactive vowel chart with SAMPA and IPA symbols. Dutch vowels can be heard in h _ t context, accompanied by MRI images with tongue and lip positions showed. A special feature is the possibility to simultaneously see one specific vowel's production compared to all others, again with changing of lips and tongue. Well-known Dutch authors of the book Algemene Fonetiek (2009) were responsible for productions: Toni Rietveld posed for MRI's; Vincent van Heuven pronounced the Dutch
·International Society for Humor Studies: This site offers information about humor conferences, scholars, journals, book series, courses, and bibliographies.
·Interpreting Ancient Manuscripts Web at Brown University: Site of the Interpreting Ancient Manuscripts adapted from the original Hypercard version and developed at Brown University with the aid of an Educational Computing Grant to the Religious Studies Department.
·Irish English Resource Centre: This website is dedicated to Irish English. The site is arranged as a tree with branches which correspond to various aspects of the English language in Ireland. There are comprehensive sections on the history of Irish English, its features on various linguistic levels (including misconceptions about Irish English), English in Ulster, the sociolinguistics of present-day varieties (Belfast, Dublin, etc.), the transportation of Irish English abroad during the colonial period, early contact between English and Celtic, current research trends in the field, to mention just the main issues dealt with on the site. Sample sound files for both English in Ireland and Irish are also available and can be listened to by clicking on the relevant links. In addition, tables, graphs and many maps can be found on the site. A special section on the history and present-day forms of the Irish language has been included. Detailed bibliographical references are to be found in all sections so that interested scholars and students can pursue matters further with ease. Glossaries, overviews of external history and biographical notes are also included, providing easy orientation for those who have not previously concerned themselves with Irish English.
·IS RAS -Seminar on Knowledge Society and Its Languages: Russian participants of the International Scientific Seminar on Social and Organizational Analysis of the University Rovira i Virgili in Tarragone in 2010 website In December 2007 the Sociology Unit of the University Rovira i Virgili (URV) launched a new research group in order to advance the work done by the previous research group, “Business and Society” existing since 2000: in the URV 2007 research evaluation this research group was ranked 2nd in the whole area of Social Sciences (including linguistics, economics, management, law, psychology, anthropology, etc.). The new group is called “Social and Organizational Analysis” and it is aimed at developing social scientific analysis and research in two areas: organizational phenomena and social problems. a) Organizational phenomena This area carries out research on topics, such as private and public organizations, management, innovation, skills-competences, labour relations, business systems, entrepreneurship, etc. This research area is led by Professor Ignasi Brunet. Ignasi Brunet has been in the last decade the coordinator of the Sociology of Organizations Group within the Spanish Sociology Association. Within this area there is a group of about 6 researchers interested in different aspects of organizational phenomena. b) Social problems This area carries out research on topics, such as gender, social structures (poverty, social exclusion, etc.), public policies, etc. This broad research area is led by several researchers, according to their areas of expertise. In this track there are about 8-10 researchers specialized in different fields and topics. RIO: In 2007 the group launched a new academic journal “Revista Internacional de Organizaciones” RIO (International Journal of Organizations), with the institutional support of the Ibero-American Association of Sociology of Organizations. Although it publishes articles mainly in Spanish, RIO is also open to articles in English. It has a target number of 2 issues per year for the first coming years. In 2010 two Russian scholars took part in the Seminar's meetings. On March 25 Professor Valery A. Mansurov, PhD, the President of Russian Society of Sociologists (RSS), Deputy Director of the ORAS Institute of sociology RAS, Head of the Sector of Sociology of Profession and Professional Groups of the ORAS IS RAS, member of RSS, ISA, ESA, presented his lecture on the international Projects and collaboration between RSS and other countries. On April 8 2010, Svetlana I.Harnisch, PhD, Senior Researcher of the ORAS Institute of sociology RAS, Chair of Russian Research Committee on Language & Society: Sociolinguistics of RSS, Head of Seminar on KNOSILS presented her paper on Management of International Scientific Projects with a focus on (1) languages of sciences and knowledge and (2) the concept of information literacy. See details on the site of the Seminar of the University in Tarragone.
·Japanese and German Expert Discourses in multi- and monolingual constellations: Comparing data of L1 Japanese and L1 German business and academic discourses within the genres/domains of planning and presentational discourse according to Functional Pragmatics. A smaller set of multilingual constellations where L2 Japanese, and L2 German respectively is spoken, is compared against the L1 data.
·Japanese Cognitive Linguistics Association: Home page of the JCLA.
·John Swales Conference Corpus (JSCC): The John Swales Conference Corpus (JSCC) is a collection of transcripts from an academic conference held in honour of John Swales hosted by the English Language Institute (ELI) at the University of Michigan (U-M), Ann Arbor in June 2006. JSCC contains both lectures and question and answer sessions, amounting to around 100,000 words. This page provides information about the JSCC project, links to JSCC-based presentations and publications, and JSCC download information.
·Kindersite Project: The Kindersite Project is a free resource for schools. It contains links to 100s of graded games, stories and songs. It is being used in education in 140 countries for ESL and EFL. Our mission is to understand how, or even IF, computers and technology should be introduced as a tool of education for young children. One of the research projects underway is examining the introduction of English to young Spanish learners in Madrid using the content on the Kindersite as an Internet resource.
