LINGUIST List 31.1863

Fri Jun 05 2020

Disc: Typology of Suspension

Editor for this issue: Everett Green <>

Date: 04-Jun-2020
From: İsa Kerem Bayırlı <>
Subject: Typology of Suspension
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Dear All,

I am interested in implicational generalizations that have consequences for the architecture of grammar.

Some languages, e.g. Turkish, exhibit constructions in which a single nominal inflectional element is shared between two nouns, but many other languages, say English, do not:

kedi ve köpek-ler
cat and dog-PLU
''cats and dogs''
*cat and dogs

Such constructions came to be called ''suspended 'affixation' ''. (1) I was wondering if there is any typological work listing languages that exhibit suspension constructions.

To be more specific, I am interested in the validity of the following generalization:

The Suspension-Concord Generalization (SCG)
If a language allows suspension of the morpheme A,
then this language does not have obligatory agreement between nouns and nominal modificational elements (adjectives, numerals, demonstratives and determiners etc.) in any features expressed by A.

This generalization suggests that Turkish should have no number concord, which is true. I am aware that plurality in Tagalog is a putative counterexample. (2) Do you know of any languages that seem to invalidate SCG?

Thanks for your help!

Best Regards
İsa Kerem Bayırlı
TOBB University of Economics and Technology

Linguistic Field(s): Typology

Page Updated: 05-Jun-2020