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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

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Book Information

   

Title: Theory and Typology of Proper Names
Written By: Willy van Langendonck
URL: http://www.degruyter.de/rs/bookSingle.cfm?id=IS-9783110190861-1&l=E
Series Title: Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs [TiLSM] 168
Description:

This book proposes a new synthesis of the functions of proper names, from a
semantic, pragmatic and syntactic perspective. Proper names are approached
constructionally, distinguishing prototypical uses from more marked ones
such as those in which names are used as common nouns. Since what is
traditionally regarded as 'the' class of names turns out to be only one
possible function of name-forms (though a prototypical one), the notion of
'proprial lemma' is introduced as the concept behind both proprial and
appellative uses of such categories as place names and personal names. New
formal arguments are adduced to distinguish proper name function from
common noun or pronoun function.

The special status of proper names is captured in a unified
pragmatic-semantic-syntactic theory: a proper name denotes a unique entity
at the level of langue to make it psychosocially salient within a given
basic level category. The meaning of the name, if any, does not determine
its denotation. An important formal reflection of this characterization of
names is their ability to appear in such close appositional constructions
as the poet Burns or Fido the dog. The neurolinguistic finding that proper
names constitute a separate category is introduced and interpreted within a
general linguistic frame of reference. The different kinds of meanings
associated with names (categorical, associative, emotive, and grammatical)
are shown to be presuppositional in nature. In addition, the book proposes
an entirely new classification of proper names as forming a continuum
ranging from prototypical (personal and place names) to nonprototypical
categories (brand and language names) to citations and autonyms, and a new
diachronic classification of family names and nicknames.

This book fills an important gap in the current literature, because the
most recent linguistic book in English on name theory dates back to 1973.
It is explicitly interdisciplinary, taking into account linguistic,
philosophical, neurolinguistic, sociolinguistic and dialect geographical
aspects of proper names.

Publication Year: 2007
Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Typology
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 9783110190861
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 378
Prices: Europe EURO 98.00
U.S. $ 132.30