·Klingon This!: The goal of this website is to do xenolinguistic documentation of the Klingon language. While other Klingon resources exist, such as dictionaries, forums, the Klingon Language Institute, and so on, there is no site (that we know of at least), that is dedicating to documenting Klingon.
·Korean Generative Gramar Circle: Site in Korean on Generative Grammar.
·Laboratorio de Fonética, Universidad de Concepción, Chile: Centro de investigación en fonética experimental y tecnologías del habla.
·Lakota Language Consortium: LLC is a Lakota revitalization initiative whose aim is to provide reservation schools with the resources necessary to effectively teach Lakota. The organization produces elementary-level curriculum materials and provides teacher training while also promoting language use in the community. The goal of the project is to establish Lakota language proficiency among Lakota youth as first step towards successful language revitalization.
·LANCHART - Danish National Research Foundation Centre for Language Change In Real Time: The aim of establishing the Danish National Research foundation’s Centre for Language Change In Real Time (the LANCHART centre) is to develop and empirically test a new theory of language change. Theoretical work will inform the parallel empirical study. Thus, the purpose of the centre is: To formulate and test a model for language change on new Danish data by performing a large scale survey of change in real time exploiting previous dialectological and sociolinguistic projects. The model integrates sociolinguistics and language history and should, in addition, consider biological, neurological, as well as developmental and social psychological constraints on language maintenance and change. It should detail specific historical processes as possible determinants of change. Empirical Work: The data will be collected by carefully re-recording the original informants of a total of seven dialectological and sociolinguistic studies carried out in various parts of Denmark. The replications will give us data on language change in real time as opposed to the standard model of change in apparent time. In addition, new and supplementary data from the local speech communities, including among other things, data on language attitudes, will enable us to test the representativity of the panel of informants studied in real time. Finally, new interviews with informants who were too young to be interviewed previously, will make it possible for the next generation of researchers to further specify the picture of Denmark as a speech community. Denmark is the ideal laboratory for a study of how a minor nation state has changed from a predominantly agricultural society in 1900 to a multilingual, post-industrial speech community at the end of the 20th century. The historical processes studied will include: Urbanization Changes in socialization practice The internationalization of the Danish society The Scientific Relevance of the LANCHART Project The LANCHART project will result in a unique description of the linguistic history of a more or less typical minor nation state based on geographically distributed speech samples. Additionally, the study of language change in general may benefit from this study. Language history must be based on the study of written sources, but we need to know how and why speech changes as well. In real time.
·Language and Information Lab: Different research projects developped by Basel University.
·Language and Inmigration: INMIGRA2007 network deals with the multidisciplinary study of immigrant people in 'Comunidad Autónoma' de Madrid. The study is planned from a linguistic, sociolinguistic, discourse analysis, translating and applied linguistics approach. Its main objectives are to gather knowledge regarding the actual linguistic, sociolinguistic and communicative situation of the migrated population, to facilitate the integration process of the immigrant population in the Madrilenian community and to configure a training programme for cultural mediators to the immigrant people, in the field of teacher training, translating and media professionals. The groups integrating INMIGRA2007 work on their specific fields and then they put together applied proposals relating to training for professionals, diffusion of results, and management of the research process.
·Language Policy in Quebec: This site offers information on the French language in Quebec and language policy related issues.
·Language Policy Research Center: The Language Policy Research Center at Bar-Ilan University carries out basic and applied research in the study of how societies deal with the demands and benefits of multilingualism.
·LANTRA-L: LANTRA-L is a forum for all aspects of translation and interpretation of natural languages.
·Le français à la mesure d'un continent: un patrimoine en partage (dir. F. Martineau): The main focus of this international collaborative research initiative is to understand the tensions generated by the discrepancies between linguistic borders and the borders of cultural identity, both of which are in constant flux. This project aims to examine how these borders intermesh, by analysing the practices and representations of French speakers and the communities they formed in French America, as well as by placing individuals and their language at the focus of social change. Thus, this innovative program takes a unified approach to comparing relations between language as a cognitive entity and language as a cultural entity. In order to account for the complexity of the relationship, this project is supported by an international multidisciplinary team of experts from various human science disciplines and by respected partners from within the French-speaking community. By considering the heritage that Francophones share, assessing the effects of cultural and linguistic transfers, and recognizing the crucial role of representations and attitudes in relation to language, researchers will be in a better position to identify the contemporary issues facing French-speaking minority, majority and multicultural communities. This project will further help advance knowledge of linguistic change, migration and intercultural relations, as well as the dynamics of minority communities. It will also be of great concern to Canadian society through the issues it addresses and the reflections it prompts will help consolidate Canada's leadership within the international French-speaking community.
·Lexicons of Early Modern English: Locating historical references and accessing manuscripts can be difficult with countless hours spent searching for a single text for the sparsest of contributions to your research. http://www.utpjournals.com/leme Lexicons of Early Modern English is a growing historical database offering scholars unprecedented access to early books and manuscripts documenting the growth and development of the English language. With more than 580,000 word-entries from 176 monolingual, bilingual, and polyglot dictionaries, lexical encyclopedias, hard-word glossaries, spelling lists, and lexically-valuable treatises surviving in print or manuscript from the Tudor, Stuart, Caroline, Commonwealth, and Restoration periods, LEME sets the standard for modern linguistic research on the English language. Use Modern Techniques to Research Early Modern English! - 176 Searchable lexicons - 122 Fully analyzed lexicons - 588,721 Total word entries - 368,372 Fully analyzed word entries - 60,891 Total English modern headwords LEME provides exciting opportunities for research for historians of the English language. More than a half-million word-entries devised by contemporary speakers of early modern English describe the meaning of words, and their equivalents in languages such as French, Italian, Spanish, Latin, Greek, Hebrew, and other tongues encountered then in Europe, America, and Asia.
