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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

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Book Information

   
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Title: Language Contact and Composite Structures in New Ireland
Written By: Rebecca Sue Jenkins
URL: http://www.ethnologue.com/show_product.asp?isbn=9781556711565
Series Title: Publications in Language Use and Education 4
Description:

Widespread multilingualism in Papua New Guinea provides an ideal situation
for analyzing the dynamics of language contact. In this book, the author
examines the relationship of indigenous Austronesian languages and the
pidgin/creole language, Tok Pisin. Jenkins argues that in New Ireland,
Papua New Guinea, the direction of influence between languages was first
from the indigenous Austronesian languages to Tok Pisin, but is now from
Tok Pisin to the indigenous languages.

Jenkins applies the principles of Matrix Language Theory, Abstract Levels,
and 4-M Models to the development of Tok Pisin as a pidgin/creole language
based on the Austronesian substrate. The degree and types of dialect
variation, codeswitching, and borrowing are illustrated primarily from
Tigak. Other languages are also used to demonstrate phenomena such as
language shift, convergence, attrition, and language death. A grammatical
sketch of Tigak provides background for the discussion of the language
contact phenomena. The geographical location of the Tigak places them in
close contact with a large number of languages, thus making them especially
appropriate for the kind of study reported in this book.

Publication Year: 2005
Publisher: SIL International Publications
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics
Sociolinguistics
Subject Language(s): Tok Pisin
Tigak
Language Family(ies): Austronesian
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Versions:
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 1556711565
ISBN-13: 9781556711565
Pages: 274
Prices: U.S. $ 24.95