"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The essays in this volume address one of the central issues in literary translation, namely the relationship between the creative freedom enjoyed by the translator and the multiplicity of constraints to which translation as process and product is necessarily subject. The contributors draw on a wide variety of genres, cultures and languages, maintaining a balance between the theory and the practice of literary translation. What emerges most clearly from these discussions is that the translator's task is subject to constraint and at the same time supremely creative. It is constrained not only by the original text but also by the different ways in which source and target languages encode reality, by target-culture ideological expectations and the functional non-equivalence of apparently identical poetic patterns. On the other hand, the translator creatively exploits the altered cultural, linguistic and literary context, thus realizing the different potential of the target language in an act of literary re-creation. This volume will be of interest to teachers, students and scholars of literary translation, as well as to practising translators who wish to inform themselves about issues of current concern.