·LinGate: the Linguistics Gate of the World's Graduation Students: The students accociation, online course papers, linguist links and the online issue of linguistics students throughout the world.
·Linguistic applications of Vantage Theory: Applications of Robert E. MacLaury's Vantage Theory, a model of (colour)categorization, in analyses of language structure and use
·Linguistic Data Consortium, University of Pennsylvania: The Linguistic Data Consortium supports language-related education, research and technology development by creating and sharing linguistic resources: data, tools and standards.
·Linguistic Engineering Group at the Polish Academy of Science: A home page of the Linguistic Engineering Group at the Institute of Computer Science, Polish Academy of Sciences. The main research areas of the Group include: syntactic and semantic parsing of Polish; morphological analysis of Polish; construction and annotation of a large-scale corpus of Polish; generative linguistic formalisms, esp. Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG).
·Linguistica Occitana: Online review with reading committee and downloadable articles about the Occitan language. Most of the articles are written in Occitan, but with abstracts in English and French.
·Linguistics Stack Exchange: A collaboratively edited question and answer site for professional linguists and others with an interest in linguistic research and theory. It's 100% free, no registration required.
·Listing of Computational Linguistics Institutes: This site offers information about resources and institutions for Computational Linguistics.
·Maasai Language Project: Salient features of the Maasai language; a Maasai text and dictionary project.
·mappling.com: A new interactive website for practitioners, teachers and students of applied linguistics in any of its component areas - language teaching, literacy education, language pathology, translation and interpreting, lexicography, forensic linguistics. Help build and share resources with an online community of applied linguists by: * posting questions and solutions on practical problems at the community helpdesk * sharing your experiences and opinions on the discussion forum * contributing your own experiences as case studies for other practitioners or students * commenting on blog postings
·MBROLA Speech Synthesis Project: The aim of the MBROLA project (was MBR-PSOLA), initiated by the TCTS Lab of the Faculty Polytechnique de Mons (Belgium), is to obtain a set a speech synthesizers for as many languages as possible, free of use for non-commercial applications.
·Meaning.ch: The digital platform of a research group in the philosophy of language at the University of Berne, Switzerland.
·Metalanguage in conversation: It is well known that participants in dialog use metalanguage -- that is, they talk about the dialog itself, or specific words in the dialog: as in,
·METALUDE: This is an interactive database of 9,000+ lexicalised English metaphors, arranged by conceptual metaphor or metaphor theme categories. It enables searches by lexical item, target, source or source/target. Each lexical item gives a literal meaning, a metaphorical meaning, word-class information, and an example. All lexis is attested as a headword in a dictionary of contemporary English. The database will soon incorporate Chinese translations.
·Metaphor Lab: The Metaphor Lab at VU University Amsterdam has launched a new website.
·METU Spoken Turkish Corpus Project: The aim of METU Spoken Turkish Corpus Project is to construct a linguistically analyzed corpus consisting of one million words of face-to-face and mediated interactions in contemporary Turkish. The corpus will be made available to academia and researchers in all areas of studies related to language.
·Michigan Corpus of Academic Spoken English (MICASE) online search: The Michigan Corpus of Academic Spoken English (MICASE) is a collection of nearly 1.8 million words of transcribed speech (almost 200 hours of recordings) from the University of Michigan (U-M) in Ann Arbor, created by researchers and students at the U-M English Language Institute (ELI). MICASE contains data from a wide range of speech events (including lectures, classroom discussions, lab sections, seminars, and advising sessions) and locations across the university. This page provides direct access to the MICASE online search interface.
·Michigan Corpus of Academic Spoken English (MICASE) resources page: The Michigan Corpus of Academic Spoken English (MICASE) is a collection of nearly 1.8 million words of transcribed speech (almost 200 hours of recordings) from the University of Michigan (U-M) in Ann Arbor, created by researchers and students at the U-M English Language Institute (ELI). MICASE contains data from a wide range of speech events (including lectures, classroom discussions, lab sections, seminars, and advising sessions) and locations across the university. This page provides access to information about the MICASE project and to a wide range of MICASE-based resources (e.g. EAP teaching materials, sound recordings, kibbitzers).
·Michigan Corpus of Upper-level Student Papers (MICUSP) Resources Page: The Michigan Corpus of Upper-level Student Papers (MICUSP) is a collection of over 800 A grade papers (more than 2 million words) from a range of disciplines across four academic divisions (Humanities and Arts, Social Sciences, Biological and Health Sciences, Physical Sciences) of the University of Michigan (U-M), Ann Arbor. MICUSP was created by a team of researchers and students at the U-M English Language Institute (ELI). This page provides access to MICUSP background information and links to MICUSP-based presentations and publications.
·Microsoft Research Natural Language Processing Group: The goal of the NLP group is to design and build a computer system that will analyze, understand, and generate natural languages.
