THE ALTAIC HYPOTHESIS holds that there is an Altaic language family which consists minimally of the following branches: Turkic, Mongolic, Tungusic. These languages are of the SOV type, are agglutinative and share morphological harmony.
ARGUMENTS AGAINST THE HYPOTHESIS are mostly based upon criteria used in Indo-European research. The main weaknesses of the AH as alleged by the anti-Altaicists are:
- Absence or scarcity of cognates among numerals.
- Scarcity of cognates among terms for parts of the body.
- Turkic-Mongolic and Mongolic-Tungusic "pseudo-cognates" but no direct Turkic-Tungusic ones.
LINGUIST DISCUSSION ON ALTAIC
LINGUIST DISCUSSION ON THE COMPARATIVE METHOD