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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Book Information

   
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Title: On Economizing the Theory of A-Bar Dependencies
Written By: Wei-Tien Dylan Tsai
Description:

This book examines the typology of wh-expressions and indefinite NPs within the Minimalist framework. It is divided into two parts. The first part develops Chomsky's proposal that the theoretical status of D-Structure should be nullified in favor of alternation between Lexical Merger and Chain Formation up to the point of SPELL-OUT (S-Structure). The author argues that, under Economy considerations, Lexical Merger has priority over Chain Formation in building operator-variable dependencies. A cross-linguistic correlation between wh-question and quantification is further established to show that operator-variable dependencies should be parametrized relative to operator height, namely, operators merging into CP/IP in Chinese, in PP/DP in Japanese, and into D0/N0 in English.

The second part extends Diesing's Mapping Hypothesis such that syntax-semantics mapping is implemented in a local and cyclic manner, where the nuclear scope of a given cycle is defined by the notion "syntactic predicate" rather then VP. The author shows that a range of subject specificity effects in various syntactic constructions fall under this dynamic version of Mapping Hypothesis. Notable are those associated with topicalization, non-restrictive relativization, secondary prediction, and small clauses. Furthermore, existential closure is understood as a last resort to eliminate unwarranted variables within a syntactic predicate, ensuring that there is only one open place per prediction. This move proves to be a natural extension of Economy considerations to Semantics.

Publication Year: 1998
Publisher: Garland Publishers
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Semantics
Syntax
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0815332998
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 222pp
Prices: $53.00