LINGUIST List 32.1868

Fri May 28 2021

Diss: English; Cognitive Science; Discourse Analysis; Historical Linguistics; Pragmatics; Semantics; Syntax; Text/Corpus Linguistics: Mokhtar Ounis: ''Metaphor-Related Prepositions in the Inaugural Addresses of American Presidents : A Diachronic Corpus Analysis''

Editor for this issue: Sarah Robinson <srobinsonlinguistlist.org>



Date: 28-May-2021
From: Mokhtar Ounis <m.ounisoutlook.com>
Subject: Metaphor-Related Prepositions in the Inaugural Addresses of American Presidents : A Diachronic Corpus Analysis
E-mail this message to a friend

Institution: Université de Toulon et du Var
Program: École Doctorale 509 Sociétés méditerranéennes et sciences humaines , en partenariat avec BABEL EA 2649
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2021

Author: Mokhtar Ounis

Dissertation Title: Metaphor-Related Prepositions in the Inaugural Addresses of American Presidents : A Diachronic Corpus Analysis

Dissertation URL: http://www.theses.fr/s213234

Linguistic Field(s): Cognitive Science
                            Discourse Analysis
                            Historical Linguistics
                            Pragmatics
                            Semantics
                            Syntax
                            Text/Corpus Linguistics

Subject Language(s): English (eng)

Dissertation Director:
Richard Trim

Dissertation Abstract:

The overall image that emerges from the literature is that prepositions are polysemous, content-free and too complex. This thesis aims to demonstrate that prepositions are systematically used in linguistic metaphors like any other part of speech. As an exploratory and a corpus based study, the data are drawn from an electronic corpus extracted from all the American inaugural addresses. In terms of their frequency, the analysis reveals an uneven distribution, a prevalence of the preposition of, and a gradual decline in the use of all the prepositions. As for their metaphor patterns, prepositions do not merely name relationships, but they create, structure, and evaluate them. They structure analogical projections between conceptual domains through their intrinsic and schematic relationships. These projections carry a built-in axiological value, and they blend metonymy and metaphors through systematic schematic integrations. In their semantic fields, these metaphors highlight an inter-system mapping based on the inherent properties of various systems. As the relational profile of prepositions is central in their metaphors, these relationships are to be included in conceptual metaphors and shorthand notations (A Prep B instead of A is B). The thesis also suggests a tentative cognitive model in which prepositions determine the conceptual identity and space of the abstract political concepts and entities. As for their diachronic variations, these metaphors oscillate between stability and change. The stable mapping patterns are shaped by the need to preserve the national unity and to perpetuate the generic properties of the inaugurals. The factors of change include creative mappings generated by context and the presidents’ passion for distinction. With the decrease in the use of prepositions, future inaugurals may reveal new trends in presidential rhetoric.




Page Updated: 28-May-2021