LINGUIST List 5.1354

Thu 24 Nov 1994

Qs: Digital recorders, Japanese, Tok Pisin, Reduplication

Editor for this issue: <>


  • , digital recorders
  • Ann Lindvall, Que. Japanese wa
  • Ann Lindvall, Que. Tok Pisin
  • Jan K Lindstrom, Grammaticalized reduplication

    Message 1: digital recorders

    Date: Wed, 23 Nov 1994 14:29:44 digital recorders
    From: <>
    Subject: digital recorders

    Can anybody give me details on good digital recorders for use 'in the field'? (for subsequent phonetic analysis). Thank you very much. Jose Ignacio Hualde Dept. of Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese 4080 FLB Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801

    Message 2: Que. Japanese wa

    Date: Thu, 24 Nov 94 12:24:26 +0Que. Japanese wa
    From: Ann Lindvall <>
    Subject: Que. Japanese wa

    Lund 941124

    To the Linglist readers,

    I am working with the question of transitivity and information structure and will touch the use of the particle wa in Japanese. Does anybody have references to publications from semantic/pragmatic/functional point of view? I am fairly familiar with Kuno's works but am looking for alternative descriptions.

    Yours gratefully

    Ann Lindvall Lund university, Sweden

    Message 3: Que. Tok Pisin

    Date: Thu, 24 Nov 94 12:33:18 +0Que. Tok Pisin
    From: Ann Lindvall <>
    Subject: Que. Tok Pisin

    Lund 941124

    To the Linglist readers,

    I student of mine is interested in any references to the creole language Tok Pisin. She welcomes basic general information about this specific language, as well as texts corpuses, books, newspapers, fairy tales etc. The answers can be posted to my E-mail.


    Ann Lindvall Lund University, Sweden


    Message 4: Grammaticalized reduplication

    Date: Thu, 24 Nov 94 14:40:08 +0Grammaticalized reduplication
    From: Jan K Lindstrom <jklindstwaltari.Helsinki.FI>
    Subject: Grammaticalized reduplication

    Lakoff & Johnson write in 'Metaphors we live by' (1980:128):

    Many languages of the world use the morphological device of *reduplication*, that is, the repetition of one or two syllables of a word, or of the whole word (...)

    [e.g. in the following way]

    - Reduplication applied to noun turns singular to plural or collective. - Reduplication applied to verb indicates continuation or completion. - Reduplication applied to adjective indicates intensification or increase. - Reduplication applied to a word for something small indicates diminution.

    Could I get information on, which languages make use of one (or several) of the above devices? Especially languages where this is the standard way of expressing the content. We have, of course, in English the possibility to use intensifying repetition, like *a great, great man*, but this is apparently a very marked way of expression.

    By and large, any kind of information is welcomed. Concrete examples and possible pointers to literature are appreciated.

    If there is enough interest, I will post a summary.

    Jan Lindstrom ( Dept.of Scandinavian langauges University of Helsinki Finland