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LINGUIST List 17.1904

Wed Jun 28 2006

Books: Historical Linguistics/Phonology: Llorente

Editor for this issue: Maria Moreno-Rollins <marialinguistlist.org>


Links to the websites of all LINGUIST's supporting publishers are available at the end of this issue.
Directory
        1.    Ulrich Lueders, Vowel Raising in Spanish Historical Phonology: Llorente


Message 1: Vowel Raising in Spanish Historical Phonology: Llorente
Date: 28-Jun-2006
From: Ulrich Lueders <lincom.europat-online.de>
Subject: Vowel Raising in Spanish Historical Phonology: Llorente


Title: Vowel Raising in Spanish Historical Phonology
Subtitle: A feature geometry analysis
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Romance Linguistics 25
Published: 2006
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
                http://www.lincom.at

Author: LucĂ­a I. Llorente, Berry College
Paperback: ISBN: 3895864412 Pages: 220 Price: Europe EURO 78.10
Abstract:

This work addresses the raising effect that a palatal glide had upon the
stressed vowel of the preceding syllable, a process which happened in the
development from Late Latin to Old Spanish. This effect is particularly
visible in the lack of diphthongization of stressed /g/ and /o/, which,
under normal conditions, would undergo a process of diphthongization. All
Late Latin vowels, however, except for the highest ones, undergo raising
one degree. This "irregular" development of vowels has been traditionally
linked to the presence of a palatal glide in the environment, and this
study follows the traditional analysis, but tries to integrate it within
the recent phonological framework of Feature Geometry, which has been
proved to be an ideal model to describe assimilation processes.

In particular, it follows Jung's (1991) hierarchical representation,
focusing on the structure of the place node. In order to describe vowels,
Jung makes use of the standard features [high], [low], and [ATR], placing
them under what he calls the "vertical" node.

When analyzing the raising process using the tools provided by Jung's work,
two processes are possited. On the one hand, the lack of diphthongization
of /g/ and /o/ is attributed to the spreading of the feature [+ATR] from
the glide onto the preceding stressed vowel. On the other, in order to
explain the raising undergone by /e/ and /o/ on some occasions the notion
of parasitic harmony (as described in Cole (1991)) is used. The feature
that is considered to be under assimilation in this case is [+high], but
the process only happens when the trigger (the glide) and the target (the
preceding vowel) share a contextual feature, which, in the present case, is
the specification for [+ATR]. This second process is sometimes blocked,
because the intervening consonants are specified for the feature [+high],
which is the one being spread. In order to explain the behavior of /a/ in
the presence of the palatal glide, the notion of strict adjacency is
brought into the picture. Only in this situation does /a/ undergo raising.

Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics
                            Phonology

Subject Language(s): Spanish (spa)

Written In: English (eng )

See this book announcement on our website:
http://linguistlist.org/get-book.html?BookID=20075


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Hodder Arnold http://www.hoddereducation.co.uk
John Benjamins http://www.benjamins.com/
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International Pragmatics Assoc. http://www.ipra.be
Kingston Press Ltd http://www.kingstonpress.com/
Linguistic Assoc. of Finland http://www.ling.helsinki.fi/sky/
MIT Working Papers in Linguistics http://web.mit.edu/mitwpl/
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St. Jerome Publishing Ltd. http://www.stjerome.co.uk
Utrecht institute of Linguistics http://www-uilots.let.uu.nl/

 




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