In grade school, no one would have ever guessed I'd grow up to become a linguist-- I was the kid who got Cs in French and couldn't produce a trill to save my life! I went to university majoring in civil engineering-- relieved that there was no language requirement for that major. But I ended up switching to geophysics, thinking that it would be less restrictive than engineering, and that it would allow me to spend more time in the mountains (which turned out to be wishful thinking)...Read more
The Cambridge Handbook of Communication Disorders examines the full range of developmental and acquired communication disorders and provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive guide to the epidemiology, aetiology and clinical features of these disorders.
Noting specific inadequacies with truth-conditional approaches, Ishikawa develops a dynamic theory of reference incorporating features of Discourse Representation Theory, File Change Semantics and Situation Semantics, and also deals with non-monotonic belief revision. He argues that the task of natural language semantics is to describe meaning in terms of the psychological relation of language to our cognition of external reality. In his approach, a linguistic expression's meaning is its potential to change the information state of a cognitive agent. Reference is not understood as a link to a real individual external to an agent, but as the agent's act to link a character in a linguistic frame of individuation to characters in other (linguistic or nonlinguistic) frames. As the target of inquiry, the distinction between referential and attributive uses of definite descriptions is analyzed through the construction of conversation scenarios. In addition, Ishikawa extends his theory to an analysis of belief and attitude reports. Application of the theory to cleft and pseudocleft constructions is also outlined. Presented in a very accessible style, Ishikawa's theory will be of interest to scholars in cognitive science/artificial intelligence and philosophy as well as linguistics.