·MORILAN: ‘Morphology in language-contact situations: Greek dialects in contact with Turkish and Italian’ (MORILAN) is a project which aims to examine how morphology can be affected in language-contact situations. The investigated data are drawn from Grekanico (Griko and Bovese, South Italy), Heptanesian (Western part of Greece), and three Asia Minor dialects, Pontic, Cappadocian and Aivaliot. The project focuses on 6 salient questions that are of major importance in linguistic theory: (a) the base of word formation and (b) the relation between form and meaning in contact-induced systems, (c) the relation between borrowing and lexical information, (d) possible differences in borrowability between the members of major grammatical categories, (e) borrowability of functional elements, and (f) borrowability of inflectional and derivational morphemes. The project aims at inaugurating a scientific field which remains unexplored in Greek linguistics and to contribute to the ongoing research concerning morphology in language contact situations. We also aim to promote an international dialogue on this issue, thus, we encourage people to send us comments and/or questions concerning these issues. MORILAN URL: http://www.morilan.upatras.gr/index.php
·Multext, Mutilingual Text Tools and Corpora: Multext encompasses a series of projects whose goals are to develop standards and specifications for the encoding and processing of linguistic corpora, and to develop tools, corpora and linguistic resources embodying these standards.
·Multimo: The Database of Multiple Modals: MULTIMO, the Database of Multiple Modals, is an interactive website on multiple modal constructions in English that features a library of information and materials, including the following: an annotated linguistic bibliography of nearly, commentaries on the status and usage of multiple modals, and a database of more than 2,100 examples.
·MW-TELL: The MW-TELL Project intends to promote access to mobile-supported training services for the provision of on-demand Lifelong Language Learning, beyond time and place restrictions. Join the MW-TELL educational community and explore new ways of teaching and learning foreign languages!!! The MW-TELL Project Main Objectives are: -Set up and maintain of a European Web Repository of Digital Resources and Courses suitable for Technology-Enhanced Language Learning, facilitated by PDAs and Smartphones Devices. -Design of a set of reference mobile Training Strategies, as best practice examples for Technology-enhanced English Language Learning. -Exploit Tools that implement the state-of-the-art learning technologies to deal with the special requirements of mobile-supported vocational training, facilitating the development and delivery of training courses for English Language Learning through PDAs and Smartphones Devices.
·Mélanges CRAPEL: The CRAPEL (Centre de Recherches et d’Applications Pédagogiques En Langues) is a research centre at Nancy 2 University in France. It has published the journal Mélanges CRAPEL since 1970 in order to disseminate the results of its work on language teaching and learning. The themes treated in the Mélanges reflect the CRAPEL’s fields of research and are as follows: - self-directed language learning - language resource centres - foreign language acquisition - sociocognitive and communicative approaches to language learning - learning/teaching aspects of plurilingualism - intercultural dimensions of language learning - French as a foreign language with particular reference to the treatment of illiteracy in immigrants to France - learning/teaching of foreign languages for specific purposes - use of authentic documents in language learning and teaching - ICT applied to language learning The journal publishes papers by the CRAPEL’s members or their students, by researchers with common interests and also papers from colloquia organised by the CRAPEL.
·Native American Web Pages: Resources for Indigenous Cultures around the World.
·Neural Networks Group: Information on the Machine Learning & Neural Networks group,Dept. of Systems and Computer Science at the University of Florence, Italy.
·NIDCD: National Institute on Deafness and other Communication Disorders: NIH Symposium highlighting recent advances in the study of human language capacities.
·NLP Group at the Department of Artificial Intellingence: Home page of the Department of Artificial Intelligence's group working on Natural Language Processing at the University of Edinburgh.
·Norsk Experiment: Experiment In Learning Foreign Languages The author is learning Norwegian without dictionaries and without using other languages. All his learning process is done in Norwegian. He is looking for effective methods for learning foreign languages.
·North Carolina Sociolinguistic Archive and Analysis Project: The North Carolina Sociolinguistic Archive and Analysis Project (NC SLAAP) is a research and preservation initiative being conducted jointly between the North Carolina Language and Life Project (NCLLP) and the North Carolina State University Libraries. The primary foci of NC SLAAP are (1) to preserve the NCLLP's large collection of recordings through digitization, (2) to question and re-evaluate the treatment and representation (such as transcription) of (socio)linguistic data, and (3) to enable and explore new computer-enhanced techniques for sociolinguistic analysis.
·Online access of Mandarin, Hakka, and Min data: Free on-line access of Mandarin, Hakka, and Southern Min spoken data in the NCCU Corpus of Spoken Chinese. The NCCU Spoken Corpus consists of three sub-corpora: (1) The Corpus of Spoken Mandarin There are seventeen extracts of daily face-to-face conversations, totaling seven hours of talk. Besides the orthographic transcription, nine extracts also include phonetic transcription, English glosses, and free translation. (2) The Corpus of Spoken Hakka There are six extracts of daily face-to-face conversations, totaling two hours of talk. (3) The Corpus of Spoken Southern Min [in preparation] We have been collecting spoken data since 2006 to document the daily use of Mandarin, Hakka, and Southern Min spoken in Taiwan.
