LINGUIST List 12.2081

Wed Aug 22 2001

Qs: Sound Change, Caribbean language policies

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  1. Marc Picard, The sound change /l/ > /t/
  2. Nathalie Schlosser, Caribbean language policies

Message 1: The sound change /l/ > /t/

Date: Mon, 20 Aug 2001 22:22:45 -0400
From: Marc Picard <>
Subject: The sound change /l/ > /t/

In the Western Algonkian languages Cheyenne (C) and Blackfoot (B),
Proto-Algonkian (PA) *l has seemingly changed directly to /t/, i.e.,
without going through an intermediate stage /d/, e.g., PA *niilawa > B
/niisto-/, PA *ileniwa 'man' > C /hetane/. Does anybody know of other
languages where /l/ > /t/ can be similarly posited or, better yet,
where [l] and [t] are in complementary distribution? 

Marc Picard
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Message 2: Caribbean language policies

Date: Wed, 22 Aug 2001 09:57:59 +0200
From: Nathalie Schlosser <>
Subject: Caribbean language policies

Dear linguists,

I am quite interested in any information concerning Caribbean language 
policies and the current status of (English-based) creoles in the 
Caribbean in general (e.g. attitudes, language planning, school 

Linguistic references as well as articles from Caribbean newspapers and 
personal statements about the language debate are very welcome.

Please send any information to

Thanks in advance,

Nathalie Schlosser
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