LINGUIST List 30.2241

Wed May 29 2019

Support: Clinical Linguistics; Phonetics: PhD, CNRS

Editor for this issue: Yiwen Zhang <yiwenlinguistlist.org>



Date: 23-May-2019
From: Seckin Arslan <seckin1984gmail.com>
Subject: Clinical Linguistics; Phonetics: PhD, CNRS, France
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Department: BCL
Web Address: https://bcl.cnrs.fr/?lang=en

Level: PhD

Institution/Organization: CNRS

Duties: Research

Specialty Areas: Applied Linguistics; Clinical Linguistics; Cognitive Science; Computational Linguistics; General Linguistics; Morphology; Neurolinguistics; Phonetics; Phonology; Psycholinguistics; Semantics; Syntax


Description:

Reference : UMR7320-FANMEU0-001
Workplace : NICE
Date of publication : Sunday, May 19, 2019
Scientific Responsible name : Fanny Meunier
Type of Contract : PhD Student contract / Thesis offer
Contract Period : 36 months
Start date of the thesis : 1 October 2019
Proportion of work : Full time
Remuneration : 2 135,00 € gross monthly

In this PhD. project, we will study how we process non-standard speech sounds. Newborns can discriminate all the sounds of world's languages and it's the exposure to a mother tongue that will restructure perceptual abilities into phonological abilities specific to that language. As a result, children will quickly become ''deaf'' or at least less sensitive to linguistic features that are not relevant and useful in their native language. Yet our system must also be flexible because we are regularly in contact with non-standard productions, such as the ones of a person with a strong accent or a person with a cold and a stuffy nose. The perceptual flexibility necessary to understand a message is essential and yet extremely variable from one individual to another (Perrone-Bertolotti, Tassin & Meunier, 2017). In previous studies, we were interested in an extreme case of this non-standard speech, the whistled speech, a natural adaptation of speech (Meyer, Dentel and Meunier, 2017). The interindividual variability observed in the capacity to perceive and therefore to understand non-standard speech is very important even in individuals without auditory or language impairments. It becomes extreme for individuals who have even slight hearing losses. In this thesis, we will explore these differences in order to characterize more finely on the one hand the speech signal alterations that generate the most divergent perceptions and on the other hand the alterations that are most easily compensated by the system. Thus we will be able to define the limits of speech variability for which the message remains understandable. This work will be based on acoustic analyzes of language productions and the setting up of psycholinguistic experiments. This thesis work will therefore aim to capture the acoustic features necessary for the understanding of speech and their resistance to alterations, while taking into account the interindividual variabilities through the characteristics of individuals and situations of communication.

See details: https://emploi.cnrs.fr/Offres/Doctorant/UMR7320-FANMEU0-001/Default.aspx?lang=EN

Applications Deadline: 15-Jun-2019

Mailing Address for Applications:
        Attn: Dr. Fanny Meunier
        CNRS, BCL
        Nice 06000
        France

Web Address for Applications: https://emploi.cnrs.fr/Offres/Doctorant/UMR7320-FANMEU0-001/Default.aspx?lang=EN

Contact Information:
        Dr. Fanny Meunier
        Fanny.MEUNIERunice.fr



Page Updated: 29-May-2019