·Pacific and Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (PARADISEC): PARADISEC (Pacific And Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures) offers a facility for digital conservation and access for endangered materials from the Pacific region, defined broadly to include Oceania and East and Southeast Asia. Our research group has developed models to ensure that the archive can provide access to interested communities, and conforms with emerging international standards for digital archiving. Our research group is composed of investigators from the four participating institutions. PARADISEC collaborates with other groups to promote good practice in field documentation and digital archiving of endangered languages: Resource Network for Linguistic Diversity (RNLD), the Open Language Archives Community (OLAC), the Digital Endangered Languages and Musics Network (DELAMAN) and the Electronic Metastructure for Endangered Languages Data project (E-MELD). As of April 2009, PARADISEC's collection contains 2400 hours of digital audio and video files on 4.3 TB of disk space. A catalog of this material is available from the project's website. 614 languages from 60 countries are represented in PARADISEC's collection.
·ParGram Project in Stuttgart: A Project of Parallel Grammar Development.
·Parlaritaliano: Parlaritaliano is the first national observatory devoted to the study of Italian speech, founded by researchers from several Italian Universities. Parlaritaliano presents a broad range of linguistic research, concerning several thematic areas (Sociolinguistics, Corpus linguistics, Computational linguistics, Italian as foreign language,Speech and Media) and description levels (Segmental Phonetics and Phonology, Prosody, Morphology, Syntax, Lexicon, Pragmatics) Most of the studies in Parlaritaliano are based on corpora collected in different comunicative situation and differently annotated. Data and Tools sections offer numerous resources for the study of speech. All the material published on Parlaritaliano is freely downloadable for scientific purposes.
·Pattern Chemistry of Language: The collection of e-publications 'Pattern Chemistry of Language' is an attempt to apply Pattern Theory of Ulf Grenander (see numerous links on the Web) to the atomistic aspects of language. The central organizing idea of Chemistry, borrowed from Physics, is that between an initial stable state of atoms connected in a particular way, and the final stable state of the same atoms connected in a different way, there is an unstable fleeting state of transition (transition state) from one to the other. Pattern Theory is a kind of generalized Chemistry. If applied to language, it regards it as a natural process governed by relative stability and kinetics of linguistic structures.
·Pattern Playback: An early talking machine.
·Perseus Project: Perseus is an evolving digital library, engineering interactions through time, space, and language.
·Person - Klasse - Kongruenz - Fragmente einer Kategorialtypologie des einfachen Satzes in den ostkaukasischen Sprachen: Description of PKK project ("Grammar of Scenes and Scenarios" (GSS) in East Caucasian.
·Phonemica: Phonemica is a project to record spoken stories in every one of the thousands of varieties of Chinese. We believe that each language and dialect is a priceless cultural treasure embedding history, social customs -- the knowledge of a people. The Chinese language today contains thousands of language varieties, with differences as wide as Mandarin and Cantonese, as nuanced as the different words of neighboring villages.
·Phonotactic Probability Calculator: Phonotactic probability refers to the frequency with which a phonological segment, such as /s/, and a sequence of phonological segments, such as /s^/, occur in a given position in a word. This web-based interface enables the user to calculate the phonotactic probabilites of words and nonwords (based on American-English word counts). The web-site was supported in part by research grants R03 DC 04259 (Kansas University), and R01 DC 0265801 (University at Buffalo) from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health.
·Post-Yugo: A web-site on post-Yugoslav space: linguisic and literary traditions, cultures, contemporary discursive representations in Bosnia and Hercegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia. The programme conducted by the Department of Slavic Philology at Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland.
·Pragmatics China Online: Designed to provide information related to pragmatics, linguistics, forensic linguistics, TEFL and legal translation studies.
·Pragmatics.Reviews: PRAGMATICS.REVIEWS is an online platform focusing on reviewing and discussing publications that fall broadly into the domain of pragmatics. PRAGMATICS.REVIEWS is published quarterly, simultaneously with the journal Pragmatics published by the International Pragmatics Association (IPrA).
·PRESEEA - Proyecto para el Estudio Sociolingüístico de España y América: Official PRESEEA project's website. Information about members and publications of research teams working on about 30 Spanish language speech communities. Corpus of spoken language (free download). News from PRESEEA and Sociolinguistics in Spanishspeaker territories. Links to resources of research.
·Project C2: The purpose is to share ideas about teaching and testing to and at the highest level of proficiency, C2 on the Common European Reference scale and Level 4 on the US govt ILR scale.
·Project on Annotated Bibliography of Contemporary Research in Tense, Grammatical Aspect, Aktionsart and Related Areas: This project is developing an annotated bibliography of modern research in areas related to tense and aspect by professor Robert I. Binnick, University of Toronto at Scarborough.
·Proteus Project: The Proteus Project is a project of research and development in natural language processing, conducted in the Computer Science Department, New York University.
·ProZ.com: A collection of resources for translation professionals including questions and job postings.
·Psycholinguistics Blatant Nonsense Examples: This site presents and analyzes arguments for innate universals that psycholinguistics often present and which are blatant nonsense. The term 'blatant nonsense' describes a case in which a simple analysis shows that the argument is wrong.
·Queens University of Charlotte Online Master of Arts in Communication: 2013 Capstone Project: The MA in Communication curriculum at Queens University of Charlotte culminates with a year-long capstone project. The Spring 2013 class explored important communication topics that will prepare them to make a difference after graduation, including increasing organizational success, launching an entrepreneurial endeavor, or addressing a community or societal problem or need.
