LINGUIST List 16.604

Wed Mar 02 2005

Books: Lang Desc, Tajik/Khamnigan Mongol: Ido/Janhunen

Editor for this issue: Megan Zdrojkowski <>


        1.    Ulrich Lueders, Tajik: Ido
        2.    Ulrich Lueders, Khamnigan Mongol: Janhunen

Message 1: Tajik: Ido

Date: 22-Feb-2005
From: Ulrich Lueders <>
Subject: Tajik: Ido

Title: Tajik
Series Title: Languages of the World/Materials 442
Published: 2005
Publisher: Lincom GmbH

Author: Shinji Ido, University of Sydney
Paperback: ISBN: 3895863165 Pages: 110 Price: Europe EURO 44

Tajik is a South-West Iranian language that is genetically closely related
to such major languages as Persian and Dari. Most Tajik speakers are in
Tajikistan and Uzbekistan; within Uzbekistan, Samarqand and Bukhara are
particularly densely populated by Tajik speakers. In the beginning of the
twentieth century, Tajik was considered by a number of writers and
researchers to be a variety of Persian. The language that this book
describes is the modern Tajik language which is referred to in the Soviet
linguistic literature typically as zaboni khozirai tojik. The morphological
segmentability of Tajik words is markedly high compared to words in the
Indo-Iranian predecessors of Tajik, which makes Tajik morphologically more
agglutinative than inflectional. Outstanding features of Tajik include the
modal opposition between the indicative mood and the mood of indirect
evidence, i.e. the inferential mood, that pervades the verbal system, and
the utilization of both post-nominal and pre-nominal relative clauses.

Linguistic Field(s): Language Description
                            Historical Linguistics
                            Indo-European Linguistics

Subject Language(s): Tajiki (PET)

Written In: English (ENG )

See this book announcement on our website:

Message 2: Khamnigan Mongol: Janhunen

Date: 22-Feb-2005
From: Ulrich Lueders <>
Subject: Khamnigan Mongol: Janhunen

Title: Khamnigan Mongol
Series Title: Languages of the World/Materials 173
Published: 2005
Publisher: Lincom GmbH

Author: Juha Janhunen, University of Helsinki
Paperback: ISBN: 3895862266 Pages: 66 Price: Europe EURO 34

Khamnigan Mongol is a Mongolic language used as the principal community
language of the Khamnigan, an ethnic group in the Amur source region, in
the borderzone of China, Russia, and Mongolia. The only vigorous community
of Khamnigan Mongol speakers (ca. 2,000 people) today lives in the basins
of the Mergel and Imin rivers of Hulun Buir League, Inner Mongolia, China.
Khamnigan Mongol remained virtually unexplored until the 1950s, when
preliminary field surveys were made of its last speakers in northeastern
Mongolia and Russian Transbaikalia. The Khamnigan community in China,
officially classified as a local group of the Ewenki nationality, was only
identified in the 1980s. The present description is based on the variety of
Khamnigan Mongol spoken by the Khamnigan in China.

As a Mongolic language, Khamnigan Mongol is characterized by exceptional
conservativeness, in that it lacks most of the innovations that separate
the neighbouring Mongolic languages, including Mongol proper, Buryat, and
Dagur, from their Proto-Mongolic ancestor. Khamnigan Mongol is therefore of
considerable importance for the diachronic study of the entire Mongolic
language family. It also provides an interesting case for the study of the
phenomenon of linguistic conservativeness, in general.

Another important property of Khamnigan Mongol is its close and prolonged
symbiosis with the Ewenki language within the Khamnigan community. A large
part of the Khamnigan in China today still speak ethnospecific forms of
Ewenki as their other native language. The two languages have long
interacted at the social and linguistic levels, with various kinds of
interference phenomena as a result.

Due to its conservativeness, Khamnigan Mongol is structurally close to
Middle Mongol, though some of its morphosyntactic features also resemble
Buryat. Like Buryat and Dagur, but unlike most other Mongolic languages,
Khamnigan Mongol has a fully-developed system of personal marking on the
finite predicate. In the phonology, there are properties, including the
vowel system, which show an areal parallelism with Ewenki.

Juha JANHUNEN is professor of East Asian Languages and Cultures at the
University of Helsinki, Finland.

Linguistic Field(s): Language Description
                            Altaic languages
                            Language Acquisition

Subject Language(s): Buriat, China (BXU)

Written In: English (ENG )

See this book announcement on our website:

-------------------------- Major Supporters --------------------------
Cascadilla Press
Continuum International Publishing Group Ltd
Edinburgh University Press
Hodder Arnold
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
Lincom GmbH
Mouton de Gruyter
Oxford University Press

---------------------- Other Supporting Publishers ----------------------
Graduate Linguistic Students' Assoc., Umass
Kingston Press Ltd
Multilingual Matters
Pacific Linguistics
SIL International
Utrecht Institute of Linguistics / LOT Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistic


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