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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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Conference Information



Full Title: 16th Rencontres Jeunes Chercheurs: Models and Modeling in Language Sciences

   
Short Title: RJC 2013
Location: Paris, France
Start Date: 30-May-2013 - 31-May-2013
Contact: Jiayin Gao
Meeting Email: click here to access email
Meeting URL: http://www.univ-paris3.fr/16th-rencontres-jeunes-chercheurs-rjc-2013--178389.kjsp?RH=ACCUEIL
Meeting Description: Created in 1998, the Rencontres Jeunes Chercheurs (RJC) of the Doctoral School « Langage et langues » (ED 268, Sorbonne Nouvelle University - Paris 3) is an opportunity for junior researchers preparing for a Master’s degree or a Doctorate, but also for post-doctorates, to present their work in paper or poster sessions. The topic of this year is ‘Models and Modeling in Language Sciences’.

How do we grasp the variety of reality without trying to establish a structure and formulate rules supposed to explain or describe the way it works? How do we understand a phenomenon without first trying to conceive its possible operations? Even if the use of an abstract framing is not always enough for comprehending a given linguistic phenomenon, psychological process or cognitive strategy, the construction and utilisation of models often appears necessary – just as it is necessary to question and revise existing models, in order to apprehend ever more finely grained phenomena.

Because of the varied disciplines grouped under the heading ‘language sciences’, the very word ‘model’ is to be understood in different senses. For instance, the psycholinguist proposing a model to account for the psycho-cognitive process of the reader does not conceive the model in the same way as the semiotician speaking about the ‘model reader’ (Eco, 1979). In the same way syntactic models have different functions in natural language processing and in descriptive linguistics.

The many approaches of the varied disciplines lead to question regarding not only the notion of ‘model’ but also the activity of modeling linguistic data, depending on descriptive, explanatory or predictive purposes. Thus, the various definitions of ‘model’ are of interest, together with their application, their transdisciplinary potentialities and their possible transformations.

The questions of the relevance and limits of these models are also of interest, as is the issue of the very notion of ‘model’. According to the different approaches adopted by researchers, the model can be considered as a necessity, or an obstacle, as a sign of rigor or as a scientific bias. Is it a theoretical restraint into the empirical data must fit in with? Or is it an abstract construction required to understand the dynamics and functioning of any given phenomenon or linguistic fact?
Linguistic Subfield: General Linguistics
LL Issue: 24.2158


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