·Research on the influence of media advertising on consumer decisions: The research is related to the influence of advertising English on consumer behaviour. The participants must be English native speakers from England. They just read and watch some adverts and then fill in the questionnaire. Thank you in advance for participation and help.
·Rosetta Project: The Rosetta Project is a global collaboration of language specialists and native speakers working to develop a contemporary version of the historic Rosetta Stone. In this updated iteration, our goal is a meaningful survey and near permanent archive of 1,000 languages.
·Samara AltLinguo: Samara Alternative Linguistics Project (Samara AltLinguo) is intended as a home for the local linguistic community of Samara (Russia). We hope it is also useful to a wider linguistic community of Russia and other countries. Its aim is to provide information, publication options and dissertation theses library. Our objectives include buidling the following: library of articles within our preferred frameworks; library of Samara linguists' dissertation theses; information about planned linguistics conferences in Russia and other countries, calls for papers, grants and scholarships of interest to Samara linguists; reviews of books and textbooks; links to useful and interesting Internet resources. Some possible objectives for the future include: publication of e-journal on the topics within our preferred frameworks; holding Internet conferences on topics within our preferred frameworks; holding Samara Annual Linguistics Conference (SALC). Our preferred frameworks include: Discourse Analysis (with the focus on English in the Mass Media and English in Politics), Narratology, Language and Culture Studies, English Vocabulary and Text Analysis, Sociolinguistics, Varieties of English (geographical, social, occupational).
·Sanskrit and Computational linguistic: The Computational Linguistics R&D at Special Centre for Sanskrit Studies J.N.U., started since 2002 under the supervision of Dr. Girish Nath Jha. We are doing R&D in several areas of language technology for Sanskrit and other Indian languages. Our current focus is on developing Sanskrit analysis tools for building Sanskrit-Hindi Translator (SaHiT).
·SciVEE: A collaboration involving The Public Library of Science (http://www.plos.org/), The National Science Foundation (http://www.nsf.gov/) and The San Diego Supercomputer Center (http://www.sdsc.edu/), SciVee has been tipped as a 'YouTube for scientists', where academics can upload a short video lecture to accompany their research paper. This may be interesting either as a tool for linguistics researchers to use, or perhaps as a resource to compare the speech styles of academics in different disciplines, along the lines of Belinda Crawford Camiciottoli's recent monograph 'The Language of Business Studies Lectures'.
·Semantics Lab: Homepage of the Semantics Lab at the Department of Linguistics, University of New York at Stony Brook. Along with primary research in semantics, a central focus of the lab is the production of high-quality software tools for linguistics research and education, and accompanying printed materials.
·Semanticsarchive.net: On-line archive of papers in semantics and related fields.
·Semantique & Modelisation: The Federation of French Linguists is promoting research on semantics and modelization. This website in particular aims at becoming a reference on the subject in French .
·Short-term morphosyntactic change: The database gives a detailed account of morphosyntactic shifts in Russian over the 19th and 20th centuries. The following phenomena are under investigation: the genitive of negation (genitive vs. accusative objects with negated transitive verbs), predicative nouns (nominative vs. instrumental), predicative adjectives (long vs. short vs. instrumental forms), the choice of adjectives when occurring in a numeral phrase with 2-4 (nominative/accusative vs. genitive), predicates in quantified expressions (singular vs. plural), predicates with conjoined noun phrases (singular vs. plural). The database presents statistical analyses of the competition of functionally identical grammatical forms within equal time periods (20-year and 50-year time slots) and with respect to a number of morphological, syntactic and semantic and conditions. Statistics are derived from a corpus of fiction and non-fiction texts written between 1801 and 2000 (ca. 10 million tokens, compiled by Adrian Barentsen, University of Amsterdam). Extracted data are combined with secondary data from previous works.
·SineWave Synthesis: A description of research on SineWave Synthesis that includes an on-line perception experiment.
·Siraiki Sangat Rasoolpur: Siraiki Sangat is linguistic research society. Several research scholars are working under this society. Aslam Rasoolpuri is working on changes in siraiki language in last century.
·Site on Qiangic languages: Resources on Qiangic languages (rGyalrong, Tangut, Minyag) : academic papers, glossed texts and sound files
·Sociedad Española de Didactica de la Lengua y la Literatura (SEDLL): Official website of Spanish professional teachers of languages and literature.
·Sociedad Española de Lingüística: SEL - Linguistics Association of Spain is a scientific, non-profit making organization which brings together diverse researchers who work in all the fields of language and languages.
·Sociolinguistics and CMC: Online research group for those interested in the intersection of Sociolinguistics (broadly defined) and Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC). Contributors range from graduate students to faculty to independent researchers.
·Sociolinguistics Laboratory, University of Ottawa: Sociolinguistics laboratory.
