LINGUIST List 25.5130

Tue Dec 16 2014

Books: Traditional Agricultural and Domestic Tools in Palestinian Arabic: Halayqa

Editor for this issue: Sara Couture <>

Date: 04-Dec-2014
From: Krista Zimmer <>
Subject: Traditional Agricultural and Domestic Tools in Palestinian Arabic: Halayqa
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Title: Traditional Agricultural and Domestic Tools in Palestinian Arabic
Subtitle: An Ethnographic and Lexical Study
Series Title: Semitica Viva 54
Published: 2014
Publisher: ISD, Distributor of Scholarly Books

Book URL:

Author: Issam K Halayqa
Paperback: ISBN: 9783447102483 Pages: 243 Price: U.S. $ 72.00

Issam Halayqa describes the ethnographic and lexical backgrounds of the names of the agricultural and domestic tools and objects used by the inhabitants of rural communities, villages, and cites of Palestine until the end of the British Mandate. As an attempt to document them, 618 names of tools were gathered through field and research work. The study first defines the form of the tools, the materials they were made of, and their use in the agricultural contexts, and then traces their lexical origin and their counterparts in ancient Near Eastern languages. Two results were achieved within this research; both are displayed on tables annexed to the work. Firstly, the natural and cultural factors that stimulated inhabitants to create the terminology of the tools and objects are displayed. Secondly, the linguistic strata the names of tools and objects represent is analyzed. The outcome is that there was a considerable percentage of loaned words from ancient Semitic languages like Aramaic, Canaanite, and Akkadian, and that other words were loaned from non-Semitic languages like Greek, Latin, Persian, and Turkish. The study shows the interference of the languages of the area with historically mixed communities reflected in the tool names, as well a case of multilingualism in that many Semitic and non-Semitic languages had been used in small geographical loci. (Harrassowitz Verlag 2014)

Linguistic Field(s): Anthropological Linguistics
                            Historical Linguistics

Subject Language(s): Akkadian (akk)
                            Arabic, South Levantine (ajp)
                            Aramaic, Official (arc)
                            Greek, Ancient (grc)
                            Latin (lat)
                            Persian, Iranian (pes)
                            Turkish (tur)
Language Family(ies): Canaanite
Areal Regions: Near Eastern

Written In: English (eng)

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---------------------------------- Publishing Partner ----------------------------------
Cambridge University Press

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Page Updated: 16-Dec-2014