LINGUIST List 18.512

Thu Feb 15 2007

Calls: Phonology/France; General Linguistic/ Indonesia

Editor for this issue: Ania Kubisz <anialinguistlist.org>


Directory         1.    Te-hsin Liu, Problems with surface-based generalizations
        2.    David Gil, Workshop on the Languages of Papua


Message 1: Problems with surface-based generalizations
Date: 14-Feb-2007
From: Te-hsin Liu <liu.tehsingmail.com>
Subject: Problems with surface-based generalizations


Full Title: Problems with surface-based generalizations

Date: 08-Oct-2007 - 09-Oct-2007 Location: Paris, France Contact Person: Te-hsin Liu Meeting Email: phonoparis8yahoo.fr Site: http://home.kimo.com.tw/tehsinl/ Submission deadline: 7 April 2007 Notification of acceptance: 15 May 2007

Since the advent of Optimality Theory (OT) advocating the replacement of rules by violable constraints, this model faces a number of challenges that appear to be related to its initial commitment to evaluating a set of surface 'candidates'. One problem is that we have no satisfactory criterion as to which and how many candidates should be evaluated for a given input. As is shown by Steriade's (2001) work on the typology of repairs for the constraint against voiced stops, the only repair attested for violations of such a constraint is final devoicing. Other potential strategies, such as nasalization, syncope, metathesis and epenthesis, are not attested. While syncope and epenthesis are frequent processes among languages, they are never chosen as repair strategies for final obstruent voicing. However, standard OT has no way to rule out these possibilities elegantly, and this is far from being the only problem for the theory. In order to account for problematic opacity facts, several attempts have been proposed. Thus, Calabrese (2005) proposes to re-establish serialism, the principle at the heart of classical generative phonology. On the contrary, Carvalho & Klein (2006) suggest developing a theory of the input, arguing that phonological representations should explain the reasons of the variable behaviour of speakers vis-à-vis opacity. We organize a two-day workshop, addressing any topic related with the above issues, couched in any theoretical framework. The empirical domains can include loanwords, word games, sociolinguistic variation, etc. Speakers will have the opportunity to present a 20-minute talk, followed by 10 minutes of discussion.

Depuis l'avènement de la théorie de l'optimalité (OT) qui prône le remplacement des règles par des contraintes violables, la phonologie se trouve face à des défis qui résultent de son engagement initial, fondé sur l'évaluation d'un ensemble de ''candidats'' de surface. Comme le démontre le travail de Steriade (2001) portant sur la typologie des stratégies de réparation de la contrainte interdisant les codas voisées, la seule réparation attestée est le dévoisement final. D'autres stratégies potentielles, telles la nasalisation, la syncope, la métathèse ou l'épenthèse, ne sont pas attestées. Alors que l'épenthèse et la syncope sont des processus fréquents dans les langues, ils ne sont jamais choisis comme stratégie de réparation pour éviter une coda voisée. Or OT standard est incapable d'exclure ces possibilités d'une façon élégante. Et ceci est loin d'être la seule difficulté rencontrée par la théorie. Plusieurs tentatives ont eu lieu qui essaient d'apporter une solution au problème posé à OT par l'opacité. Ainsi Calabrese (2005) propose de rétablir le sérialisme, le principe central de la phonologie générative classique. De leur côté, Carvalho & Klein (2006) suggèrent de développer une théorie de l'input, seul à même d'expliquer les raisons du comportement variable des locuteurs. Nous organisons un colloque de deux jours, portant essentiellement, mais non obligatoirement, sur des sujets en rapport avec les problématiques ci-dessus, et sans exclusive de cadre théorique. Les domaines empiriques possibles iraient jusqu'à inclure les jeux de mots, les emprunts, la variation socio-linguistique, etc. Nous sollicitons la soumission de résumés pour une présentation de 20 minutes, suivie de 10 minutes de discussion.

Invited speakers/Conférenciers invités: Larry Hyman (University of California, Berkeley) Haike Jacobs (University Nijmegen) Sharon Peperkamp (Université de Paris 8) Tobias Scheer (Université de Nice)

Format of abstracts: - an anonymous text no longer than two pages in either French or English; - page format: A4, 2,5 cm margins on all four sides, 12-point font, simple line spacing; - the body of the message contains the title of the presentation proposed as well as the name, the affiliation, and the electronic address of all authors; - the abstract, in PDF format, is attached to the message.

La procédure de soumission se présente de la manière suivante: - résumé anonyme de 2 pages maximum rédigé en français ou en anglais; - format: A4, marges d'au moins 2,5 cm de chaque côté, police taille 12, interligne simple; - le corps du message contiendra le titre de la communication proposée, ainsi que le nom, l'affiliation, et l'adresse électronique de chacun des auteurs; - le résumé sera transmis sous la forme d'un fichier PDF attaché à ce message.

Advisory board/Comité scientifique: Joaquim Brandão de Carvalho Marc Klein Michela Russo Sophie Wauquier

Organizing Committee/Comité d'organisation: Kadija Aboufarah Te-hsin Liu Marcela San Giacomo
Message 2: Workshop on the Languages of Papua
Date: 14-Feb-2007
From: David Gil <gileva.mpg.de>
Subject: Workshop on the Languages of Papua



Full Title: Workshop on the Languages of Papua

Date: 08-Aug-2007 - 10-Aug-2007 Location: Manokwari, Indonesia Contact Person: David Gil Meeting Email: gileva.mpg.de Web Site: http://www.eva.mpg.de/~gil/wlp

Linguistic Field(s): General Linguistics

Call Deadline: 01-Mar-2007

Meeting Description:

The Workshop on the Languages of Papua will consist primarily of papers concerned with languages, either non-Austronesian or Austronesian, spoken in the western half of the island of New Guinea. However, we also encourage contributions dealing with non-Austronesian languages spoken in other parts of eastern Indonesia and in Papua New Guinea. Papers may be in any of the subfields of linguistics, and may represent variegated approaches and diverse theoretical persuasions. Presentations at the Workshop on the Languages of Papua are to be delivered in English.

Final Call for Abstracts

Workshop on the Languages of Papua

8-10 August 2007 Manokwari, Indonesia

Persons wishing to present a paper at the symposium are invited to submit a one-page abstract in electronic form (preferably pdf, but MsWord also acceptable) to David Gil at the following address:

gil AT eva.mpg.de

Deadline for submission of abstracts: 1 March 2007

Co-sponsors:

Universitas Negeri Papua Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology Association for Linguistic Typology

Co-organizers:

Yusuf Sawaki, Universitas Negeri Papua Peter Cole, University of Delaware David Gil, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology Uri Tadmor, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

Further information: http://www.eva.mpg.de/~gil/wlp Inquiries: gil AT eva.mpg.de

The Workshop on the Languages of Papua will be immediately preceded by the 11th International Symposium on Malay//Indonesian Linguistics 6-8 August 2007, Manokwari, Indonesia Further information: http://www.eva.mpg.de/~gil/ismil

Also, the Workshop on the Languages of Papua will be followed by the International Symposium on the Languages of Java 15-16 August 2007, Semarang, Indonesia Further information: http://lingweb.eva.mpg.de/jakarta/isloj.php