·Spanish FrameNet. An On-Line Lexical Resource and its Application to Spanish NLP: Spanish FrameNet (SFN) is an ongoing research project which is creating an online lexical resource for Spanish, based on frame semantics and supported by corpus evidence. SFN is now open and available to the public with 300 frames, more than 1.000 lexical units (LU)--600 of them fully annotated--adding up to over 10,000 annotated sentences. The aim of SFN is to document the range of semantic and syntactic combinatory possibilities (valences) of each word in each of its senses, through (1) semiautomatic annotated example sentences, and (2) automatic capture and organization of the annotation results. You may see the data by visiting http://gemini.uab.es/SFN. Click on 'SFN Data' to browse the data: - Check out the new web reports including frame definitions, word senses (lexical units) with annotation, and valence reports. - Use FrameSQL--developed by H. Sato (Senshu Uni., Japan)--and search the SFN database by frame, lemma, FEs, specific phrase types, etc. - Play with the FrameGrapher which allows you to interact with a visual representation of the frame to frame relations in the SFN data. The aim of SFN is to document the range of semantic and syntactic combinatory possibilities (valences) of each word in each of its senses, through (1) semiautomatic annotated example sentences, and (2) automatic capture and organization of the annotation results.
·Speech Accent Archive: Contains hundreds of English accents from native and non-native speakers and their phonetic transcriptions. Sound files and phonological generalizations are included.
·Speech Science Research Centre: The multi-disciplinary centre promotes both pure and applied research into speech and non-verbal communication in normal speakers and in those with a variety of speech and language disorders. It focuses on instrumental analysis using sophisticated technology such as Electropalatography ( EPG) , Electromagnetic Articulography (EMA), Ultrasound, and other computerized equipment for assessing, treating and recording speech and other forms of communication.
·SPEECHDAT: A CEC-funded initiative that addresses the fields of production, standardization, evaluation and dissemination of Spoken Language Resource (SLR).
·Stress System Database: Database listing the pattern of primary (word) stress for some 190 languages, listed alphabetically by language or by stress pattern.
·Study Guides and Strategies: A learner-centric educational public service translated into 32 languages. 120 topics are organized into fifteen sections. Preparing, learning, studying, classroom participation, learning with others, online learning and communicating, reading skills, test preparation and taking, writings basics and types, research, project management, math, science and technology.
·Studying the History of English: A new website has been installed at Essen University in Germany intended for anyone studying the history of English. The site is arranged as a set of menus with sub-menus which correspond to various aspects of the history of English. Apart from sections on external and internal history, pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, lexicography and dialectology, there are modules dealing with types of language change, the techniques of historical linguistics and models for linguistic analysis as well as an overview of research trends. A comprehensive glossary is included as are overviews of writers in the history of English and detailed lists of references for different periods, levels of language, areas of research, varieties of English, etc. Timelines, external links and information on sources for the history of English can be found as well. A site map and a tree of themes make navigation through the website swift and comfortable. This website has been designed and is maintained by Raymond Hickey. All the texts, tables and many of the graphs and sound files are his own and have been put in the public domain under the assumption that if they are used by scholars and students, then appropriate acknowledgement will be made.
·Surrey Deponency Databases: The Surrey Morphology Group announces the publication of a new website devoted to the typology and morphology of Deponency (morphology-syntax mismatches), featuring searchable databases. The website may be accessed via the Surrey Morphology Group database server at www.smg.surrey.ac.uk, through the link 'Deponency'.
·Survey of English Usage: An English language research unit at University College London.
·Synthinar: The Syntactic Theory Seminar.
·Syracuse University Online Engineering Faculty Research: The L.C. Smith College of Engineering and Computer Science at Syracuse University is committed to research projects and development in many forms including computational linguistics, computer architecture, cyber security, formal methods and quantam state evolution.
·Systemic Meaning Modelling Group at Macquarie University: This site provides information about the Research group in Systemic Functional Linguistics; linguistic and computational modelling of language and other semiotic systems; description of research, tools for linguistic research, publications.
·Systemic-Functional Linguistics: Information for Systemic-Functional linguists.
·TERMISTI Research Centre: Homepage of the Research Center in Terminology.
·Testing Regimes: This is an AHRC-funded research project focusing on issues of language, migration and citizenship. The workshop series - on which the website is based - aimed to develop a fuller conceptual and theoretical basis for the widespread public discussion of the linguistic and cultural requirements being proposed as an element in the gate-keeping process surrounding citizenship acquisition in many EU member states. The website contains details of the project partners, workshops and discussion papers given by leading scholars in this field, as well as links to other related conferences and publications. The website is a resource for those working in areas of language, migration and citizenship.
·The accents of European English: An online experiment which aims to investigate the attitudes of native and non-native speakers of English to a range of European English accents
·The Awyu-Dumut languages website: Website of the research group Awyu-Dumut languages of VU University Amsterdam
·The CYCLE Test: If anyone is need of a good linguistic battery, please check out the CYCLE (Curtiss-Yamada Comprehensive Language Evaluation). The CYCLE was developed by Dr. Susan Curtiss, who is most famous for working with Genie, and Dr. Jeni Yamada. The CYCLE is an in-depth assessment test that allows the clinician or researcher to examine comprehensively, a subject’s linguistic knowledge and performance in syntax, morphology, and semantics, and submodules in these components. The CYCLE covers structures and features that emerge between 1 1/2 and 10 years of age, the active language development years. It includes a wide range of linguistic structures, including early to late acquired forms and grammatically simple to grammatically complex forms. The structures covered thus comprise a major part of the grammatical core of English. The CYCLE is useful for assessing whether specific aspects of the grammar are intact or affected and can be used with subjects across a wide range of ages and cognitive abilities. To learn more about the test please visit the website. http://www.thecycletest.com/ Thanks!
