LINGUIST List 30.1804

Sat Apr 27 2019

Confs: Cog Sci, Discipline of Ling, Neuroling, Psycholing/Turkey

Editor for this issue: Everett Green <everettlinguistlist.org>


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Date: 19-Apr-2019
From: Serkan Şener <serkan.seneryeditepe.edu.tr>
Subject: International Symposium on Brain and Cognitive Sciences
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International Symposium on Brain and Cognitive Sciences
Short Title: ISBCS


Date: 28-Apr-2019 - 28-Apr-2019
Location: Istanbul, Turkey
Contact: Serkan Şener
Contact Email: < click here to access email >
Meeting URL: http://isbcs2019.yeditepe.edu.tr/index.html

Linguistic Field(s): Cognitive Science; Discipline of Linguistics; Neurolinguistics; Psycholinguistics

Meeting Description:

ISBCS is the premier academic meeting of the cognitive science community in Turkey. Established jointly by the Middle East Technical University (METU), Bogazici University and Yeditepe University - the three universities in Turkey that offer cognitive science programs, ISBCS is being held each year by one of these universities to gather researchers and students from leading national and international institutions working on all areas of cognitive science. The main objective has been to establish a platform where students learn about recent research and developments in cognitive science, researchers get a chance to together share and initiate collaborations, and the participants in general can receive valuable feedback on their work.

This year's ISBCS will be held by the Cognitive Science Program at Yeditepe University in Istanbul. The symposium features the following speakers:

W. Tecumseh Fitch (University of Vienna, Department of Cognitive Biology)
Colin Phillips (University of Maryland, Department of Linguistics)
Ehren Newman (Indiana University, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences)
Nazım Keven (Bilkent University, Philosophy Department)
Itır Kaşıkçı (Istanbul Commerce University, Department of Psychology)

The program and the abstracts for the talks are given at the bottom of this announcement, which can also be accessed at: http://isbcs2019.yeditepe.edu.tr/program.html

The abstracts for the poster presentations can be found here:
http://isbcs2019.yeditepe.edu.tr/ISBCS2019_PostersAbstracts.pdf

Participation to ISBCS is free, but we kindly ask participants to register in advance of the symposium: http://isbcs2019.yeditepe.edu.tr/registration.html

We are looking forward to seeing everyone with an interest in the cognitive sciences, and sciences in the broader sense, at the symposium.

On behalf of the ISBCS'19 Program Committee Members,

Funda Yıldırım (Yeditepe University)
Albert Ali Salah (Bogazici University)
Cem Bozşahin (METU))
İnci Ayhan (Bogazici University)
Emin Erkan Korkmaz (Yeditepe University)
Serkan Şener (Yeditepe University)
Sonia Amado (Ege University)

Program:

The program for the 6th International Symposium on Brain and Cognitive Science

9:00-9:30:
Registration

9:30-10:00:
Welcome and Opening Talk

10:00-10:50:
Ehren Newman (Keynote Speaker)
''Tracking Neural Information Processing in the Brain and in the Dish''

10:50-11:00: Coffee Break

11:00-11:50:
Itır Kaşıkçı
''Your Brain on Numbers: A Look from the Inside''

11:50-12:50: Lunch

12:50-13:40:
Poster Session I

13:40-14:30:
Colin Phillips (Keynote Speaker)
''The Relationship between Speaking and Understanding''

14:30-15:20:
Nazım Keven
''Events, Narratives and Memory''

15:20-15:30: Coffee Break

15:30-16:20:
W. Tecumseh Fitch (Keynote Speaker)
''The Evolution of the Neural Basis of Language''

16:20-17:30:
Poster Session II

Talk Abstracts:

Tracking Neural Information Processing in the Brain and in the Dish
Ehren Newman
Indiana University Bloomington

How do neural systems give rise to function / cognition? Related theories are often described in terms of specific interactions between circuits and brain regions. Empirically testing these models requires characterization and quantification of these interactions in the functioning neural system. In this presentation, I will first describe how this is done in the field of systems neuroscience standardly and show how we've used these methods to test theories regarding how the hippocampus functions. Specifically, I will show that the processing mode of the hippocampus is regulated by the neuromodulator acetylcholline. I will then describe how tools from information theory enable characterization of higher-order interactions between neurons and show how we've used these tools to identify the relationship between neural circuit topology and neural computation. Specifically, I will show that the most computation performed by cortical circuits is done by the neurons belonging to what are known as rich clubs.

The Relationship Between Speaking and Understanding
Colin Phillips
University of Maryland

Language comprehension, language production, and grammatical analysis are typically pursued relatively independently of one another. We have long been interested in the relation between parsing and grammar, but have neglected mechanisms for production. If we cannot unify mechanisms for speaking and understanding, then unifying grammatical computation with either of them is likely fruitless. I will discuss the progress that we have made on understanding these issues.

The Neural Basis of Language: An Evolutionary Perspective
W. Tecumseh Fitch
University of Wien

Although language itself is unique to humans, many of the sub-components that underlie language processing are shared with other species. A broad comparative approach allows us to tease apart shared elements from unusual (“derived”) characteristics. I will illustrate these principles by delving into the neural circuits underlying speech (particularly vocal learning) and syntax (particularly hierarchical syntax). These examples illustrate that, even for unique features like hierarchical syntax, an evolutionary approach can illuminate the precursors for human circuits and give clues to their origins during hominin evolution.

Events, Narratives and Memory
Nazım Keven
Bilkent University

Whether non-human animals can have episodic memories remains the subject of extensive debate. A number of prominent memory researchers defend the view that animals do not have the same kind of episodic memory as humans do, whereas others argue that some animals have episodic-like memory—i.e., they can remember what, where and when an event happened. Defining what constitutes episodic memory has proven to be difficult. In this paper, I propose a dual systems account and provide evidence for a distinction between event memory and episodic memory. Event memory is a perceptual system that evolved to support adaptive short-term goal processing, whereas episodic memory is based on narratives, which bind event memories into a retrievable whole that is temporally and causally organized around subject’s goals. I argue that carefully distinguishing event memory from episodic memory can help resolve the debate.

Your Brain on Numbers: A Look from the Inside
Itır Kaşıkçı
Istanbul Commerce University

While we talk about sensation and perception related research in neuroscience, we mostly refer to the ''basic'' senses such as vision, audition and touch. However, relatively new studies made us see that humankind and some other non-human animals are equipped also with ''complex'' senses and/or percepts such as space, time, and number. The talk is about the number sense and its neural correlates with a focus on the data collected with electrocorticogram (ECoG) from human participants.




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