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Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

By David Crystal

Offers a unique view of the English language and its development, and includes witty commentary and anecdotes along the way.


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The Indo-European Controversy: Facts and Fallacies in Historical Linguistics

By Asya Pereltsvaig and Martin W. Lewis

This book "asserts that the origin and spread of languages must be examined primarily through the time-tested techniques of linguistic analysis, rather than those of evolutionary biology" and "defends traditional practices in historical linguistics while remaining open to new techniques, including computational methods" and "will appeal to readers interested in world history and world geography."


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Title: Features, Positions and Affixes in Autonomous Morphological Structure
Written By: Rolf Noyer
Description:

The first extensive, cross-linguistic study within Distributed Morphology, this work presents a theory of the spell-out of syntactic structures as phonologically realized inflected words. Although the characteristics of well-formed words largely emerge from the interaction of forces distributed throughout the grammar (syntactic movement and the arbitrary resources of language-specific vocabulary), a residue of autonomous morphology remains, including morphosyntactic feature neutralization (Impoverishment), local re-ordering of affixes, and locally selected affix templates. The study presents a detailed synchronic and diachronic investigation of the Afroasiatic prefix conjugation from Old Akkadian to contemporary dialects of Arabic and Berber. Disjunctive ordering of morphological rules cannot simultaneously effect both position class and unique exponence effects, as in standard word-and-paradigm approaches. An original synthesis of morpheme-based and paradigm-based models is proposed in which syntactic nodes fuse or fission into their phonological signals by means of vocabulary-driven spell-out, with little or no extrinsic ordering of morphological rules. A set of feature co-occurrence restrictions or filters is provided which determines the alphabet of inflectional categories. Languages with rich inflection provide positive evidence to the learner to unlearn certain filters; otherwise, filters automatically Impoverish morphosyntactic representations, explaining the systematic absence of forms which might otherwise be constructed by freely operating word-formation rules. The filter theory of Impoverishment is exemplified with a thorough cross-linguistic study of person and number, including a comparative study of the inherent number systems of the Kiowa-Tanoan languages. The proposed theory is then tested against complex multiple-argument verbal agreement systems in Warlpiri and Nunggubuyu (Australian), Kiowa-Tanoan, and Ket (Siberia).

Publication Year: 1997
Publisher: Garland Publishers
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Linguistic Field(s): Morphology
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0815327595
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 428
Prices: $89