·The GLIKI Project: The GLIKI Project is the linguistic core program for ICT and Semantic Technologies for Non-Profits in Sustainable Development. GLIKI is short for Global Language Initiative for Knowledge and Information (in Sustainable Development). Linguistic foundations must be built to allow for open social networking, language translation, search engine optimization, creation of ontologies and vocabularies, software and ICT tool kits. This will facilitate the process to provide open source ICT tools for non-governmental organizations or civil society organizations, provide open access to web sites & repositories of data and information for sustainable development, and enable semantic web technologies.
·The International Research Foundation for English Language Education (TIRF): TIRF promotes research and best practices to improve the use of English in the emerging global knowledge economy of the 21st century. The following resources and more are available on TIRF's website: 1. Over 70 free downloadable reference lists 2. Links to language teaching journals 3. Information on and links to like-minded organizations 4. Annotated bibliography on research methods 5. Doctoral scholarships available annually
·The International System for Certification of Spanish as a Foreign Language (SICELE): On behalf of all of the members of the Sistema Internacional de Certificación del Español como Lengua Extranjera (SICELE), we would like to inform you that our official Internet website is now on line: www.sicele.org. This site contains all the relevant information and the updates on this project. SICELE is a multilateral initiative supported by a network of organizations in the higher education sector in Spanish-speaking countries, as well as the Instituto Cervantes, who are committed to the harmonisation, transparency and coherence in the mutual recognition of certificates of Spanish issued to speakers of other languages. We are pleased to invite you to find out more about the significance of this initiative, its nature and its objectives. We are confident that it will be of interest to all organizations and individuals involved in the teaching of languages, especially those that also manage assessment and certification systems, whatever their dimension.
·The Language and Ecology Research Forum: The Language and Ecology Research Forum is a research network of linguistics interested in the impact of language on the ecosystems which support life, from analysis of how consumerist discourses encourage ecological destruction to how nature poetry can promote respect for the natural world. The forum includes a dedicated mailing list for the latest news from the world of ecolinguistic research, a collection of articles on ecological linguistics, and other resources for researchers such as bibliographies and course information.
·The Language Gulper: A comprehensive site containing detailed descriptions of almost 200 ancient and modern world languages, including overview, phonology, grammar, basic vocabulary, key literary works and maps.
·The Research Cooperative: The Research Cooperative was established in 2001 by one NZ researcher based in Japan. It is an international, not-for-profit organisation. Our aim is to be a social network that helps people anywhere develop skills and discover opportunities for writing, editing, translating, publishing, and other areas of research communication. The Cooperative welcomes volunteers, learners, and all who can offer experience and professional services
·The Signal Processing Lab: The Signal Processing Lab has been researching and developing novel solutions regarding many topics such as Speech Recognition, Speech Synthesis or Speech driven animation. A multidisciplinary team of electrical and computer engineers and linguists is devoted in the development of Portuguese Text-to-Speech engines.
·Typology of Defectiveness: A new database resource is now available from the Surrey Morphology Group: the 'Typology of Defectiveness' databases cover the typology and cross linguistic distribution of inflectional defectiveness (paradigm gaps). They can be accessed via www.defectiveness.surrey.ac.uk. The construction of these databases was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (UK) under grant number AH/D001579/1. Please visit the main Surrey Morphology Group website at www.surrey.ac.uk/LIS/SMG for information on other projects and resources, including the new European Research Council funded project 'Morphological Complexity'.
·University of Twente, The Parlevink Linguistic Engineering Project: Home page of the Parlevink language engineering group. The site includes a list of members home pages; information on projects; a list of publications; contributions to the organisation of conferences and workshops; information for students and finally the ParleBode: a monthly glossy magazine (partly in Dutch).
·Vanishing Voices of the Great Andamanese (VOGA): Description and documentation of the Great Andamanese language of India which is on the verge of extinction. The website gives samples of grammar, multilingual interactive dictionary, indigenous knowledge, folk tales and folk songs with sound files, gallery of pictures of the hunter-gatherer tribes of the Andaman Islands. A long list of lexicon of the near extinct language is also given. Some important research publications including the news of the breakthrough research of identifying Great Andamanese as the sixth language family of India are presented here.
·Word Finding: This site is a resource for parents, students, and professionals interested in word finding.
·Word Formation as a Structuring Device of the English and Italian Lexicons: A Large-Scale Exploration: A significant portion of the English and Italian vocabularies (60,000 lexemes each) are classified in terms of a description of the rule system for word formation and inflection. The Word Manager system is used as the basis.
·Word Grammar: Word Grammar treats syntax, semantics, morphology and sociolinguistics as cognitive network.
·Word Manager Homepage: Description of the project Word Manager, underlying the morphological dictionary, and references to literature describing various aspects of the project. An online demo version of a number of lexical tools derived from the dictionary database is available. These lexical tools can also be downloaded.
·WordCorr: A tool that helps historical-comparative linguists tabulate and organize correspondence sets for phonological research. Funded by the National Science Foundation at the University of Hawai`i at Manoa.
·WordsAhead (Judy Ramirez): The central component of my work is the teaching of correspondences between individual speech sounds and their spellings.