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LINGUIST List 21.1527

Tue Mar 30 2010

Qs: Terminology: Words with Halves from Two Languages

Editor for this issue: Danielle St. Jean <daniellelinguistlist.org>

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        1.    Gazi Berlajolli, Terminology: Words with Halves from Two Languages

Message 1: Terminology: Words with Halves from Two Languages
Date: 28-Mar-2010
From: Gazi Berlajolli <berlajolliyahoo.com>
Subject: Terminology: Words with Halves from Two Languages
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I would like to know whether there exists a term in linguistics used to
describe a word written half in one language, say English, and half in
another, say Albanian. I am working on an article involving this topic. (I
am not interested to go so far as to even a possible existence for such
words written half in a language using the Latin script, and half in
another language using a non-Latin script).

I further understand that this sort of spelling may arise often from error,
as a failed attempt of spelling correctly in English as a foreign speaker,
e.g. 'fotocopy' in many shops offering the service of the photocopying

Yet this is also arising from the need to further branch out some
recently acquired English loanword into other parts of speech; e.g.
'cool' as a fancy word of approval, developed then into a
noun/adjective cool + er (pronounced like 'air' in 'hair'), and further into
an –ism: cool + er + izëm. Now the spelling tendency here would be:
coolerizëm, although in Albanian spelling, letter C stands solely for the
affricate /ts/. Yet, no reader, if they were to see the word written, would
pronounce it as ['tsulerizm], unless jokingly.

Now, are there any terms for the first, unintentional (e.g. 'fotocopy'),
and the second, intentional cases (e.g. 'coolerizëm') of such mixed
spelling, or at least one term for both, that you are aware of?

Thank you in advance,

Gazi Berlajolli

Linguistic Field(s): General Linguistics

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